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Employment Projections

Occupational projections and worker characteristics

Other available formats: (XLSX)

Table 1.7 Occupational projections, 2022–32, and worker characteristics, 2022
(Employment in thousands)

2022 National Employment Matrix title

2022 National Employment Matrix code

Occupation type

Employment, 2022

Employment, 2032

Employment change, numeric,
2022–32

Employment change, percent,
2022–32

Percent self employed, 2022

Occupational openings,
2022–32 annual average

Median annual wage, dollars,
2022(1)

Typical education needed for entry

Work experience in a related occupation

Typical on-the-job training needed to attain competency in the occupation

Total, all occupations

00-0000

Summary

164,482.6

169,148.1

4,665.5

2.8

6.0

18,566.5

46,310

Management occupations

11-0000

Summary

12,574.7

13,257.7

683.0

5.4

15.8

1,053.1

107,360

Top executives

11-1000

Summary

3,832.2

3,958.0

125.8

3.3

1.8

315.0

99,890

Chief executives

11-1011

Line item

280.0

257.0

-23.0

-8.2

21.2

15.3

189,520

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

General and operations managers

11-1021

Line item

3,507.8

3,655.1

147.3

4.2

0.3

296.3

98,100

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Legislators

11-1031

Line item

44.4

46.0

1.5

3.4

3.4

48,090

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers

11-2000

Summary

1,049.4

1,102.2

52.8

5.0

3.5

85.0

132,820

Advertising and promotions managers

11-2011

Line item

30.9

31.4

0.6

1.9

27.0

2.8

127,830

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Marketing and sales managers

11-2020

Summary

912.9

959.1

46.2

5.1

2.9

74.4

133,880

Marketing managers

11-2021

Line item

358.2

381.9

23.7

6.6

5.3

31.2

140,040

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Sales managers

11-2022

Line item

554.7

577.2

22.5

4.0

1.3

43.2

130,600

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Public relations and fundraising managers

11-2030

Summary

105.7

111.7

6.0

5.7

2.3

7.8

125,620

Public relations managers

11-2032

Line item

72.0

76.3

4.3

5.9

2.3

5.4

129,430

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Fundraising managers

11-2033

Line item

33.7

35.4

1.7

5.1

2.1

2.5

107,390

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Operations specialties managers

11-3000

Summary

2,455.5

2,722.6

267.1

10.9

1.6

205.5

130,950

Administrative services and facilities managers

11-3010

Summary

377.8

397.7

19.9

5.3

0.4

31.4

101,870

Administrative services managers

11-3012

Line item

250.8

264.9

14.0

5.6

21.1

103,330

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Facilities managers

11-3013

Line item

127.0

132.8

5.8

4.6

1.2

10.3

99,030

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Computer and information systems managers

11-3021

Line item

557.4

643.3

86.0

15.4

1.2

46.9

164,070

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Financial managers

11-3031

Line item

792.6

919.2

126.6

16.0

2.5

69.6

139,790

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Industrial production managers

11-3051

Line item

222.1

225.7

3.6

1.6

2.3

15.3

107,560

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Purchasing managers

11-3061

Line item

77.5

80.9

3.4

4.4

1.7

6.1

131,350

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Transportation, storage, and distribution managers

11-3071

Line item

177.7

192.3

14.6

8.2

1.9

15.9

98,560

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

Compensation and benefits managers

11-3111

Line item

17.5

17.8

0.4

2.2

1.1

131,280

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Human resources managers

11-3121

Line item

191.6

201.6

10.0

5.2

1.4

15.5

130,000

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Training and development managers

11-3131

Line item

41.3

44.0

2.7

6.5

3.5

120,000

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Other management occupations

11-9000

Summary

5,237.5

5,474.9

237.4

4.5

35.1

447.6

99,740

Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers

11-9013

Line item

922.9

880.6

-42.3

-4.6

67.2

88.8

75,760

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

Construction managers

11-9021

Line item

505.8

528.7

22.9

4.5

39.3

38.7

101,480

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Education and childcare administrators

11-9030

Summary

651.0

661.4

10.3

1.6

2.9

44.1

97,920

Education and childcare administrators, preschool and daycare

11-9031

Line item

74.8

72.6

-2.2

-3.0

6.8

4.6

49,690

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Education administrators, kindergarten through secondary

11-9032

Line item

300.4

303.7

3.3

1.1

1.5

20.2

101,320

Master's degree

5 years or more

None

Education administrators, postsecondary

11-9033

Line item

218.2

225.9

7.7

3.5

2.9

15.3

99,940

Master's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Education administrators, all other

11-9039

Line item

57.6

59.2

1.6

2.8

4.8

4.0

89,130

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Architectural and engineering managers

11-9041

Line item

201.5

209.7

8.2

4.1

0.2

13.6

159,920

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Food service managers

11-9051

Line item

357.5

359.2

1.6

0.5

33.4

39.6

61,310

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Entertainment and recreation managers

11-9070

Summary

31.7

34.1

2.3

7.3

7.4

3.7

71,420

Gambling managers

11-9071

Line item

5.3

5.4

0.1

2.6

6.5

0.6

80,710

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Entertainment and recreation managers, except gambling

11-9072

Line item

26.4

28.6

2.2

8.3

7.6

3.1

67,220

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Lodging managers

11-9081

Line item

50.8

54.2

3.4

6.7

17.1

5.4

61,910

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Medical and health services managers

11-9111

Line item

509.5

654.2

144.7

28.4

3.5

54.7

104,830

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Natural sciences managers

11-9121

Line item

86.3

90.5

4.2

4.8

6.5

144,440

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Postmasters and mail superintendents

11-9131

Line item

13.0

12.1

-0.9

-6.7

0.8

82,760

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Property, real estate, and community association managers

11-9141

Line item

429.6

453.0

23.4

5.4

37.5

35.9

60,670

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Social and community service managers

11-9151

Line item

178.4

194.6

16.2

9.1

4.7

16.0

74,240

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Emergency management directors

11-9161

Line item

11.8

12.2

0.4

3.3

0.9

79,180

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Personal service managers

11-9170

Summary

59.4

61.2

1.8

3.0

60.1

4.5

62,120

Funeral home managers

11-9171

Line item

36.4

37.2

0.8

2.2

60.9

2.7

72,110

Associate's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Personal service managers, all other

11-9179

Line item

23.1

24.1

1.0

4.3

58.7

1.8

56,090

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Managers, all other

11-9199

Line item

1,228.3

1,269.4

41.0

3.3

52.5

94.4

128,620

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Business and financial operations occupations

13-0000

Summary

10,591.1

11,179.7

588.6

5.6

4.2

911.4

76,850

Business operations specialists

13-1000

Summary

7,267.5

7,683.5

415.9

5.7

3.7

648.2

76,050

Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes

13-1011

Line item

19.9

21.5

1.6

8.2

33.1

2.1

82,530

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Buyers and purchasing agents

13-1020

Line item

494.4

456.3

-38.0

-7.7

3.4

39.0

67,620

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators

13-1030

Summary

342.6

331.9

-10.7

-3.1

1.2

21.5

72,040

Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators

13-1031

Line item

329.0

318.7

-10.3

-3.1

1.2

20.6

72,230

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Insurance appraisers, auto damage

13-1032

Line item

13.6

13.3

-0.4

-2.6

1.4

0.9

69,380

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Compliance officers

13-1041

Line item

377.5

394.7

17.2

4.6

0.0

31.0

71,690

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cost estimators

13-1051

Line item

231.4

224.9

-6.5

-2.8

1.2

18.0

71,200

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Human resources workers

13-1070

Summary

940.7

991.6

51.0

5.4

1.3

84.1

65,000

Human resources specialists

13-1071

Line item

874.5

925.9

51.4

5.9

1.3

78.7

64,240

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Farm labor contractors

13-1074

Line item

1.6

1.7

0.1

7.4

0.2

49,330

No formal educational credential

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Labor relations specialists

13-1075

Line item

64.6

64.0

-0.5

-0.8

1.4

5.2

82,010

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Logisticians and project management specialists

13-1080

Summary

1,090.0

1,182.9

93.0

8.5

0.7

89.9

88,050

Logisticians

13-1081

Line item

208.7

246.9

38.3

18.3

0.6

21.8

77,520

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Project management specialists

13-1082

Line item

881.3

936.0

54.7

6.2

0.8

68.1

95,370

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Management analysts

13-1111

Line item

987.6

1,083.3

95.7

9.7

14.3

92.9

95,290

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Meeting, convention, and event planners

13-1121

Line item

132.0

141.9

9.9

7.5

3.5

15.2

52,560

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Fundraisers

13-1131

Line item

124.0

130.5

6.5

5.2

2.1

9.9

61,190

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists

13-1141

Line item

98.2

105.1

6.9

7.0

7.7

67,780

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Training and development specialists

13-1151

Line item

385.8

409.9

24.2

6.3

0.8

35.4

63,080

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Market research analysts and marketing specialists

13-1161

Line item

868.6

985.2

116.6

13.4

4.6

94.6

68,230

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Business operations specialists, all other

13-1199

Line item

1,174.8

1,223.6

48.7

4.1

2.3

107.0

75,990

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Financial specialists

13-2000

Summary

3,323.6

3,496.2

172.7

5.2

5.2

263.2

78,180

Accountants and auditors

13-2011

Line item

1,538.4

1,605.8

67.4

4.4

4.2

126.5

78,000

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Property appraisers and assessors

13-2020

Line item

77.6

81.1

3.6

4.6

20.0

6.9

61,560

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Budget analysts

13-2031

Line item

51.6

53.3

1.7

3.3

3.6

82,260

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Credit analysts

13-2041

Line item

73.0

69.9

-3.2

-4.3

0.4

4.6

78,850

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Financial analysts and advisors

