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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 812000 - Personal and Laundry Services


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every state and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 812000 - Personal and Laundry Services.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

NAICS 812000 - Personal and Laundry Services is part of: Sector 81 - Other Services (except Public Administration).

Industries within NAICS 812000 - Personal and Laundry Services

Links to OEWS estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 812000 - Personal and Laundry Services:

To sort this table by a different column, click on the column header


NAICS 812000 - Personal and Laundry Services

Occupation code Occupation title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Level Employment Employment RSE Percent of total employment Median hourly wage Mean hourly wage Annual mean wage Mean wage RSE
00-0000 All Occupations total 1,311,000 0.0% 100.00% $14.36 $17.90 $37,220 0.6%
11-0000 Management Occupations major 59,600 3.1% 4.55% $29.17 $37.18 $77,330 2.2%
11-1000 Top Executives minor 36,370 3.6% 2.77% $28.46 $36.20 $75,300 3.6%
11-1011 Chief Executives detail 460 17.6% 0.03% $51.37 $71.36 $148,420 13.7%
11-1021 General and Operations Managers detail 35,910 3.6% 2.74% $28.42 $35.76 $74,370 3.6%
11-2000 Advertising, Marketing, Promotions, Public Relations, and Sales Managers minor 1,860 14.4% 0.14% $38.48 $47.19 $98,140 5.6%
11-2020 Marketing and Sales Managers broad 1,730 15.6% 0.13% $38.08 $46.18 $96,050 5.9%
11-2021 Marketing Managers detail 370 29.7% 0.03% $45.69 $53.47 $111,220 17.5%
11-2022 Sales Managers detail 1,360 19.2% 0.10% $37.70 $44.19 $91,920 5.0%
11-2030 Public Relations and Fundraising Managers broad 130 20.8% 0.01% $47.13 $57.25 $119,080 11.6%
11-2032 Public Relations Managers detail 60 29.0% (7) $57.76 $70.24 $146,100 10.3%
11-2033 Fundraising Managers detail 70 27.8% 0.01% $37.20 $46.37 $96,460 11.7%
11-3000 Operations Specialties Managers minor 3,050 9.7% 0.23% $39.29 $48.91 $101,740 4.3%
11-3010 Administrative Services and Facilities Managers broad 800 32.2% 0.06% $37.38 $40.85 $84,970 13.4%
11-3012 Administrative Services Managers detail 530 47.2% 0.04% $37.05 $39.99 $83,170 17.2%
11-3013 Facilities Managers detail 270 14.5% 0.02% $40.15 $42.57 $88,550 6.7%
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers detail 180 22.5% 0.01% $82.16 $88.16 $183,370 7.4%
11-3031 Financial Managers detail 590 14.8% 0.04% $61.17 $66.51 $138,330 4.3%
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers detail 710 5.7% 0.05% $37.31 $39.88 $82,940 1.7%
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers detail 510 11.7% 0.04% $29.28 $34.60 $71,980 4.6%
11-3121 Human Resources Managers detail 200 15.7% 0.02% $47.84 $58.26 $121,180 15.3%
11-9000 Other Management Occupations minor 18,330 7.7% 1.40% $29.05 $36.16 $75,210 2.8%
11-9030 Education and Childcare Administrators broad (8) (8) (8) $18.22 $18.02 $37,470 8.6%
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) $18.22 $18.02 $37,470 8.6%
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers detail 280 44.3% 0.02% $35.47 $32.34 $67,270 9.6%
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers detail 100 41.8% 0.01% $29.88 $34.36 $71,480 10.7%
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers detail 40 16.8% (7) $29.94 $36.97 $76,900 11.4%
11-9170 Personal Service Managers broad 16,890 8.5% 1.29% $29.02 $36.33 $75,560 3.1%
11-9171 Funeral Home Managers detail 12,650 3.5% 0.96% $35.54 $39.86 $82,900 1.8%
11-9179 Personal Service Managers, All Other detail 4,240 40.1% 0.32% $29.02 $25.79 $53,650 7.0%
11-9199 Managers, All Other detail 860 10.6% 0.07% $29.03 $34.53 $71,820 5.0%
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations major 20,510 6.4% 1.56% $24.77 $29.36 $61,070 4.1%
13-1000 Business Operations Specialists minor 14,400 7.7% 1.10% $25.89 $30.22 $62,850 4.8%
13-1020 Buyers and Purchasing Agents broad 490 24.5% 0.04% $22.71 $28.49 $59,260 8.5%
13-1041 Compliance Officers detail 170 42.3% 0.01% $30.35 $29.88 $62,140 13.9%
13-1070 Human Resources Workers broad 1,410 44.3% 0.11% $29.02 $30.71 $63,870 13.9%
13-1071 Human Resources Specialists detail 1,410 44.3% 0.11% $29.02 $30.68 $63,810 13.9%
13-1080 Logisticians and Project Management Specialists broad 440 23.7% 0.03% $38.13 $43.67 $90,830 3.7%
13-1082 Project Management Specialists detail 440 23.9% 0.03% $38.13 $43.79 $91,090 3.7%
13-1111 Management Analysts detail 330 37.9% 0.03% $31.88 $42.39 $88,180 17.2%
