Bureau of Labor Statistics

Field of degree: Biology

Biology field of degree. Employment: 2,990,900. Median annual wage: $65,000.

Biology field of degree. Employment: 2,990,900. Median annual wage: $65,000

Table 1.

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Table 1. Biology degree, 2018

Data

Biology

All fields

Employment

2,990,900 55,381,020

Median wage

$65,000 $59,000

Percent employed part time

16 15

Percent employed in occupations requiring at least a bachelor's degree

69 59

Percent with an advanced degree

59 37

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey.

Chart 1.

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Chart 1. Types of biology majors, 2018

Biology majors

Major share

Biology

65%

Biochemical sciences

8

Microbiology

5

Physiology

4

Zoology

4

Other

14

Note: The sum of percents by major may not total 100 due to rounding.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey.

Chart 2.

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Chart 2. Employment distribution of workers with a biology degree, by occupational group, 2018

Occupational group

Occupational group share

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

35%

Management occupations

11

Educational instruction and library occupations

10

Life, physical, and social science occupations

10

Business and financial operations occupations

5

Other

29

Note: The sum of percents by major may not total 100 due to rounding.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey.

Table 2.

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Table 2. Top-employing occupations for workers with a biology degree

Occupational Outlook Handbook profile

Percent growth, projected 2019–29

Typical entry-level education

Percent degree holders in this field, this occupation, 2018

Percent of this occupation with an advanced degree, 2018

Health specialties teachers, postsecondary

21% Doctoral or professional degree 4% 74%

Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians

7 Bachelor's degree 2 9

Registered nurses

7 Bachelor's degree 3 12

Medical scientists, except epidemiologists

6 Doctoral or professional degree 2 71

Physicians, all other; and ophthalmologists, except pediatric

4 Doctoral or professional degree 15 100

Elementary school teachers, except special education

4 Bachelor's degree 3 50

Dentists, general

3 Doctoral or professional degree 3 100

Personal service managers, all other; entertainment and recreation managers, except gambling; and managers, all other

-2 Bachelor's degree 3 21

Physical scientists, all other

-3 Bachelor's degree 3 70

Pharmacists

-3 Doctoral or professional degree 2 67

Note: Occupational profiles may comprise multiple SOC occupations, which may have differing education categories.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program (projected growth, entry-level education) and U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey (degree holders, advanced degrees).

Suggested citation:

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Field of degree: Biology,
at https://www.bls.gov/ooh/field-of-degree/biology/biology-field-of-degree.htm (visited May 19, 2021).

Last Modified Date: Monday, November 30, 2020

Telephone: 1-202-691-5700 www.bls.gov/ooh Contact OOH

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