13-2050

Summary

829.1

897.1

68.0

8.2

7.4

61.3

90,680

Financial and investment analysts

13-2051

Line item

317.2

341.4

24.2

7.6

5.6

23.0

95,080

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Personal financial advisors

13-2052

Line item

327.6

369.6

42.0

12.8

12.2

25.6

95,390

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Insurance underwriters

13-2053

Line item

125.5

122.4

-3.0

-2.4

1.6

8.2

76,230

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Financial risk specialists

13-2054

Line item

58.9

63.7

4.8

8.2

2.2

4.4

102,120

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Financial examiners

13-2061

Line item

65.6

78.5

12.8

19.5

6.3

82,210

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Credit counselors and loan officers

13-2070

Summary

387.7

399.8

12.2

3.1

1.5

27.7

63,650

Credit counselors

13-2071

Line item

32.8

34.6

1.8

5.4

1.1

2.4

47,320

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Loan officers

13-2072

Line item

354.8

365.3

10.4

2.9

1.6

25.3

65,740

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tax examiners, collectors and preparers, and revenue agents

13-2080

Summary

164.6

166.5

1.9

1.2

14.5

16.5

51,830

Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents

13-2081

Line item

55.0

55.4

0.3

0.6

2.0

4.1

57,950

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tax preparers

13-2082

Line item

109.5

111.1

1.6

1.5

20.8

12.4

48,250

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Financial specialists, all other

13-2099

Line item

136.0

144.2

8.3

6.1

1.6

9.9

73,810

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Computer and mathematical occupations

15-0000

Summary

5,277.6

6,081.4

803.8

15.2

2.1

411.0

100,440

Computer occupations

15-1200

Summary

4,929.1

5,631.0

701.9

14.2

2.2

377.5

100,530

Computer and information analysts

15-1210

Summary

700.3

804.7

104.4

14.9

1.8

54.3

104,230

Computer systems analysts

15-1211

Line item

531.4

582.6

51.1

9.6

2.2

37.6

102,240

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Information security analysts

15-1212

Line item

168.9

222.2

53.2

31.5

0.5

16.8

112,000

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Computer and information research scientists

15-1221

Line item

36.5

44.8

8.3

22.7

3.4

136,620

Master's degree

None

None

Computer support specialists

15-1230

Summary

914.1

963.3

49.2

5.4

2.0

66.5

59,660

Computer network support specialists

15-1231

Line item

177.9

190.4

12.5

7.0

1.9

13.3

68,050

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Computer user support specialists

15-1232

Line item

736.2

772.9

36.8

5.0

2.0

53.2

57,890

Some college, no degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Database and network administrators and architects

15-1240

Summary

669.4

696.4

27.0

4.0

0.4

40.2

103,270

Computer network architects

15-1241

Line item

180.2

186.6

6.3

3.5

1.4

10.2

126,900

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Database administrators

15-1242

Line item

85.2

91.2

6.0

7.0

5.7

99,890

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Database architects

15-1243

Line item

64.0

70.4

6.4

10.0

4.5

134,870

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Network and computer systems administrators

15-1244

Line item

339.9

348.2

8.3

2.5

19.8

90,520

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Software and web developers, programmers, and testers

15-1250

Summary

2,159.4

2,628.6

469.2

21.7

2.7

179.5

114,190

Computer programmers

15-1251

Line item

147.4

130.8

-16.6

-11.2

7.1

6.7

97,800

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Software developers

15-1252

Line item

1,594.5

2,004.9

410.4

25.7

1.6

136.3

127,260

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Software quality assurance analysts and testers

15-1253

Line item

200.8

241.6

40.8

20.3

17.5

99,620

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Web developers

15-1254

Line item

98.8

115.5

16.7

17.0

6.6

8.3

78,580

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Web and digital interface designers

15-1255

Line item

117.9

135.8

17.9

15.2

13.1

10.7

83,240

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Computer occupations, all other

15-1299

Line item

449.4

493.1

43.8

9.7

3.2

33.5

98,740

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mathematical science occupations

15-2000

Summary

348.5

450.4

101.9

29.2

0.7

33.5

99,590

Actuaries

15-2011

Line item

30.0

36.9

7.0

23.2

2.3

113,990

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Mathematicians

15-2021

Line item

2.3

2.3

0.1

2.2

0.1

112,110

Master's degree

None

None

Operations research analysts

15-2031

Line item

109.9

134.7

24.7

22.5

0.3

9.8

85,720

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Statisticians

15-2041

Line item

33.3

43.9

10.5

31.6

0.8

3.3

98,920

Master's degree

None

None

Data scientists

15-2051

Line item

168.9

228.2

59.4

35.2

1.1

17.7

103,500

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mathematical science occupations, all other

15-2099

Line item

4.1

4.4

0.3

6.2

0.3

71,700

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Architecture and engineering occupations

17-0000

Summary

2,611.8

2,746.8

134.9

5.2

2.8

188.0

83,700

Architects, surveyors, and cartographers

17-1000

Summary

212.2

221.3

9.2

4.3

11.1

14.5

79,000

Architects, except naval

17-1010

Summary

147.3

153.5

6.2

4.2

14.2

10.0

81,640

Architects, except landscape and naval

17-1011

Line item

123.7

129.7

6.0

4.8

12.6

8.2

82,840

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Landscape architects

17-1012

Line item

23.6

23.8

0.2

0.7

23.0

1.8

73,210

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists

17-1020

Summary

64.8

67.8

3.0

4.7

4.1

4.4

64,710

Cartographers and photogrammetrists

17-1021

Line item

14.0

14.7

0.7

5.0

2.8

1.0

71,890

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Surveyors

17-1022

Line item

50.8

53.1

2.3

4.6

4.5

3.5

63,080

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Engineers

17-2000

Summary

1,736.1

1,856.6

120.5

6.9

2.0

111.4

100,030

Aerospace engineers

17-2011

Line item

63.8

67.7

3.9

6.1

3.8

126,880

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Agricultural engineers

17-2021

Line item

1.6

1.7

0.1

6.3

0.1

83,260

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Bioengineers and biomedical engineers

17-2031

Line item

19.7

20.7

1.0

5.1

1.2

99,550

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Chemical engineers

17-2041

Line item

20.8

22.5

1.7

8.1

1.3

106,260

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Civil engineers

17-2051

Line item

326.3

342.5

16.2

5.0

3.5

21.2

89,940

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Computer hardware engineers

17-2061

Line item

78.1

81.6

3.6

4.6

1.9

4.6

132,360

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Electrical and electronics engineers

17-2070

Summary

299.7

315.5

15.8

5.3

1.7

17.8

104,610

Electrical engineers

17-2071

Line item

188.8

196.6

7.9

4.2

1.7

11.0

103,320

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Electronics engineers, except computer

17-2072

Line item

110.9

118.9

7.9

7.2

1.6

6.9

108,170

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Environmental engineers

17-2081

Line item

47.3

50.2

2.9

6.1

1.4

3.4

96,530

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Industrial engineers, including health and safety

17-2110

Summary

349.3

388.5

39.2

11.2

0.0

24.1

96,590

Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors

17-2111

Line item

22.0

22.8

0.8

3.7

1.3

100,660

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Industrial engineers

17-2112

Line item

327.3

365.7

38.4

11.7

0.0

22.8

96,350

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Marine engineers and naval architects

17-2121

Line item

8.0

8.1

0.1

0.7

4.5

0.4

96,910

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Materials engineers

17-2131

Line item

22.3

23.5

1.1

5.1

1.2

1.5

100,140

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mechanical engineers

17-2141

Line item

286.1

314.7

28.5

10.0

1.0

19.2

96,310

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers

17-2151

Line item

7.5

7.6

0.0

0.3

0.4

97,490

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Nuclear engineers

17-2161

Line item

13.8

13.9

0.1

1.1

7.4

0.8

122,480

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Petroleum engineers

17-2171

Line item

21.4

21.9

0.5

2.5

1.2

131,800

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Engineers, all other

17-2199

Line item

170.3

176.0

5.7

3.3

7.0

10.4

104,600

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Drafters, engineering technicians, and mapping technicians

17-3000

Summary

663.6

668.8

5.2

0.8

2.2

62.1

61,090

Drafters

17-3010

Summary

197.3

193.0

-4.3

-2.2

1.5

16.6

60,400

Architectural and civil drafters

17-3011

Line item

107.1

107.7

0.6

0.6

0.2

10.0

59,820

Associate's degree

None

None

Electrical and electronics drafters

17-3012

Line item

21.8

22.0

0.2

0.9

2.9

1.8

64,240

Associate's degree

None

None

Mechanical drafters

17-3013

Line item

49.6

46.0

-3.6

-7.2

3.0

3.5

61,310

Associate's degree

None

None

Drafters, all other

17-3019

Line item

18.7

17.3

-1.5

-7.8

2.9

1.3

57,640

Associate's degree

None

None

Engineering technologists and technicians, except drafters

17-3020

Summary

402.1

409.5

7.3

1.8

1.4

37.8

62,530

Aerospace engineering and operations technologists and technicians

17-3021

Line item

10.2

11.0

0.8

8.3

1.7

1.0

74,410

Associate's degree

None

None

Civil engineering technologists and technicians

17-3022

Line item

64.8

65.4

0.6

0.9

1.0

5.9

59,630

Associate's degree

None

None

Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians

17-3023

Line item

102.5

103.3

0.8

0.8

1.1

9.9

66,390

Associate's degree

None

None

Electro-mechanical and mechatronics technologists and technicians

17-3024

Line item

15.2

14.8

-0.4

-2.7

1.7

1.3

60,570

Associate's degree

None

None

Environmental engineering technologists and technicians

17-3025

Line item

13.9

14.1

0.2

1.3

1.5

1.3

50,980

Associate's degree

None

None

Industrial engineering technologists and technicians

17-3026

Line item

69.1

71.3

2.2

3.2

1.7

6.5

61,210

Associate's degree

None

None

Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians

17-3027

Line item

41.1

41.4

0.3

0.6

1.7

3.7

61,990

Associate's degree

None

None

Calibration technologists and technicians

17-3028

Line item

11.3

11.8

0.5

4.4

1.7

1.1

62,050

Associate's degree

None

None

Engineering technologists and technicians, except drafters, all other

17-3029

Line item

74.1

76.4

2.3

3.1

1.3

7.0

65,520

Associate's degree

None

None

Surveying and mapping technicians

17-3031

Line item

64.2

66.3

2.1

3.3

10.1

7.8

47,180

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Life, physical, and social science occupations