13-1121 Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners detail 4,750 17.0% 0.36% $22.82 $27.40 $56,990 10.2%
13-1131 Fundraisers detail 350 30.1% 0.03% $23.75 $28.22 $58,700 11.0%
13-1151 Training and Development Specialists detail 920 31.5% 0.07% $30.51 $38.46 $79,990 19.1%
13-1161 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists detail 2,780 14.4% 0.21% $28.33 $28.38 $59,040 6.1%
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other detail 2,720 16.5% 0.21% $27.04 $30.72 $63,900 12.3%
13-2000 Financial Specialists minor 6,110 11.0% 0.47% $23.91 $27.33 $56,850 5.5%
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors detail 2,590 14.7% 0.20% $30.75 $36.20 $75,290 3.4%
13-2050 Financial Analysts and Advisors broad 50 30.3% (7) $38.46 $42.12 $87,620 6.9%
13-2051 Financial and Investment Analysts detail 50 33.9% (7) $39.14 $40.81 $84,870 7.2%
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other detail 3,440 15.6% 0.26% $15.41 $20.40 $42,430 7.9%
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations major 2,450 12.5% 0.19% $37.07 $41.50 $86,320 5.7%
15-1200 Computer Occupations minor 2,370 12.6% 0.18% $36.16 $40.91 $85,100 5.8%
15-1210 Computer and Information Analysts broad 100 10.4% 0.01% $46.08 $43.71 $90,910 2.7%
15-1211 Computer Systems Analysts detail 40 13.8% (7) $48.73 $46.50 $96,710 4.7%
15-1212 Information Security Analysts detail 60 14.4% (7) $44.09 $41.77 $86,890 3.1%
15-1230 Computer Support Specialists broad 380 20.4% 0.03% $29.03 $34.94 $72,680 12.8%
15-1231 Computer Network Support Specialists detail 60 32.8% (7) $37.45 $58.46 $121,600 28.7%
15-1232 Computer User Support Specialists detail 330 23.3% 0.02% $28.95 $30.68 $63,810 11.5%
15-1240 Database and Network Administrators and Architects broad 350 34.6% 0.03% $37.24 $40.98 $85,230 7.8%
15-1242 Database Administrators detail 90 35.3% 0.01% $24.79 $36.18 $75,250 17.8%
15-1243 Database Architects detail (8) (8) (8) $48.63 $54.83 $114,040 3.1%
15-1244 Network and Computer Systems Administrators detail 140 13.8% 0.01% $37.86 $42.53 $88,450 4.1%
15-1250 Software and Web Developers, Programmers, and Testers broad 1,250 20.4% 0.10% $37.59 $43.20 $89,850 10.6%
15-1251 Computer Programmers detail 30 27.3% (7) $48.41 $49.71 $103,390 9.0%
15-1252 Software Developers detail 800 32.3% 0.06% $30.26 $45.20 $94,020 23.6%
15-1253 Software Quality Assurance Analysts and Testers detail 70 22.0% 0.01% $47.77 $45.80 $95,260 3.8%
15-1254 Web Developers detail 230 36.4% 0.02% $37.76 $37.19 $77,350 16.7%
15-1255 Web and Digital Interface Designers detail 130 25.9% 0.01% $37.12 $38.77 $80,640 7.7%
15-1299 Computer Occupations, All Other detail 280 28.1% 0.02% $30.20 $37.78 $78,580 13.2%
15-2000 Mathematical Science Occupations minor 80 22.4% 0.01% $49.23 $58.29 $121,240 4.7%
15-2051 Data Scientists detail 80 22.6% 0.01% $49.23 $58.70 $122,100 4.9%
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations major 100 18.5% 0.01% $39.33 $44.11 $91,740 11.2%
17-2000 Engineers minor 90 19.4% 0.01% $43.92 $45.75 $95,160 12.3%
17-2110 Industrial Engineers, Including Health and Safety broad 50 22.9% (7) $38.04 $45.12 $93,840 20.2%
17-2112 Industrial Engineers detail 50 23.0% (7) $38.04 $45.12 $93,840 20.3%
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations major 120 41.7% 0.01% $25.68 $41.78 $86,900 21.2%
21-0000 Community and Social Service Occupations major 1,930 13.8% 0.15% $16.99 $18.53 $38,540 3.3%
21-1000 Counselors, Social Workers, and Other Community and Social Service Specialists minor 1,820 14.3% 0.14% $17.61 $18.58 $38,640 3.5%
21-1010 Counselors broad 840 19.2% 0.06% $16.00 $18.54 $38,560 5.7%
21-1018 Substance Abuse, Behavioral Disorder, and Mental Health Counselors detail 120 24.6% 0.01% $20.61 $21.11 $43,910 13.4%
21-1019 Counselors, All Other detail 650 21.2% 0.05% $14.65 $17.19 $35,750 6.3%
21-1020 Social Workers broad 150 42.5% 0.01% $23.74 $22.37 $46,520 6.7%
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers detail (8) (8) (8) $21.53 $20.98 $43,640 17.8%
21-1090 Miscellaneous Community and Social Service Specialists broad 830 20.5% 0.06% $16.75 $17.96 $37,350 6.0%
21-1091 Health Education Specialists detail (8) (8) (8) $18.47 $21.74 $45,230 14.3%
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants detail (8) (8) (8) $13.95 $14.32 $29,790 10.6%
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) $15.75 $19.96 $41,510 12.1%
21-2000 Religious Workers minor 110 29.6% 0.01% $14.73 $17.68 $36,770 14.5%
21-2011 Clergy detail 100 33.2% 0.01% $14.08 $16.79 $34,920 16.3%
23-0000 Legal Occupations major 350 37.7% 0.03% $35.46 $43.99 $91,500 28.6%
23-1000 Lawyers, Judges, and Related Workers minor 110 20.7% 0.01% $78.91 $82.63 $171,860 7.0%
23-1010 Lawyers and Judicial Law Clerks broad 110 20.7% 0.01% $78.91 $82.63 $171,860 7.0%
23-1011 Lawyers detail 110 20.7% 0.01% $78.91 $82.63 $171,860 7.0%
23-2000 Legal Support Workers minor (8) (8) (8) $23.53 $27.20 $56,570 17.2%
23-2090 Miscellaneous Legal Support Workers broad (8) (8) (8) $23.53 $26.55 $55,220 14.3%
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers detail (8) (8) (8) $23.53 $26.55 $55,220 14.3%
25-0000 Educational Instruction and Library Occupations major 620 42.1% 0.05% $17.82 $32.30 $67,190 20.8%
25-3000 Other Teachers and Instructors minor 610 42.7% 0.05% $17.82 $32.30 $67,190 21.3%
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Teachers detail 590 43.6% 0.05% $17.82 $32.44 $67,460 24.8%
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations major 5,840 14.6% 0.45% $23.63 $31.04 $64,570 13.2%
27-1000 Art and Design Workers minor 3,360 23.4% 0.26% $29.95 $37.95 $78,940 16.1%
27-1010 Artists and Related Workers broad 2,210 35.4% 0.17% $60.54 $45.72 $95,110 17.4%
27-1011 Art Directors detail 60 33.5% (7) $50.88 $61.78 $128,490 16.0%
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other detail 970 33.7% 0.07% $27.23 $27.75 $57,710 7.4%
27-1020 Designers broad 1,150 17.4% 0.09% $22.62 $22.95 $47,740 8.2%
27-1023 Floral Designers detail 660 23.2% 0.05% $18.19 $19.35 $40,250 7.4%
27-1024 Graphic Designers detail 410 29.4% 0.03% $23.20 $27.91 $58,050 15.0%
27-2000 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers minor 740 30.8% 0.06% $13.96 $17.12 $35,600 15.8%
27-2040 Musicians, Singers, and Related Workers broad 40 41.3% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-2042 Musicians and Singers detail 40 41.3% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-2090 Miscellaneous Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers broad 610 34.5% 0.05% $13.96 $15.52 (4) 14.0%
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other detail 480 39.4% 0.04% $13.96 $14.11 (4) 12.0%
27-3000 Media and Communication Workers minor 1,280 17.9% 0.10% $18.93 $26.48 $55,080 13.4%
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists detail 1,110 19.5% 0.08% $17.82 $26.53 $55,170 16.3%
27-3040 Writers and Editors broad (8) (8) (8) $24.97 $28.63 $59,540 18.5%
27-3043 Writers and Authors detail (8) (8) (8) $24.84 $24.41 $50,770 22.1%
27-4000 Media and Communication Equipment Workers minor 450 31.8% 0.03% $14.50 $15.53 $32,300 4.9%
27-4010 Broadcast, Sound, and Lighting Technicians broad (8) (8) (8) $15.50 $17.03 $35,420 20.4%
27-4021 Photographers detail 310 39.2% 0.02% $12.49 $14.56 $30,280 6.4%
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations major 5,240 13.0% 0.40% $36.33 $37.66 $78,340 10.7%
29-1000 Healthcare Diagnosing or Treating Practitioners minor 3,930 15.9% 0.30% $40.81 $43.37 $90,220 12.5%
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists detail 420 28.2% 0.03% $18.09 $20.33 $42,280 7.4%
29-1071 Physician Assistants detail 200 42.9% 0.02% $48.89 $57.92 $120,480 21.4%
29-1120 Therapists broad (8) (8) (8) $18.15 $21.19 $44,060 14.4%
29-1128 Exercise Physiologists detail (8) (8) (8) $18.28 $20.52 $42,690 9.0%
29-1131 Veterinarians detail 660 9.8% 0.05% $48.80 $47.16 $98,080 3.5%
29-1141 Registered Nurses detail 1,610 26.8% 0.12% $38.75 $41.18 $85,650 5.8%
29-1171 Nurse Practitioners detail 620 38.5% 0.05% $47.84 $54.48 $113,320 5.9%
29-2000 Health Technologists and Technicians minor 1,250 15.2% 0.10% $17.76 $19.96 $41,510 3.7%
29-2050 Health Practitioner Support Technologists and Technicians broad 1,100 17.0% 0.08% $17.64 $18.42 $38,310 2.5%
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians detail 1,020 17.0% 0.08% $17.65 $18.49 $38,470 2.7%
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses detail 150 29.6% 0.01% $22.81 $31.18 $64,840 13.5%
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other detail 50 42.4% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations major 47,330 3.8% 3.61% $18.76 $21.34 $44,390 1.8%
31-1100 Home Health and Personal Care Aides; and Nursing Assistants, Orderlies, and Psychiatric Aides minor 3,180 22.5% 0.24% $13.00 $12.83 $26,690 4.5%
31-1120 Home Health and Personal Care Aides broad 3,120 22.6% 0.24% $12.76 $12.73 $26,470 4.6%
31-1130 Nursing Assistants, Orderlies, and Psychiatric Aides broad (8) (8) (8) $17.27 $17.92 $37,280 19.3%
31-1131 Nursing Assistants detail (8) (8) (8) $17.27 $17.92 $37,280 19.3%