19-0000

Summary

1,473.7

1,563.2

89.5

6.1

5.2

136.8

74,330

Life scientists

19-1000

Summary

344.4

368.8

24.5

7.1

1.0

25.4

83,060

Agricultural and food scientists

19-1010

Summary

35.4

37.5

2.1

6.0

1.6

3.0

74,940

Animal scientists

19-1011

Line item

2.8

2.9

0.2

5.7

0.2

69,390

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Food scientists and technologists

19-1012

Line item

15.3

16.5

1.1

7.5

1.9

1.3

79,860

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Soil and plant scientists

19-1013

Line item

17.2

18.1

0.8

4.7

1.4

1.4

65,730

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Biological scientists

19-1020

Summary

135.0

141.3

6.3

4.7

1.2

10.6

86,000

Biochemists and biophysicists

19-1021

Line item

34.5

36.8

2.3

6.7

1.7

2.8

103,810

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Microbiologists

19-1022

Line item

20.9

22.0

1.1

5.2

1.3

1.7

81,990

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Zoologists and wildlife biologists

19-1023

Line item

19.1

19.7

0.6

3.0

0.5

1.5

67,430

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Biological scientists, all other

19-1029

Line item

60.4

62.7

2.3

3.9

1.0

4.7

87,300

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Conservation scientists and foresters

19-1030

Summary

36.0

37.3

1.3

3.5

0.7

3.0

64,420

Conservation scientists

19-1031

Line item

24.7

25.7

1.0

4.1

0.6

2.1

64,460

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Foresters

19-1032

Line item

11.3

11.6

0.3

2.4

0.9

0.9

64,220

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Medical scientists

19-1040

Summary

129.1

143.4

14.3

11.1

0.9

8.3

97,210

Epidemiologists

19-1041

Line item

10.0

12.7

2.7

26.7

0.8

78,520

Master's degree

None

None

Medical scientists, except epidemiologists

19-1042

Line item

119.0

130.7

11.6

9.8

0.9

7.5

99,930

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Life scientists, all other

19-1099

Line item

9.0

9.4

0.5

5.2

0.8

0.5

83,930

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Physical scientists

19-2000

Summary

267.8

282.1

14.2

5.3

1.9

21.0

83,760

Astronomers and physicists

19-2010

Summary

23.6

24.7

1.1

4.7

5.1

1.5

139,220

Astronomers

19-2011

Line item

2.4

2.6

0.1

4.6

4.2

0.2

128,330

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physicists

19-2012

Line item

21.1

22.1

1.0

4.7

5.2

1.4

142,850

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Atmospheric and space scientists

19-2021

Line item

10.5

11.0

0.5

4.4

0.9

83,780

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Chemists and materials scientists

19-2030

Summary

95.0

100.8

5.8

6.1

7.2

81,810

Chemists

19-2031

Line item

87.1

92.5

5.4

6.2

6.6

80,670

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Materials scientists

19-2032

Line item

7.9

8.3

0.4

5.1

0.6

104,380

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Environmental scientists and geoscientists

19-2040

Summary

113.3

119.6

6.3

5.6

0.1

9.6

78,730

Environmental scientists and specialists, including health

19-2041

Line item

80.5

85.3

4.9

6.1

6.9

76,480

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers

19-2042

Line item

26.3

27.6

1.3

5.1

0.3

2.2

87,480

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Hydrologists

19-2043

Line item

6.6

6.7

0.1

1.5

0.5

85,990

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Physical scientists, all other

19-2099

Line item

25.4

25.9

0.5

2.1

15.3

1.7

107,970

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Social scientists and related workers

19-3000

Summary

326.1

342.1

16.0

4.9

18.4

23.3

84,000

Economists

19-3011

Line item

17.6

18.7

1.1

6.3

1.4

1.2

113,940

Master's degree

None

None

Survey researchers

19-3022

Line item

8.8

8.4

-0.3

-3.8

2.3

0.7

60,410

Master's degree

None

None

Psychologists

19-3030

Summary

196.0

208.0

12.0

6.1

28.3

12.8

85,330

Industrial-organizational psychologists

19-3032

Line item

10.1

10.6

0.6

5.9

86.3

0.7

139,280

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Clinical and counseling psychologists

19-3033

Line item

67.5

75.2

7.7

11.4

5.6

4.1

90,130

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

School psychologists

19-3034

Line item

62.2

63.0

0.8

1.3

2.7

4.1

81,500

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Psychologists, all other

19-3039

Line item

56.3

59.1

2.9

5.1

73.6

3.9

106,420

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Sociologists

19-3041

Line item

3.3

3.4

0.1

4.5

1.7

0.3

98,590

Master's degree

None

None

Urban and regional planners

19-3051

Line item

44.7

46.4

1.7

3.7

7.6

3.7

79,540

Master's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers

19-3090

Summary

55.7

57.2

1.5

2.7

0.8

4.7

86,070

Anthropologists and archeologists

19-3091

Line item

8.0

8.3

0.3

4.2

1.8

0.7

63,940

Master's degree

None

None

Geographers

19-3092

Line item

1.5

1.5

0.0

1.1

0.1

88,900

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Historians

19-3093

Line item

3.5

3.6

0.1

3.1

0.3

64,540

Master's degree

None

None

Political scientists

19-3094

Line item

6.2

6.6

0.4

6.6

0.6

128,020

Master's degree

None

None

Social scientists and related workers, all other

19-3099

Line item

36.5

37.2

0.6

1.7

0.6

3.0

88,900

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Life, physical, and social science technicians

19-4000

Summary

397.0

414.1

17.1

4.3

1.8

49.9

49,790

Agricultural and food science technicians

19-4010

Summary

38.8

40.7

1.9

4.9

3.1

5.5

46,140

Agricultural technicians

19-4012

Line item

17.6

18.4

0.8

4.5

2.8

2.5

41,760

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food science technicians

19-4013

Line item

21.2

22.3

1.1

5.2

3.3

3.0

47,860

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Biological technicians

19-4021

Line item

81.4

85.3

3.9

4.7

10.6

49,650

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Chemical technicians

19-4031

Line item

58.8

60.7

1.9

3.2

1.5

7.1

50,840

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Environmental science and geoscience technicians

19-4040

Summary

47.5

49.9

2.3

4.9

5.1

48,640

Environmental science and protection technicians, including health

19-4042

Line item

35.0

37.1

2.0

5.8

3.8

48,380

Associate's degree

None

None

Geological technicians, except hydrologic technicians

19-4043

Line item

9.4

9.6

0.3

3.1

1.0

48,490

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Hydrologic technicians

19-4044

Line item

3.1

3.1

0.0

0.4

0.3

58,360

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Nuclear technicians

19-4051

Line item

5.9

5.8

-0.1

-1.3

0.6

100,420

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Social science research assistants

19-4061

Line item

34.4

36.0

1.6

4.8

3.2

4.4

50,470

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Forest and conservation technicians

19-4071

Line item

31.5

31.7

0.2

0.6

0.6

3.8

41,520

Associate's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians

19-4090

Summary

98.6

103.9

5.4

5.5

3.8

12.8

53,370

Forensic science technicians

19-4092

Line item

18.5

20.8

2.3

12.6

0.8

2.6

63,740

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other

19-4099

Line item

80.0

83.1

3.0

3.8

4.5

10.2

50,290

Associate's degree

None

None

Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians

19-5000

Summary

138.4

156.1

17.7

12.8

0.8

17.2

75,240

Occupational health and safety specialists

19-5011

Line item

113.8

128.9

15.2

13.3

0.8

14.2

78,570

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Occupational health and safety technicians

19-5012

Line item

24.7

27.2

2.5

10.1

0.9

3.0

57,970

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Community and social service occupations

21-0000

Summary

2,936.5

3,164.2

227.7

7.8

4.1

281.6

49,380

Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists

21-1000

Summary

2,422.9

2,649.1

226.2

9.3

3.9

233.4

49,330

Counselors

21-1010

Summary

954.8

1,068.7

113.9

11.9

7.8

89.2

51,180

Educational, guidance, and career counselors and advisors

21-1012

Line item

342.4

360.8

18.4

5.4

1.2

26.6

60,140

Master's degree

None

None

Marriage and family therapists

21-1013

Line item

71.2

81.8

10.6

14.9

10.7

5.9

56,570

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Rehabilitation counselors

21-1015

Line item

84.8

86.4

1.6

1.9

0.8

6.7

39,990

Master's degree

None

None

Substance abuse, behavioral disorder, and mental health counselors

21-1018

Line item

388.2

459.6

71.5

18.4

8.4

42.0

49,710

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Counselors, all other

21-1019

Line item

68.2

80.0

11.7

17.2

43.5

8.0

43,390

Master's degree

None

None

Social workers

21-1020

Summary

728.6

782.5

53.8

7.4

2.2

63.8

55,350

Child, family, and school social workers

21-1021

Line item

355.3

374.3

18.9

5.3

29.5

50,820

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Healthcare social workers

21-1022

Line item

191.4

209.8

18.4

9.6

1.4

18.7

60,280

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Mental health and substance abuse social workers