31-9000 Other Healthcare Support Occupations minor 44,150 4.0% 3.37% $20.86 $21.95 $45,660 1.7%
31-9011 Massage Therapists detail 42,020 4.1% 3.21% $21.49 $22.20 $46,180 1.8%
31-9090 Miscellaneous Healthcare Support Occupations broad 2,130 13.4% 0.16% $14.76 $17.09 $35,540 3.5%
31-9092 Medical Assistants detail 180 47.0% 0.01% $22.49 $21.01 $43,700 6.4%
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers detail 660 15.1% 0.05% $14.24 $15.63 $32,520 6.0%
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other detail 1,280 19.0% 0.10% $14.72 $17.32 $36,030 5.2%
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations major 1,550 14.1% 0.12% $16.42 $20.54 $42,710 10.7%
33-1000 Supervisors of Protective Service Workers minor 80 38.8% 0.01% $24.29 $25.24 $52,500 13.5%
33-1090 Miscellaneous First-Line Supervisors, Protective Service Workers broad 80 38.8% 0.01% $24.29 $25.24 $52,500 13.5%
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers, All Other detail 70 40.4% 0.01% $24.29 $24.96 $51,910 14.9%
33-9000 Other Protective Service Workers minor 1,370 14.7% 0.10% $15.29 $20.48 $42,590 11.8%
33-9011 Animal Control Workers detail 230 21.1% 0.02% $16.48 $17.40 $36,190 3.5%
33-9030 Security Guards and Gambling Surveillance Officers broad 740 20.4% 0.06% $14.14 $19.67 $40,910 20.0%
33-9032 Security Guards detail 740 20.4% 0.06% $14.14 $19.67 $40,910 20.0%
33-9090 Miscellaneous Protective Service Workers broad 410 37.2% 0.03% $16.42 $23.65 $49,190 19.2%
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other detail 360 38.7% 0.03% $16.42 $24.58 $51,130 24.5%
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations major 2,230 13.4% 0.17% $13.75 $14.73 $30,650 4.8%
35-1010 Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers broad 100 33.8% 0.01% $18.80 $19.86 $41,300 6.3%
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers detail 100 36.2% 0.01% $18.80 $18.70 $38,890 6.3%
35-2000 Cooks and Food Preparation Workers minor 550 22.4% 0.04% $16.51 $17.99 $37,430 5.1%
35-2010 Cooks broad 380 26.3% 0.03% $19.02 $19.38 $40,310 5.9%
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria detail 160 40.9% 0.01% $16.45 $17.41 $36,210 5.8%
35-2013 Cooks, Private Household detail (8) (8) (8) $22.55 $24.12 $50,160 14.2%
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant detail 30 40.4% (7) $14.97 $16.25 $33,790 15.0%
35-2019 Cooks, All Other detail 70 47.2% 0.01% $19.02 $17.96 $37,360 3.3%
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers detail 170 42.9% 0.01% $15.09 $14.99 $31,180 4.1%
35-3000 Food and Beverage Serving Workers minor 1,250 17.8% 0.10% $12.00 $13.28 $27,630 6.8%
35-3011 Bartenders detail 260 30.5% 0.02% $13.50 $15.52 $32,270 14.9%
35-3023 Fast Food and Counter Workers detail 510 32.2% 0.04% $11.51 $11.08 $23,050 9.5%
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses detail 290 34.5% 0.02% $13.50 $14.50 $30,160 6.6%
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant detail 190 41.1% 0.01% $12.91 $14.20 $29,530 12.5%
35-9000 Other Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers minor 330 21.0% 0.02% $14.27 $13.16 $27,370 7.1%
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers detail 110 46.2% 0.01% $8.69 $10.24 $21,290 15.4%
35-9021 Dishwashers detail (8) (8) (8) $12.74 $12.63 $26,280 5.3%
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop detail 130 14.0% 0.01% $14.92 $14.43 $30,000 3.0%
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other detail 40 49.9% (7) $15.29 $18.40 $38,270 15.8%
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations major 31,800 3.4% 2.43% $14.41 $15.86 $32,980 0.8%
37-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Workers broad 2,370 10.1% 0.18% $22.09 $23.42 $48,710 2.4%
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers detail 500 22.0% 0.04% $17.49 $20.50 $42,640 5.7%
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers detail 1,870 11.3% 0.14% $22.42 $24.21 $50,350 2.7%
37-2000 Building Cleaning and Pest Control Workers minor 15,450 5.7% 1.18% $14.02 $14.14 $29,400 1.1%
37-2010 Building Cleaning Workers broad 15,450 5.7% 1.18% $14.02 $14.14 $29,400 1.1%
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners detail 13,350 6.4% 1.02% $14.00 $14.17 $29,470 1.1%
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners detail 1,730 15.0% 0.13% $13.91 $13.80 $28,710 3.3%
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other detail 370 44.8% 0.03% $14.29 $14.57 $30,310 4.0%
37-3010 Grounds Maintenance Workers broad 13,990 3.6% 1.07% $14.74 $16.48 $34,280 1.0%
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers detail 13,650 3.5% 1.04% $14.78 $16.49 $34,290 1.0%
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other detail 330 35.4% 0.03% $14.10 $16.22 $33,730 12.5%
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations major 664,050 0.6% 50.65% $14.24 $16.83 $35,010 0.8%
39-1000 Supervisors of Personal Care and Service Workers minor 32,980 3.6% 2.52% $18.46 $20.78 $43,220 1.2%
39-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Entertainment and Recreation Workers broad 800 14.5% 0.06% $20.44 $21.53 $44,770 5.6%
39-1014 First-Line Supervisors of Entertainment and Recreation Workers, Except Gambling Services detail 800 14.5% 0.06% $20.44 $21.53 $44,770 5.6%
39-1022 First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers detail 32,180 3.6% 2.45% $18.44 $20.76 $43,180 1.2%
39-2000 Animal Care and Service Workers minor 110,110 2.1% 8.40% $13.79 $14.30 $29,750 0.7%
39-2011 Animal Trainers detail 5,580 7.7% 0.43% $17.33 $20.22 $42,070 5.5%
39-2021 Animal Caretakers detail 104,530 2.4% 7.97% $13.74 $13.99 $29,100 0.7%
39-3000 Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers minor 2,970 19.6% 0.23% $13.37 $15.44 $32,120 15.3%
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers detail (8) (8) (8) $13.37 $13.22 $27,500 8.0%
39-3090 Miscellaneous Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers broad 2,380 19.2% 0.18% $12.07 $12.44 $25,880 3.0%
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants detail 510 32.6% 0.04% $14.30 $14.56 $30,280 3.9%
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants detail 1,870 23.7% 0.14% $11.20 $11.83 $24,610 3.6%
39-4000 Funeral Service Workers minor 62,550 1.0% 4.77% $17.48 $20.49 $42,630 0.9%
39-4010 Embalmers and Crematory Operators broad 5,820 4.9% 0.44% $21.62 $22.76 $47,340 1.8%
39-4011 Embalmers detail 3,910 5.2% 0.30% $22.97 $24.58 $51,120 2.1%
39-4012 Crematory Operators detail 1,920 10.2% 0.15% $18.03 $19.06 $39,630 1.6%
39-4021 Funeral Attendants detail 32,360 1.7% 2.47% $14.06 $15.21 $31,630 1.1%
39-4031 Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Arrangers detail 24,370 2.1% 1.86% $23.47 $26.97 $56,100 1.2%
39-5000 Personal Appearance Workers minor 428,070 0.9% 32.65% $14.16 $16.70 $34,730 1.0%
39-5010 Barbers, Hairdressers, Hairstylists and Cosmetologists broad 265,860 1.4% 20.28% $14.26 $17.34 $36,060 1.4%
39-5011 Barbers detail 12,530 8.2% 0.96% $14.38 $17.13 $35,620 3.4%
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists detail 253,330 1.6% 19.32% $14.26 $17.35 $36,080 1.4%
39-5090 Miscellaneous Personal Appearance Workers broad 162,210 2.7% 12.37% $14.09 $15.65 $32,550 1.1%
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists detail 119,070 2.2% 9.08% $14.05 $14.63 $30,430 1.0%
39-5093 Shampooers detail 9,550 11.2% 0.73% $11.75 $12.09 $25,150 2.7%
39-5094 Skincare Specialists detail 33,570 7.5% 2.56% $17.89 $20.26 $42,140 2.9%
39-6010 Baggage Porters, Bellhops, and Concierges broad 5,240 17.2% 0.40% $14.76 $15.92 $33,110 2.5%
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops detail 780 36.3% 0.06% $14.87 $16.09 $33,480 5.3%
39-6012 Concierges detail 4,460 18.7% 0.34% $14.71 $15.89 $33,050 2.7%
39-7010 Tour and Travel Guides broad 230 35.1% 0.02% $14.65 $14.89 $30,980 1.5%
39-9000 Other Personal Care and Service Workers minor 21,900 7.9% 1.67% $14.17 $16.23 $33,760 3.5%
39-9011 Childcare Workers detail 1,380 20.7% 0.11% $12.00 $13.90 $28,920 9.0%
39-9030 Recreation and Fitness Workers broad 6,570 11.0% 0.50% $18.31 $20.18 $41,980 6.3%
39-9031 Exercise Trainers and Group Fitness Instructors detail 6,380 11.2% 0.49% $18.34 $20.33 $42,280 6.4%
39-9032 Recreation Workers detail 180 32.9% 0.01% $13.73 $15.13 $31,470 11.0%
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other detail 13,940 10.9% 1.06% $13.46 $14.60 $30,370 3.7%
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations major 67,100 3.8% 5.12% $14.00 $15.93 $33,120 1.4%
41-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Sales Workers broad 3,980 8.7% 0.30% $18.26 $21.23 $44,170 3.1%
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers detail 3,070 10.3% 0.23% $17.16 $18.72 $38,940 3.6%
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers detail 910 12.3% 0.07% $24.14 $29.69 $61,760 7.8%
41-2000 Retail Sales Workers minor 47,310 4.5% 3.61% $13.04 $13.01 $27,060 0.9%
41-2010 Cashiers broad 9,840 6.7% 0.75% $12.89 $12.99 $27,010 1.3%
41-2011 Cashiers detail 9,840 6.7% 0.75% $12.89 $12.99 $27,010 1.3%