21-1023

Line item

113.5

125.5

12.0

10.6

2.8

9.5

51,240

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Social workers, all other

21-1029

Line item

68.4

72.9

4.5

6.6

15.1

6.0

61,420

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous community and social service specialists

21-1090

Summary

739.5

797.9

58.4

7.9

0.5

80.5

44,050

Health education specialists

21-1091

Line item

60.4

64.8

4.4

7.2

1.5

6.6

59,990

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists

21-1092

Line item

93.9

96.2

2.4

2.5

7.4

59,860

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Social and human service assistants

21-1093

Line item

415.1

450.6

35.6

8.6

0.1

47.4

38,520

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Community health workers

21-1094

Line item

67.2

76.6

9.4

14.1

1.7

8.0

46,190

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Community and social service specialists, all other

21-1099

Line item

103.0

109.7

6.7

6.5

1.3

11.1

47,290

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Religious workers

21-2000

Summary

513.5

515.1

1.5

0.3

4.8

48.2

50,680

Clergy

21-2011

Line item

266.7

268.2

1.5

0.6

8.0

21.9

55,550

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Directors, religious activities and education

21-2021

Line item

171.0

170.6

-0.4

-0.2

0.8

16.3

49,380

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Religious workers, all other

21-2099

Line item

75.8

76.2

0.4

0.6

2.5

10.0

39,370

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Legal occupations

23-0000

Summary

1,362.4

1,442.3

80.0

5.9

8.7

91.7

95,170

Lawyers, judges, and related workers

23-1000

Summary

894.5

958.5

64.0

7.2

12.0

42.2

133,510

Lawyers and judicial law clerks

23-1010

Summary

842.6

905.3

62.7

7.4

12.6

40.1

134,140

Lawyers

23-1011

Line item

826.3

888.7

62.4

7.5

12.8

39.1

135,740

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Judicial law clerks

23-1012

Line item

16.3

16.6

0.4

2.3

1.0

57,490

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers

23-1020

Summary

51.9

53.2

1.3

2.4

1.9

2.1

113,600

Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers

23-1021

Line item

13.2

13.4

0.1

1.1

0.5

94,990

Doctoral or professional degree

5 years or more

Short-term on-the-job training

Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators

23-1022

Line item

9.1

9.6

0.5

5.0

10.5

0.4

64,030

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates

23-1023

Line item

29.6

30.2

0.7

2.2

1.2

151,030

Doctoral or professional degree

5 years or more

Short-term on-the-job training

Legal support workers

23-2000

Summary

467.9

483.8

16.0

3.4

2.5

49.4

58,810

Paralegals and legal assistants

23-2011

Line item

354.3

369.1

14.8

4.2

1.4

38.0

59,200

Associate's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous legal support workers

23-2090

Summary

113.6

114.7

1.1

1.0

6.0

11.4

56,850

Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers

23-2093

Line item

62.2

63.3

1.0

1.7

6.3

6.0

50,490

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Legal support workers, all other

23-2099

Line item

51.4

51.5

0.1

0.2

5.6

5.4

62,340

Associate's degree

None

None

Educational instruction and library occupations

25-0000

Summary

9,354.1

9,570.6

216.5

2.3

1.9

857.6

57,490

Postsecondary teachers

25-1000

Summary

1,709.8

1,826.8

117.0

6.8

0.2

149.2

79,080

Business teachers, postsecondary

25-1011

Line item

99.9

106.9

6.9

6.9

0.2

8.7

88,790

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Math and computer science teachers, postsecondary

25-1020

Summary

98.0

102.0

4.0

4.1

0.1

8.2

79,810

Computer science teachers, postsecondary

25-1021

Line item

42.0

44.3

2.2

5.3

0.2

3.6

84,760

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary

25-1022

Line item

55.9

57.7

1.8

3.2

0.1

4.6

77,420

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Engineering and architecture teachers, postsecondary

25-1030

Summary

53.7

58.2

4.5

8.4

0.2

4.8

102,810

Architecture teachers, postsecondary

25-1031

Line item

8.2

8.5

0.3

3.8

0.7

93,220

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Engineering teachers, postsecondary

25-1032

Line item

45.5

49.7

4.2

9.3

0.1

4.1

103,550

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Life sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1040

Summary

74.0

79.9

5.9

8.0

0.2

6.6

82,740

Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1041

Line item

10.1

10.5

0.5

4.8

0.8

85,860

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Biological science teachers, postsecondary

25-1042

Line item

62.4

67.7

5.3

8.6

0.2

5.6

81,650

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary

25-1043

Line item

1.5

1.6

0.1

5.2

0.1

96,500

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physical sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1050

Summary

63.5

65.9

2.4

3.7

0.2

5.3

83,700

Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1051

Line item

13.6

14.1

0.5

3.6

1.1

97,770

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Chemistry teachers, postsecondary

25-1052

Line item

25.9

26.8

0.9

3.5

2.1

80,720

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Environmental science teachers, postsecondary

25-1053

Line item

7.9

8.2

0.3

4.2

0.7

83,040

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physics teachers, postsecondary

25-1054

Line item

16.2

16.8

0.6

3.8

1.3

86,550

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Social sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1060

Summary

141.4

147.3

5.9

4.2

0.2

11.8

80,910

Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary

25-1061

Line item

6.2

6.4

0.2

4.0

0.5

85,000

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary

25-1062

Line item

11.9

12.4

0.5

3.9

1.0

80,910

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Economics teachers, postsecondary

25-1063

Line item

14.8

15.4

0.6

3.8

1.2

103,930

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Geography teachers, postsecondary

25-1064

Line item

4.1

4.3

0.2

4.4

0.3

81,920

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Political science teachers, postsecondary

25-1065

Line item

19.3

20.0

0.7

3.7

1.6

83,770

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Psychology teachers, postsecondary

25-1066

Line item

50.9

53.6

2.7

5.2

0.2

4.3

78,810

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Sociology teachers, postsecondary

25-1067

Line item

15.0

15.5

0.6

3.7

1.2

78,970

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other

25-1069

Line item

19.2

19.7

0.5

2.6

1.6

75,390

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Health teachers, postsecondary

25-1070

Summary

348.7

414.5

65.8

18.9

0.2

36.3

95,580

Health specialties teachers, postsecondary

25-1071

Line item

262.8

313.0

50.2

19.1

0.2

27.4

100,300

Doctoral or professional degree

Less than 5 years

None

Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary

25-1072

Line item

85.9

101.5

15.6

18.2

0.2

8.8

78,580

Doctoral or professional degree

Less than 5 years

None

Education and library science teachers, postsecondary

25-1080

Summary

79.7

82.7

3.0

3.8

0.2

6.6

67,920

Education teachers, postsecondary

25-1081

Line item

74.3

77.1

2.8

3.7

0.2

6.2

66,930

Doctoral or professional degree

Less than 5 years

None

Library science teachers, postsecondary

25-1082

Line item

5.4

5.6

0.2

4.1

0.4

76,370

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Law, criminal justice, and social work teachers, postsecondary

25-1110

Summary

51.7

53.4

1.7

3.2

0.2

4.3

77,580

Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary

25-1111

Line item

16.5

16.9

0.4

2.7

1.3

64,990

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Law teachers, postsecondary

25-1112

Line item

19.8

20.4

0.6

3.0

0.3

1.6

108,860

Doctoral or professional degree

Less than 5 years

None

Social work teachers, postsecondary

25-1113

Line item

15.5

16.1

0.6

4.0

1.3

66,510

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Arts, communications, history, and humanities teachers, postsecondary

25-1120

Summary

304.1

311.4

7.4

2.4

0.2

24.7

76,850

Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary

25-1121

Line item

123.9

127.8

3.9

3.2

0.3

10.2

77,280

Master's degree

None

None

Communications teachers, postsecondary

25-1122

Line item

33.6

34.8

1.2

3.4

0.2

2.8

76,250

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

English language and literature teachers, postsecondary

25-1123

Line item

70.1

70.9

0.9

1.2

0.1

5.6

74,280

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary

25-1124

Line item

24.7

25.0

0.3

1.4

0.2

2.0

76,030

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

History teachers, postsecondary

25-1125

Line item

22.8

23.1

0.3

1.3

1.8

79,400

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary

25-1126

Line item

29.1

29.9

0.8

2.7

0.3

2.4

78,780

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Miscellaneous postsecondary teachers

25-1190

Summary

395.1

404.6

9.5

2.4

0.2

32.1

66,390

Family and consumer sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1192

Line item

2.9

3.0

0.1

3.9

0.2

76,440

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary

25-1193

Line item

16.3

16.8

0.5

3.3

1.3

72,650

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Career/technical education teachers, postsecondary

25-1194

Line item

113.0

112.5

-0.6

-0.5

0.3

8.7

59,840

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Postsecondary teachers, all other

25-1199

Line item

262.8

272.3

9.4

3.6

0.1

21.8

76,920

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Preschool, elementary, middle, secondary, and special education teachers