41-2020 Counter and Rental Clerks and Parts Salespersons broad 31,060 6.2% 2.37% $12.85 $12.78 $26,580 1.1%
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks detail 31,050 6.1% 2.37% $12.84 $12.78 $26,570 1.1%
41-2031 Retail Salespersons detail 6,410 11.3% 0.49% $13.84 $14.16 $29,460 4.0%
41-3000 Sales Representatives, Services minor 11,060 9.9% 0.84% $22.67 $24.96 $51,920 3.6%
41-3091 Sales Representatives of Services, Except Advertising, Insurance, Financial Services, and Travel detail 11,010 10.0% 0.84% $22.67 $24.89 $51,760 3.4%
41-4010 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing broad 3,730 13.1% 0.28% $18.18 $19.97 $41,540 5.1%
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products detail 50 29.2% (7) $18.65 $21.54 $44,810 8.8%
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products detail 3,680 13.2% 0.28% $18.14 $19.95 $41,500 5.1%
41-9000 Other Sales and Related Workers minor 1,020 29.5% 0.08% $14.46 $17.73 $36,880 9.8%
41-9041 Telemarketers detail (8) (8) (8) $18.03 $18.42 $38,300 13.3%
41-9090 Miscellaneous Sales and Related Workers broad 690 17.8% 0.05% $14.55 $19.45 $40,450 9.8%
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other detail 690 17.8% 0.05% $14.55 $19.45 $40,460 9.8%
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations major 159,290 1.9% 12.15% $14.14 $15.49 $32,220 0.5%
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers detail 7,380 5.9% 0.56% $22.71 $24.23 $50,410 1.9%
43-2000 Communications Equipment Operators minor (8) (8) (8) $17.98 $18.97 $39,460 6.3%
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service detail (8) (8) (8) $17.98 $18.97 $39,460 6.3%
43-3000 Financial Clerks minor 10,640 8.6% 0.81% $18.27 $19.92 $41,420 2.2%
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors detail 480 30.6% 0.04% $18.37 $18.78 $39,050 2.9%
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks detail 290 22.3% 0.02% $17.78 $17.28 $35,930 2.2%
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks detail 9,270 9.1% 0.71% $18.32 $20.09 $41,790 2.6%
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks detail 370 27.8% 0.03% $19.08 $20.49 $42,620 5.7%
43-3061 Procurement Clerks detail 200 28.5% 0.02% $17.63 $18.48 $38,430 2.9%
43-3099 Financial Clerks, All Other detail 40 16.4% (7) $13.85 $13.53 $28,150 2.3%
43-4000 Information and Record Clerks minor 95,890 3.5% 7.31% $13.81 $13.74 $28,570 0.6%
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives detail 16,530 6.1% 1.26% $14.09 $15.17 $31,550 1.3%
43-4071 File Clerks detail 670 23.4% 0.05% $14.02 $13.37 $27,810 5.2%
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan detail (8) (8) (8) $23.10 $22.27 $46,320 5.4%
43-4151 Order Clerks detail 160 19.9% 0.01% $14.83 $15.90 $33,080 4.5%
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping detail 100 22.8% 0.01% $22.50 $22.06 $45,890 4.2%
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks detail 78,210 3.8% 5.97% $13.73 $13.41 $27,890 0.7%
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) $15.44 $16.45 $34,220 6.0%
43-5000 Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Workers minor 3,310 9.7% 0.25% $14.54 $16.16 $33,620 1.6%
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers detail 190 28.6% 0.01% $15.05 $16.08 $33,440 7.3%
43-5030 Dispatchers broad 850 25.8% 0.07% $17.82 $16.85 $35,040 3.0%
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance detail 850 25.8% 0.07% $17.82 $16.85 $35,040 3.0%
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks detail 540 20.2% 0.04% $17.98 $19.04 $39,600 5.2%
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Inventory Clerks detail 1,610 6.9% 0.12% $14.02 $14.90 $31,000 1.9%
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping detail 110 22.4% 0.01% $14.43 $15.31 $31,840 4.7%
43-6010 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants broad 14,930 4.5% 1.14% $16.99 $17.96 $37,350 2.2%
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants detail 1,160 15.1% 0.09% $27.38 $29.86 $62,120 6.3%
43-6013 Medical Secretaries and Administrative Assistants detail (8) (8) (8) $23.11 $21.37 $44,450 11.4%
43-6014 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive detail 13,230 4.4% 1.01% $15.28 $16.78 $34,900 2.2%
43-9000 Other Office and Administrative Support Workers minor 26,950 6.8% 2.06% $14.51 $16.11 $33,500 1.1%
43-9020 Data Entry and Information Processing Workers broad 400 20.3% 0.03% $14.59 $15.63 $32,510 2.2%
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers detail 400 20.3% 0.03% $14.59 $15.63 $32,510 2.2%
43-9061 Office Clerks, General detail 25,870 6.8% 1.97% $14.48 $16.14 $33,560 1.2%