25-2000

Summary

4,355.9

4,402.1

46.1

1.1

0.5

314.3

61,180

Preschool and kindergarten teachers

25-2010

Summary

635.7

653.6

17.9

2.8

1.4

69.3

37,000

Preschool teachers, except special education

25-2011

Line item

512.3

529.6

17.2

3.4

1.7

56.3

35,330

Associate's degree

None

None

Kindergarten teachers, except special education

25-2012

Line item

123.4

124.1

0.7

0.5

0.3

13.0

60,490

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Elementary and middle school teachers

25-2020

Summary

2,061.6

2,076.7

15.1

0.7

0.4

139.0

61,730

Elementary school teachers, except special education

25-2021

Line item

1,425.0

1,435.0

10.0

0.7

0.4

96.0

61,690

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education

25-2022

Line item

625.5

630.6

5.1

0.8

0.4

42.2

61,810

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Career/technical education teachers, middle school

25-2023

Line item

11.1

11.1

0.0

0.0

0.7

62,630

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Secondary school teachers

25-2030

Summary

1,160.2

1,171.1

10.9

0.9

0.4

72.5

62,360

Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education

25-2031

Line item

1,072.3

1,083.4

11.1

1.0

0.4

67.1

62,360

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Career/technical education teachers, secondary school

25-2032

Line item

88.0

87.7

-0.2

-0.2

0.1

5.4

62,500

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Special education teachers

25-2050

Summary

498.4

500.7

2.2

0.4

0.1

33.5

62,950

Special education teachers, preschool

25-2051

Line item

23.8

24.3

0.5

1.9

1.6

62,240

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school

25-2052

Line item

194.7

194.6

-0.1

0.0

0.0

12.9

62,390

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Special education teachers, middle school

25-2057

Line item

82.8

82.6

-0.1

-0.2

5.5

62,990

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Special education teachers, secondary school

25-2058

Line item

153.2

154.0

0.7

0.5

0.0

10.3

63,560

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Special education teachers, all other

25-2059

Line item

43.9

45.2

1.3

2.9

0.2

3.1

63,950

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Other teachers and instructors

25-3000

Summary

1,190.1

1,223.8

33.7

2.8

11.6

158.4

38,510

Adult basic education, adult secondary education, and english as a second language instructors

25-3011

Line item

42.2

36.9

-5.3

-12.6

7.0

4.2

58,590

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Self-enrichment teachers

25-3021

Line item

354.7

366.1

11.4

3.2

19.4

44.1

44,110

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Substitute teachers, short-term

25-3031

Line item

421.6

438.9

17.4

4.1

4.5

53.0

35,250

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Tutors

25-3041

Line item

223.7

231.1

7.4

3.3

14.9

39.1

36,680

Some college, no degree

None

None

Teachers and instructors, all other

25-3099

Line item

148.0

150.9

2.9

1.9

9.9

18.1

61,250

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Librarians, curators, and archivists

25-4000

Summary

257.6

260.8

3.2

1.2

1.3

30.9

51,220

Archivists, curators, and museum technicians

25-4010

Summary

37.7

41.5

3.7

9.9

8.6

5.0

53,420

Archivists

25-4011

Line item

9.4

10.2

0.8

8.2

7.5

1.2

58,640

Master's degree

None

None

Curators

25-4012

Line item

13.9

15.4

1.5

11.1

9.3

1.9

60,380

Master's degree

None

None

Museum technicians and conservators

25-4013

Line item

14.4

15.9

1.4

9.9

8.7

1.9

47,270

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Librarians and media collections specialists

25-4022

Line item

141.2

145.5

4.3

3.0

13.7

61,660

Master's degree

None

None

Library technicians

25-4031

Line item

78.6

73.8

-4.8

-6.1

12.2

37,600

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Other educational instruction and library occupations

25-9000

Summary

1,840.7

1,857.2

16.4

0.9

0.5

204.8

35,520

Farm and home management educators

25-9021

Line item

9.7

9.5

-0.2

-2.0

0.8

53,450

Master's degree

None

None

Instructional coordinators

25-9031

Line item

216.6

222.0

5.3

2.5

1.2

19.2

66,490

Master's degree

5 years or more

None

Teaching assistants

25-9040

Summary

1,469.1

1,477.1

8.0

0.5

0.3

171.9

31,320

Teaching assistants, postsecondary

25-9044

Line item

170.2

177.3

7.1

4.2

0.4

20.9

38,050

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Teaching assistants, except postsecondary

25-9045

Line item

1,298.9

1,299.8

0.9

0.1

0.3

151.0

30,920

Some college, no degree

None

None

Educational instruction and library workers, all other

25-9099

Line item

145.3

148.6

3.3

2.3

0.9

12.9

47,650

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

27-0000

Summary

3,071.1

3,187.0

115.9

3.8

26.2

316.9

58,030

Art and design workers

27-1000

Summary

991.2

1,020.7

29.4

3.0

29.8

95.8

51,150

Artists and related workers

27-1010

Summary

278.9

296.9

18.0

6.5

57.4

28.7

95,220

Art directors

27-1011

Line item

135.1

143.2

8.2

6.1

58.1

13.8

105,180

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Craft artists

27-1012

Line item

11.5

12.0

0.4

3.9

59.1

1.1

38,150

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators

27-1013

Line item

29.1

30.6

1.5

5.2

58.5

2.9

57,560

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Special effects artists and animators

27-1014

Line item

89.3

96.6

7.4

8.2

57.9

9.4

98,950

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Artists and related workers, all other

27-1019

Line item

14.0

14.5

0.5

3.4

43.3

1.4

69,760

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Designers

27-1020

Summary

712.3

723.8

11.4

1.6

19.0

67.1

46,990

Commercial and industrial designers

27-1021

Line item

32.4

33.0

0.7

2.0

5.1

2.2

75,910

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Fashion designers

27-1022

Line item

24.9

25.7

0.8

3.3

17.0

2.3

76,700

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Floral designers

27-1023

Line item

54.5

44.7

-9.8

-18.0

20.5

4.7

33,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Graphic designers

27-1024

Line item

270.9

279.8

8.9

3.3

18.7

22.8

57,990

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Interior designers

27-1025

Line item

94.9

98.7

3.7

3.9

32.0

9.0

61,590

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Merchandise displayers and window trimmers

27-1026

Line item

173.4

177.5

4.1

2.4

20.8

35,380

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Set and exhibit designers

27-1027

Line item

27.8

29.8

2.0

7.3

59.2

2.5

59,990

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Designers, all other

27-1029

Line item

33.5

34.6

1.1

3.1

62.0

2.8

65,390

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers

27-2000

Summary

857.1

906.7

49.6

5.8

23.8

106.8

52,940

Actors, producers, and directors

27-2010

Summary

253.4

267.6

14.2

5.6

14.0

25.2

75,440

Actors

27-2011

Line item

78.1

80.6

2.5

3.2

26.3

9.3

Some college, no degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Producers and directors

27-2012

Line item

175.3

187.0

11.7

6.7

8.5

16.0

85,320

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers

27-2020

Summary

309.6

338.2

28.6

9.2

12.1

45.4

45,080

Athletes and sports competitors

27-2021

Line item

14.0

15.2

1.3

9.1

7.8

1.9

94,270

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Coaches and scouts

27-2022

Line item

275.2

300.5

25.3

9.2

10.7

38.4

44,890

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Umpires, referees, and other sports officials

27-2023

Line item

20.4

22.4

2.0

9.7

33.9

5.0

36,010

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Dancers and choreographers

27-2030

Summary

18.4

19.4

1.0

5.2

19.2

3.0

47,050

Dancers

27-2031

Line item

11.5

12.2

0.6

5.3

19.3

1.9

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Choreographers

27-2032

Line item

6.9

7.3

0.3

5.0

19.0

1.1

50,990

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

Long-term on-the-job training

Musicians, singers, and related workers

27-2040

Summary

225.3

228.0

2.7

1.2

42.2

27.7

Music directors and composers

27-2041

Line item

51.8

52.4

0.6

1.1

22.4

5.1

62,940

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Musicians and singers

27-2042

Line item

173.5

175.6

2.1

1.2

48.1

22.6

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous entertainers and performers, sports and related workers

27-2090

Summary

50.3

53.5

3.2

6.3

64.9

5.5

Disc jockeys, except radio

27-2091

Line item

23.8

24.8

1.0

4.2

76.3

2.0

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other

27-2099

Line item

26.5

28.7

2.2

8.2

54.6

3.4

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Media and communication workers

27-3000

Summary

826.2

848.1

21.9

2.6

18.5

77.6

66,240

Broadcast announcers and radio disc jockeys

27-3011

Line item

28.0

24.8

-3.2

-11.4

2.8

2.4

41,750

Bachelor's degree

None

None

News analysts, reporters, and journalists

27-3023

Line item

58.5

56.6

-1.9

-3.3

24.7

6.0

55,960

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Public relations specialists

27-3031

Line item

297.1

315.1

18.0

6.1

1.1

25.8

67,440

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Writers and editors

27-3040

Summary

326.7

331.0

4.3

1.3

34.4

31.8

75,080

Editors

27-3041

Line item

122.1

117.3

-4.9

-4.0

12.6

11.6

73,080

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Technical writers

27-3042

Line item

53.3

57.0

3.7

6.9

5.8

4.8

79,960

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Writers and authors

27-3043

Line item

151.2

156.8

5.6

3.7

62.0

15.5

73,150

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous media and communication workers

27-3090

Summary

115.9

120.6

4.7

4.0

18.8

11.6

58,180

Interpreters and translators

27-3091

Line item

68.7

71.7

3.0

4.3

21.4

7.2

53,640

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Court reporters and simultaneous captioners