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other detail 630 48.6% 0.05% $14.51 $15.02 $31,240 5.0%
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations major 480 37.5% 0.04% $18.06 $18.89 $39,280 4.5%
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers detail 40 27.1% (7) $18.44 $20.48 $42,590 13.7%
45-2000 Agricultural Workers minor 420 41.9% 0.03% $18.06 $18.37 $38,220 4.3%
45-2021 Animal Breeders detail (8) (8) (8) $19.47 $21.55 $44,820 12.7%
45-2090 Miscellaneous Agricultural Workers broad 350 47.9% 0.03% $17.34 $17.76 $36,940 4.7%
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse detail (8) (8) (8) $18.06 $18.05 $37,550 4.2%
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals detail (8) (8) (8) $14.97 $15.38 $31,980 10.9%
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations major 550 16.5% 0.04% $22.58 $25.30 $52,630 6.6%
47-2000 Construction Trades Workers minor 430 20.6% 0.03% $22.58 $23.14 $48,140 5.6%
47-2031 Carpenters detail 130 40.4% 0.01% $22.58 $24.77 $51,510 10.9%
47-2070 Construction Equipment Operators broad 230 21.7% 0.02% $21.16 $21.03 $43,750 5.8%
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators detail 230 21.7% 0.02% $21.16 $21.03 $43,750 5.8%
47-5000 Extraction Workers minor 80 27.4% 0.01% $35.73 $34.50 $71,760 13.8%
47-5020 Surface Mining Machine Operators and Earth Drillers broad 80 27.4% 0.01% $35.73 $34.50 $71,760 13.8%
47-5022 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators, Surface Mining detail 80 27.4% 0.01% $35.73 $34.50 $71,760 13.8%
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations major 12,870 7.1% 0.98% $18.18 $20.38 $42,390 1.4%
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers detail 770 10.1% 0.06% $36.15 $33.19 $69,040 5.1%
49-2000 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers minor (8) (8) (8) $25.41 $23.45 $48,770 29.1%
49-3000 Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers minor 410 13.2% 0.03% $23.65 $25.03 $52,070 1.7%
49-3020 Automotive Technicians and Repairers broad 160 20.8% 0.01% $22.81 $23.64 $49,170 1.6%
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics detail 160 20.8% 0.01% $22.81 $23.64 $49,170 1.6%
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists detail 220 15.3% 0.02% $27.38 $26.17 $54,430 2.0%
49-3050 Small Engine Mechanics broad 30 46.2% (7) $24.13 $24.27 $50,490 9.2%
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics detail 30 46.2% (7) $24.13 $24.27 $50,490 9.2%
49-9000 Other Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations minor 11,520 7.9% 0.88% $17.91 $19.31 $40,170 1.6%
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers detail 540 38.9% 0.04% $20.30 $20.04 $41,690 11.0%
49-9040 Industrial Machinery Installation, Repair, and Maintenance Workers broad 1,640 4.7% 0.13% $22.99 $24.40 $50,750 1.3%
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics detail 1,190 5.2% 0.09% $22.94 $24.43 $50,810 1.8%
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery detail 450 13.1% 0.03% $23.09 $24.32 $50,590 3.0%
49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General detail 8,680 5.9% 0.66% $17.14 $18.34 $38,140 1.7%
49-9090 Miscellaneous Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers broad (8) (8) (8) $17.81 $18.88 $39,260 11.2%
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers detail 280 27.6% 0.02% $19.94 $19.14 $39,810 5.7%
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) $17.69 $18.82 $39,150 17.4%
51-0000 Production Occupations major 124,960 1.1% 9.53% $13.91 $14.18 $29,490 0.4%
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers detail 8,880 4.1% 0.68% $22.20 $22.91 $47,640 1.4%
51-2000 Assemblers and Fabricators minor 790 18.8% 0.06% $13.91 $14.31 $29,760 3.3%
51-2090 Miscellaneous Assemblers and Fabricators broad 780 19.0% 0.06% $13.86 $14.17 $29,470 3.5%
51-4000 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers minor 50 43.0% (7) $14.16 $15.13 $31,470 12.9%
51-5110 Printing Workers broad 140 14.8% 0.01% $23.35 $23.41 $48,700 3.3%
51-5111 Prepress Technicians and Workers detail 50 25.7% (7) $30.12 $27.93 $58,090 14.4%
51-5112 Printing Press Operators detail 90 16.5% 0.01% $23.37 $22.54 $46,870 2.4%
51-6000 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers minor 108,160 1.3% 8.25% $13.73 $13.37 $27,810 0.4%
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers detail 79,530 1.8% 6.07% $13.71 $13.29 $27,630 0.5%
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials detail 24,830 3.9% 1.89% $13.77 $13.45 $27,970 0.7%