27-3092

Line item

21.3

21.9

0.6

2.8

30.8

2.1

63,560

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Media and communication workers, all other

27-3099

Line item

25.8

26.9

1.1

4.3

2.0

2.3

65,000

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Media and communication equipment workers

27-4000

Summary

396.5

411.5

15.0

3.8

38.5

36.7

52,840

Broadcast, sound, and lighting technicians

27-4010

Summary

142.8

145.3

2.5

1.7

13.5

12.9

53,960

Audio and video technicians

27-4011

Line item

74.8

78.3

3.5

4.7

12.5

7.1

50,660

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Broadcast technicians

27-4012

Line item

39.9

39.4

-0.4

-1.1

15.0

3.4

60,700

Associate's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sound engineering technicians

27-4014

Line item

17.6

17.4

-0.2

-1.2

13.8

1.5

60,670

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Lighting technicians

27-4015

Line item

10.5

10.2

-0.4

-3.4

14.8

0.9

61,650

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Photographers

27-4021

Line item

148.9

155.0

6.1

4.1

68.6

13.9

40,170

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Television, video, and film camera operators and editors

27-4030

Summary

87.5

93.3

5.8

6.7

34.0

8.2

62,420

Camera operators, television, video, and film

27-4031

Line item

36.5

37.5

1.0

2.8

33.3

3.2

58,230

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Film and video editors

27-4032

Line item

51.0

55.8

4.8

9.4

34.4

5.0

63,520

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Media and communication equipment workers, all other

27-4099

Line item

17.3

17.9

0.6

3.4

9.4

1.6

69,490

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

29-0000

Summary

9,481.0

10,243.7

762.7

8.0

2.3

621.6

77,760

Healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners

29-1000

Summary

6,305.6

6,848.4

542.7

8.6

3.0

365.1

93,710

Chiropractors

29-1011

Line item

55.0

59.8

4.9

8.8

31.1

2.6

75,380

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Dentists

29-1020

Summary

155.0

161.8

6.8

4.4

10.6

5.1

159,530

Dentists, general

29-1021

Line item

136.7

142.7

6.0

4.4

10.8

4.5

155,040

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons

29-1022

Line item

4.9

5.1

0.2

5.0

10.8

0.2

>=239,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Orthodontists

29-1023

Line item

7.2

7.5

0.3

4.5

10.9

0.2

174,360

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Prosthodontists

29-1024

Line item

0.4

0.5

0.0

5.7

0.0

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Dentists, all other specialists

29-1029

Line item

5.8

6.0

0.2

2.7

6.4

0.2

212,740

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Dietitians and nutritionists

29-1031

Line item

78.6

83.8

5.2

6.6

8.2

5.6

66,450

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Optometrists

29-1041

Line item

43.4

47.3

3.8

8.8

6.7

1.7

125,590

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Pharmacists

29-1051

Line item

334.2

342.9

8.7

2.6

0.9

13.4

132,750

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physician assistants

29-1071

Line item

148.0

187.3

39.3

26.5

2.6

12.2

126,010

Master's degree

None

None

Podiatrists

29-1081

Line item

10.6

10.7

0.1

1.0

9.8

0.3

148,720

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Therapists

29-1120

Summary

782.4

893.3

110.9

14.2

6.5

51.7

83,960

Occupational therapists

29-1122

Line item

139.6

155.6

16.1

11.5

0.3

9.6

93,180

Master's degree

None

None

Physical therapists

29-1123

Line item

246.8

284.1

37.3

15.1

4.1

13.9

97,720

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Radiation therapists

29-1124

Line item

15.9

16.3

0.4

2.4

0.7

89,530

Associate's degree

None

None

Recreational therapists

29-1125

Line item

16.8

17.4

0.6

3.6

0.4

1.3

51,330

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Respiratory therapists

29-1126

Line item

133.1

149.8

16.7

12.5

8.6

70,540

Associate's degree

None

None

Speech-language pathologists

29-1127

Line item

171.4

204.5

33.1

19.3

3.3

13.2

84,140

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Exercise physiologists

29-1128

Line item

16.5

18.2

1.7

10.2

58.8

1.2

51,350

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Therapists, all other

29-1129

Line item

42.3

47.5

5.2

12.2

58.9

3.2

60,800

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Veterinarians

29-1131

Line item

89.5

107.2

17.7

19.7

10.1

5.0

103,260

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Registered nurses

29-1141

Line item

3,172.5

3,349.9

177.4

5.6

0.5

193.1

81,220

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Nurse anesthetists

29-1151

Line item

49.4

53.8

4.5

9.0

3.8

2.5

203,090

Master's degree

None

None

Nurse midwives

29-1161

Line item

8.2

8.7

0.5

6.4

0.8

0.4

120,880

Master's degree

None

None

Nurse practitioners

29-1171

Line item

266.3

384.9

118.6

44.5

0.7

26.3

121,610

Master's degree

None

None

Audiologists

29-1181

Line item

14.4

15.9

1.5

10.6

0.9

82,680

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physicians

29-1210

Summary

757.4

780.9

23.6

3.1

4.6

22.7

227,180

Anesthesiologists

29-1211

Line item

40.0

41.1

1.0

2.6

5.1

1.2

>=239,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Cardiologists

29-1212

Line item

18.0

18.6

0.6

3.1

5.1

0.5

>=239,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Dermatologists

29-1213

Line item

12.4

12.8

0.4

3.1

5.2

0.4

>=239,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Emergency medicine physicians

29-1214

Line item

31.3

32.2

0.9

2.8

4.9

0.9

>=239,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Family medicine physicians

29-1215

Line item

108.0

112.0

4.0

3.7

4.9

3.3

211,300

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

General internal medicine physicians

29-1216

Line item

72.6

74.4

1.8

2.5

4.7

2.1

214,460

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Neurologists

29-1217

Line item

12.2

12.5

0.4

3.2

5.0

0.4

224,260

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Obstetricians and gynecologists

29-1218

Line item

22.9

23.4

0.5

2.2

5.0

0.7

>=239,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Pediatricians, general

29-1221

Line item

35.9

36.2

0.3

0.9

5.0

1.0

190,350

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Physicians, pathologists

29-1222

Line item

13.2

13.9

0.6

4.6

4.7

0.4

>=239,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Psychiatrists

29-1223

Line item

28.6

30.5

1.9

6.7

4.1

1.0

226,880

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Radiologists

29-1224

Line item

31.2

32.4

1.1

3.6

5.1

1.0

>=239,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Physicians, all other

29-1229

Line item

330.9

341.0

10.0

3.0

4.2

9.9

223,410

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Surgeons

29-1240

Summary

59.6

60.6

1.0

1.7

0.5

1.5

>=239,200

Ophthalmologists, except pediatric

29-1241

Line item

12.8

13.3

0.5

3.6

0.5

0.3

219,810

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Orthopedic surgeons, except pediatric

29-1242

Line item

19.4

19.7

0.3

1.6

0.5

0.5

>=239,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Pediatric surgeons

29-1243

Line item

0.8

0.8

0.0

1.0

0.0

>=239,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Surgeons, all other

29-1249

Line item

26.5

26.8

0.2

0.8

0.5

0.6

>=239,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Miscellaneous healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners

29-1290

Summary

281.3

299.6

18.4

6.5

8.6

20.2

81,950

Acupuncturists

29-1291

Line item

26.6

28.0

1.4

5.3

69.4

1.8

72,220

Master's degree

None

None

Dental hygienists

29-1292

Line item

219.4

235.7

16.3

7.4

1.2

16.4

81,400

Associate's degree

None

None

Healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners, all other

29-1299

Line item

35.2

35.9

0.7

2.0

8.4

2.0

106,230

Master's degree

None

None

Health technologists and technicians

29-2000

Summary

3,036.2

3,241.3

205.1

6.8

0.7

246.2

48,560

Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians

29-2010

Line item

342.9

359.7

16.8

4.9

0.1

24.0

57,380

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Diagnostic related technologists and technicians

29-2030

Summary

428.5

458.2

29.8

6.9

2.3

26.3

74,550

Cardiovascular technologists and technicians

29-2031

Line item

58.9

61.1

2.2

3.7

3.5

3.9

63,020

Associate's degree

None

None

Diagnostic medical sonographers

29-2032

Line item

83.8

95.8

12.0

14.3

1.7

5.7

81,350

Associate's degree

None

None

Nuclear medicine technologists

29-2033

Line item

18.1

18.2

0.1

0.4

5.0

0.8

85,300

Associate's degree

None

None

Radiologic technologists and technicians

29-2034

Line item

222.8

235.0

12.2

5.5

1.3

13.1

65,140

Associate's degree

None

None

Magnetic resonance imaging technologists

29-2035

Line item

41.4

44.6

3.2

7.7

5.6

2.6

80,090

Associate's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Medical dosimetrists

29-2036

Line item

3.5

3.6

0.1

3.4

4.9

0.2

128,970

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

29-2040

Summary

269.0

283.6

14.6

5.4

0.3

18.1

39,410

Emergency medical technicians

29-2042

Line item

170.7

180.0

9.3

5.4

13.1

36,680

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Paramedics

29-2043

Line item

98.3

103.6

5.3

5.4

0.7

5.1

49,090

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

None

Health practitioner support technologists and technicians

29-2050

Summary

885.6

962.1

76.6

8.6

0.3

87.7

38,780

Dietetic technicians

29-2051

Line item

20.2

20.9

0.7

3.5

2.3

33,960

Associate's degree

None

None

Pharmacy technicians

29-2052

Line item

459.6

485.5

25.9

5.6

0.1

44.9

37,790

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Psychiatric technicians

29-2053

Line item

107.1

117.5

10.4

9.7

0.9

10.2

37,380

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Surgical technologists

29-2055

Line item

109.2

115.2

5.9

5.4

7.2

55,960

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Veterinary technologists and technicians

29-2056

Line item

122.9

148.1

25.2

20.5

1.0

14.8

38,240

Associate's degree

None

None

Ophthalmic medical technicians

29-2057

Line item

66.5

74.9

8.4

12.7

8.4

38,860

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

29-2061

Line item

655.0

689.9

34.9

5.3

0.8

54.4

54,620

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Medical records specialists

29-2072

Line item

194.3

210.9

16.5

8.5

1.0

15.0

47,180

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Opticians, dispensing

29-2081

Line item

73.3

75.2

2.0

2.7

0.5

6.4

39,610

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians

29-2090

Summary

187.7

201.7

14.0

7.5

0.9

14.3

45,920

Orthotists and prosthetists

29-2091

Line item

9.5

10.9

1.5

15.4

0.9

0.8

77,070

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Hearing aid specialists

29-2092

Line item

10.2

11.7

1.5

14.5

1.0

0.9

59,020

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Health technologists and technicians, all other

29-2099

Line item

168.0

179.1

11.1

6.6

0.9

12.6

44,990

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

29-9000

Summary

139.2

154.1

14.9

10.7

3.5

10.3

57,740

Health information technologists and medical registrars

29-9021

Line item

37.9

44.1

6.2

16.5

3.9

3.1

58,250

Associate's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous health practitioners and technical workers

29-9090

Summary

101.3

110.0

8.6

8.5

3.4

7.2

57,640

Athletic trainers

29-9091

Line item

33.8

38.5

4.8

14.1

3.1

2.7

53,840

Master's degree

None

None

Genetic counselors

29-9092

Line item

3.5

4.0

0.6

16.1

4.0

0.3

89,990

Master's degree

None

None

Surgical assistants

29-9093

Line item

19.7

20.7

1.0

5.2

4.2

1.3

57,290

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other

29-9099

Line item

44.4

46.7

2.3

5.2

3.1

3.0

60,160

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Healthcare support occupations

31-0000

Summary

7,144.9

8,245.5

1,100.6

15.4

2.4

1,211.0

33,600

Home health and personal care aides; and nursing assistants, orderlies, and psychiatric aides

31-1100

Summary

5,154.8

6,019.3

864.6

16.8

2.2

899.0

31,450

Home health and personal care aides

31-1120

Line item

3,715.5

4,520.1

804.6

21.7

2.7

684.6

30,180

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Nursing assistants, orderlies, and psychiatric aides

31-1130

Summary

1,439.2

1,499.2

60.0

4.2

1.1

214.4

35,760

Nursing assistants

31-1131

Line item

1,361.3

1,417.8

56.5

4.1

1.2

202.4

35,760

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Orderlies

31-1132

Line item

45.5

47.4

1.9

4.2

7.0

34,520

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Psychiatric aides

31-1133

Line item

32.4

34.0

1.6

4.9

5.0

37,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Occupational therapy and physical therapist assistants and aides

31-2000

Summary

194.1

232.8

38.6

19.9

32.9

59,560

Occupational therapy assistants and aides

31-2010

Summary

49.0

60.0

11.0

22.5

8.6

63,450

Occupational therapy assistants

31-2011

Line item

45.1

56.0

10.8

24.0

8.0

64,250

Associate's degree

None

None

Occupational therapy aides

31-2012

Line item

3.8

4.0

0.2

4.9

0.6

37,060

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Physical therapist assistants and aides

31-2020

Summary

145.1

172.7

27.6

19.0

24.3

57,240

Physical therapist assistants

31-2021

Line item

100.7

126.9

26.3

26.1

18.1

62,770

Associate's degree

None

None

Physical therapist aides

31-2022

Line item

44.5

45.8

1.3

3.0

6.3

31,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other healthcare support occupations

31-9000

Summary

1,796.1

1,993.4

197.4

11.0

3.0

279.1

38,810

Massage therapists

31-9011

Line item

134.3

158.9

24.6

18.3

34.6

22.0

49,860

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations

31-9090

Summary

1,661.7

1,834.5

172.8

10.4

0.5

257.1

38,550

Dental assistants

31-9091

Line item

371.0

396.7

25.7

6.9

0.8

55.1

44,820

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Medical assistants

31-9092

Line item

764.4

870.2

105.9

13.9

0.1

114.6

38,270

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Medical equipment preparers

31-9093

Line item

66.7

70.3

3.6

5.4

2.4

9.5

41,480

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Medical transcriptionists

31-9094

Line item

49.0

47.2

-1.8

-3.8

8.1

34,730

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Pharmacy aides

31-9095

Line item

43.7

42.4

-1.2

-2.8

7.5

33,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers

31-9096

Line item

114.8

138.3

23.5

20.5

26.8

34,740

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Phlebotomists

31-9097

Line item

139.4

150.2

10.8

7.7

0.3

19.5

38,530

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Healthcare support workers, all other

31-9099

Line item

112.7

119.1

6.4

5.7

1.8

16.0

40,420

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Protective service occupations

33-0000

Summary

3,568.4

3,579.8

11.4

0.3

0.3

409.5

45,450

Supervisors of protective service workers

33-1000

Summary

370.2

374.5

4.3

1.1

0.3

27.2

75,750

First-line supervisors of law enforcement workers

33-1010

Summary

196.4

199.1

2.7

1.4

14.0

84,350

First-line supervisors of correctional officers

33-1011

Line item

58.5

56.9

-1.6

-2.7

4.4

63,310

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of police and detectives

33-1012

Line item

137.9

142.2

4.3

3.1

9.5

96,290

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

First-line supervisors of firefighting and prevention workers

33-1021

Line item

87.1

90.2

3.1

3.6

5.7

80,150

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous first-line supervisors, protective service workers

33-1090

Summary

86.7

85.2

-1.6

-1.8

1.1

7.6

52,850

First-line supervisors of security workers

33-1091

Line item

62.2

59.8

-2.4

-3.9

1.3

5.3

48,810

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other

33-1099

Line item

24.5

25.3

0.8

3.4

0.7

2.3

61,030

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Firefighting and prevention workers

33-2000

Summary

351.6

364.6

12.9

3.7

0.2

28.0

52,740

Firefighters

33-2011

Line item

334.2

346.2

12.0

3.6

0.2

26.4

51,680

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Fire inspectors

33-2020

Summary

17.4

18.4

0.9

5.3

1.6

65,800

Fire inspectors and investigators

33-2021

Line item

15.0

15.6

0.6

3.7

1.3

69,450

Postsecondary nondegree award

5 years or more

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists

33-2022

Line item

2.4

2.8

0.4

14.8

0.3

48,110

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Law enforcement workers

33-3000

Summary

1,213.4

1,208.1

-5.3

-0.4

0.1

96.3

61,680

Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers

33-3010

Summary

395.7

366.7

-29.0

-7.3

30.9

49,610

Bailiffs

33-3011

Line item

17.1

16.8

-0.4

-2.3

2.3

49,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Correctional officers and jailers

33-3012

Line item

378.5

349.9

-28.6

-7.5

28.6

49,610

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Detectives and criminal investigators

33-3021

Line item

114.4

116.1

1.7

1.5

0.6

8.6

86,280

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Fish and game wardens

33-3031

Line item

6.9

6.5

-0.4

-6.3

0.7

59,500

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Parking enforcement workers

33-3041

Line item

9.0

8.9

-0.1

-1.4

0.9

41,570

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Police officers

33-3050

Summary

687.4

710.0

22.6

3.3

55.3

65,810

Police and sheriff's patrol officers

33-3051

Line item

684.0

706.5

22.5

3.3

55.0

65,790

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Transit and railroad police

33-3052

Line item

3.4

3.5

0.1

3.2

0.3

69,150

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Other protective service workers

33-9000

Summary

1,633.2

1,632.7

-0.5

0.0

0.5

258.0

34,650

Animal control workers

33-9011

Line item

11.9

12.4

0.5

4.0

1.2

39,320

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Private detectives and investigators

33-9021

Line item

38.3

40.6

2.3

6.1

15.5

3.8

52,120

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Security guards and gambling surveillance officers

33-9030

Summary

1,166.7

1,151.9

-14.8

-1.3

0.1

151.7

34,770

Gambling surveillance officers and gambling investigators

33-9031

Line item

10.8

10.9

0.1

0.6

1.4

35,970

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Security guards

33-9032

Line item

1,155.9

1,141.0

-14.9

-1.3

0.1

150.3

34,750

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous protective service workers

33-9090

Summary

416.3

427.8

11.5

2.8

0.1

101.3

32,870

Crossing guards and flaggers

33-9091

Line item

94.1

98.0

3.8

4.1

21.8

33,380

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers

33-9092

Line item

113.5

120.5

7.0

6.2

35.0

27,270

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Transportation security screeners

33-9093

Line item

51.3

51.3

0.0

0.0

4.7

47,710

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

School bus monitors

33-9094

Line item

62.4

60.1

-2.2

-3.6

0.5

11.2

29,880

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Protective service workers, all other

33-9099

Line item

95.0

97.9

2.9

3.0

28.6

36,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food preparation and serving related occupations

35-0000

Summary

12,965.9

13,191.5

225.6

1.7

0.6

2,480.3

29,640

Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

35-1000

Summary

1,396.1

1,465.4

69.3

5.0

1.9

210.9

37,930

Chefs and head cooks

35-1011

Line item

174.4

183.6

9.2

5.3

4.0

22.0

56,520

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

35-1012

Line item

1,221.7

1,281.8

60.0

4.9

1.6

188.9

37,050

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Cooks and food preparation workers