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators detail 1,210 12.1% 0.09% $14.21 $14.87 $30,930 1.9%
51-6050 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Sewers broad 2,180 12.1% 0.17% $14.20 $14.25 $29,650 2.1%
51-6051 Sewers, Hand detail 270 37.9% 0.02% $14.88 $15.62 $32,480 5.9%
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers detail 1,910 10.9% 0.15% $14.08 $14.06 $29,240 2.1%
51-6060 Textile Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders broad 160 28.3% 0.01% $14.16 $13.49 $28,060 6.1%
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders detail (8) (8) (8) $8.62 $11.23 $23,360 20.3%
51-6090 Miscellaneous Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers broad 200 17.2% 0.02% $14.35 $14.84 $30,860 1.2%
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other detail 200 17.2% 0.02% $14.35 $14.84 $30,860 1.2%
51-8000 Plant and System Operators minor 80 28.3% 0.01% $18.15 $20.15 $41,900 4.9%
51-8031 Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators detail 60 31.7% (7) $17.74 $20.40 $42,430 6.2%
51-9000 Other Production Occupations minor 6,840 8.7% 0.52% $14.31 $15.33 $31,880 1.5%
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers detail 2,210 8.4% 0.17% $13.83 $13.87 $28,860 1.6%
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders detail 190 48.1% 0.01% $17.07 $16.14 $33,560 3.7%
51-9151 Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators detail 1,090 18.2% 0.08% $14.52 $17.93 $37,300 4.3%
51-9190 Miscellaneous Production Workers broad 3,260 16.7% 0.25% $14.31 $15.05 $31,310 2.4%
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers detail 40 47.4% (7) $16.90 $16.77 $34,870 2.8%
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers detail 2,540 20.6% 0.19% $14.39 $15.51 $32,260 2.5%
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other detail 660 26.0% 0.05% $13.73 $13.25 $27,550 4.5%
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations major 102,030 2.4% 7.78% $14.66 $17.00 $35,350 0.8%
53-1040 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material Moving Workers broad 9,830 5.1% 0.75% $21.46 $22.30 $46,370 1.5%
53-1047 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material Moving Workers, Except Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors detail 9,830 5.1% 0.75% $21.46 $22.30 $46,370 1.5%
53-3000 Motor Vehicle Operators minor 35,380 2.8% 2.70% $18.17 $19.51 $40,570 1.1%
53-3030 Driver/Sales Workers and Truck Drivers broad 27,640 2.2% 2.11% $18.60 $20.54 $42,720 1.0%
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers detail 19,450 2.9% 1.48% $19.79 $21.20 $44,100 1.2%
53-3032 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers detail 900 12.3% 0.07% $22.55 $22.12 $46,020 2.0%
53-3033 Light Truck Drivers detail 7,290 5.0% 0.56% $18.08 $18.57 $38,620 2.0%
53-3050 Passenger Vehicle Drivers broad 6,910 11.3% 0.53% $14.50 $15.63 $32,520 2.3%
53-3052 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity detail 40 47.1% (7) $15.02 $15.17 $31,550 13.1%
53-3053 Shuttle Drivers and Chauffeurs detail 6,460 11.9% 0.49% $14.59 $15.93 $33,140 2.2%
53-3054 Taxi Drivers detail 410 36.4% 0.03% $11.33 $10.98 $22,840 5.0%
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) $14.82 $17.58 $36,560 10.4%
53-6000 Other Transportation Workers minor 45,000 5.2% 3.43% $14.18 $14.39 $29,930 1.7%
53-6021 Parking Attendants detail 44,070 4.2% 3.36% $14.16 $14.23 $29,590 1.4%
53-7000 Material Moving Workers minor 11,820 5.1% 0.90% $14.39 $14.98 $31,170 1.2%
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators detail 60 42.8% (7) $18.75 $25.47 $52,970 18.9%
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators detail 50 14.6% (7) $19.99 $20.24 $42,100 0.9%
53-7060 Laborers and Material Movers broad 11,600 5.2% 0.88% $14.37 $14.90 $30,990 1.3%
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment detail 800 40.6% 0.06% $14.27 $13.09 $27,230 5.9%
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand detail 6,230 7.2% 0.47% $14.48 $15.16 $31,530 1.6%
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers detail 870 19.2% 0.07% $14.00 $13.26 $27,580 1.8%
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand detail 1,120 12.4% 0.09% $14.39 $14.41 $29,980 1.7%
53-7065 Stockers and Order Fillers detail 2,580 6.4% 0.20% $14.39 $15.61 $32,460 3.6%
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other detail 100 28.3% 0.01% $14.98 $16.01 $33,300 5.4%


About May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.




Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022