35-2000

Summary

3,661.1

3,791.6

130.5

3.6

0.8

596.4

30,590

Cooks

35-2010

Summary

2,729.3

2,904.5

175.3

6.4

0.9

439.3

30,910

Cooks, fast food

35-2011

Line item

742.0

640.4

-101.6

-13.7

93.3

27,640

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, institution and cafeteria

35-2012

Line item

434.5

443.4

8.9

2.1

66.6

32,510

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, private household

35-2013

Line item

34.0

32.1

-1.9

-5.5

73.3

4.8

38,570

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

None

Cooks, restaurant

35-2014

Line item

1,361.2

1,638.9

277.6

20.4

252.4

34,110

No formal educational credential

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cooks, short order

35-2015

Line item

137.4

128.9

-8.4

-6.1

19.1

30,360

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, all other

35-2019

Line item

20.2

20.8

0.6

3.2

3.1

33,390

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food preparation workers

35-2021

Line item

931.8

887.0

-44.8

-4.8

0.4

157.1

29,790

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food and beverage serving workers

35-3000

Summary

6,504.1

6,515.3

11.2

0.2

0.2

1,386.5

28,440

Bartenders

35-3011

Line item

641.3

662.6

21.3

3.3

0.3

113.5

29,380

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Fast food and counter workers

35-3023

Line item

3,410.1

3,460.5

50.4

1.5

0.1

789.3

27,930

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Waiters and waitresses

35-3031

Line item

2,194.1

2,125.5

-68.6

-3.1

0.3

440.0

29,120

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food servers, nonrestaurant

35-3041

Line item

258.6

266.6

8.1

3.1

0.3

43.7

30,300

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other food preparation and serving related workers

35-9000

Summary

1,404.6

1,419.3

14.7

1.0

0.6

286.6

28,750

Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers

35-9011

Line item

459.2

478.4

19.2

4.2

1.1

89.1

29,120

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Dishwashers

35-9021

Line item

447.1

436.9

-10.2

-2.3

0.5

75.1

29,080

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop

35-9031

Line item

412.8

414.9

2.0

0.5

0.2

104.2

27,720

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food preparation and serving related workers, all other

35-9099

Line item

85.4

89.1

3.7

4.3

18.3

30,840

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

37-0000

Summary

5,501.2

5,594.1

92.9

1.7

12.4

752.6

33,870

Supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers

37-1000

Summary

485.8

499.6

13.8

2.8

38.6

54.7

47,230

First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers

37-1011

Line item

254.9

262.6

7.7

3.0

31.3

30.4

44,440

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers

37-1012

Line item

230.9

237.0

6.1

2.6

46.6

24.3

50,810

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Building cleaning and pest control workers

37-2000

Summary

3,733.8

3,768.7

34.9

0.9

6.4

527.5

31,600

Building cleaning workers

37-2010

Summary

3,638.8

3,670.7

31.9

0.9

6.5

514.9

31,350

Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners

37-2011

Line item

2,382.9

2,412.8

29.9

1.3

5.3

336.7

31,990

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Maids and housekeeping cleaners

37-2012

Line item

1,238.8

1,240.4

1.6

0.1

8.8

175.7

29,960

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Building cleaning workers, all other

37-2019

Line item

17.1

17.5

0.4

2.5

6.6

2.5

37,200

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pest control workers

37-2021

Line item

95.0

98.0

3.0

3.1

2.8

12.6

38,310

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Grounds maintenance workers

37-3000

Summary

1,281.6

1,325.8

44.2

3.5

20.1

170.3

36,160

Landscaping and groundskeeping workers

37-3011

Line item

1,176.1

1,217.9

41.7

3.5

20.3

156.6

35,890

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation

37-3012

Line item

23.2

23.7

0.5

2.0

0.4

3.0

41,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tree trimmers and pruners

37-3013

Line item

66.0

67.6

1.7

2.5

27.6

8.6

47,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Grounds maintenance workers, all other

37-3019

Line item

16.3

16.6

0.4

2.2

2.1

39,520

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Personal care and service occupations

39-0000

Summary

4,115.9

4,365.2

249.3

6.1

21.8

752.7

31,340

Supervisors of personal care and service workers

39-1000

Summary

303.2

326.1

22.9

7.5

28.8

36.0

45,350

First-line supervisors of entertainment and recreation workers

39-1010

Summary

144.2

154.0

9.7

6.7

26.5

17.0

46,730

First-line supervisors of gambling services workers

39-1013

Line item

29.7

30.6

1.0

3.2

24.1

3.3

56,290

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of entertainment and recreation workers, except gambling services

39-1014

Line item

114.6

123.3

8.8

7.7

27.1

13.6

44,660

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of personal service workers

39-1022

Line item

159.0

172.1

13.1

8.3

30.9

19.1

43,680

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Animal care and service workers

39-2000

Summary

393.1

454.3

61.2

15.6

23.8

79.9

29,790

Animal trainers

39-2011

Line item

54.1

62.8

8.7

16.0

54.4

9.0

35,620

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Animal caretakers

39-2021

Line item

339.0

391.5

52.5

15.5

18.9

70.9

29,530

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Entertainment attendants and related workers

39-3000

Summary

573.8

591.7

17.9

3.1

1.0

154.1

28,060

Gambling services workers

39-3010

Summary

97.1

97.7

0.6

0.6

2.8

15.5

29,120

Gambling dealers

39-3011

Line item

75.6

76.4

0.8

1.0

2.7

12.1

29,120

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Gambling and sports book writers and runners

39-3012

Line item

8.4

8.1

-0.3

-4.0

3.1

1.3

28,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Gambling service workers, all other

39-3019

Line item

13.1

13.2

0.1

0.8

2.8

2.1

30,350

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Motion picture projectionists

39-3021

Line item

2.1

1.9

-0.2

-9.6

0.5

33,360

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers

39-3031

Line item

106.6

108.3

1.7

1.6

31.5

27,650

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers

39-3090

Summary

368.0

383.9

15.9

4.3

0.9

106.6

27,930

Amusement and recreation attendants

39-3091

Line item

343.8

358.1

14.4

4.2

0.9

99.4

27,780

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Costume attendants

39-3092

Line item

6.1

6.4

0.3

5.0

1.0

1.8

48,470

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants

39-3093

Line item

12.9

13.8

0.9

7.0

0.9

3.8

30,210

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other

39-3099

Line item

5.2

5.5

0.3

5.4

1.5

27,260

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Funeral service workers

39-4000

Summary

64.6

66.6

2.0

3.1

0.5

9.0

37,310

Embalmers and crematory operators

39-4010

Summary

6.9

7.1

0.1

2.1

1.0

46,290

Embalmers

39-4011

Line item

4.0

4.0

0.0

0.9

0.6

49,910

Associate's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Crematory operators

39-4012

Line item

3.0

3.1

0.1

3.9

0.4

40,360

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Funeral attendants

39-4021

Line item

33.2

34.2

0.9

2.8

4.9

31,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Morticians, undertakers, and funeral arrangers

39-4031

Line item

24.5

25.4

0.9

3.7

1.3

3.0

51,570

Associate's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Personal appearance workers

39-5000

Summary

913.6

987.1

73.4

8.0

42.5

130.2

33,270

Barbers, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists

39-5010

Summary

618.9

666.1

47.2

7.6

49.4

89.4

33,400

Barbers

39-5011

Line item

63.1

67.6

4.4

7.0

79.0

7.3

34,990

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists

39-5012

Line item

555.8

598.6

42.8

7.7

46.0

82.0

33,290

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Miscellaneous personal appearance workers

39-5090

Summary

294.7

321.0

26.2

8.9

28.0

40.8

33,000

Makeup artists, theatrical and performance

39-5091

Line item

4.6

4.9

0.4

8.6

32.9

0.8

96,370

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Manicurists and pedicurists

39-5092

Line item

196.9

214.0

17.1

8.7

29.4

25.5

31,130

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Shampooers

39-5093

Line item

11.3

12.6

1.3

11.2

33.4

2.1

27,860

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Skincare specialists

39-5094

Line item

82.0

89.4

7.5

9.1

23.5

12.4

38,060

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges

39-6000

Summary

66.4

70.3

3.9

5.9

11.1

33,870

Baggage porters and bellhops

39-6011

Line item

27.7

29.4

1.7

6.3

4.7

31,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Concierges

39-6012

Line item

38.7

40.9

2.2

5.6

6.5

35,560

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tour and travel guides

39-7000

Summary

53.6

58.0

4.3

8.1

17.4

12.2

34,440

Tour and travel guides

39-7010

Line item

53.6

58.0

4.3

8.1

17.4

12.2

34,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Other personal care and service workers

39-9000

Summary

1,747.4

1,811.1

63.6

3.6

18.0

320.3

31,570

Childcare workers

39-9011

Line item

945.9

927.4

-18.5

-2.0

24.4

153.1

28,520

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Recreation and fitness workers

39-9030

Summary

618.8

677.4

58.5

9.5

10.4

130.7

35,170

Exercise trainers and group fitness instructors

39-9031

Line item

329.5

374.6

45.2

13.7

19.3

69.0

45,380

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Recreation workers

39-9032

Line item

289.4

302.7

13.4

4.6

0.3

61.7

31,680

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Residential advisors

39-9041

Line item

95.7

101.4

5.7

6.0

2.2

17.6

35,720

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Personal care and service workers, all other

39-9099

Line item

87.0

104.9

17.9

20.5

20.2

18.9

34,670

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sales and related occupations

41-0000

Summary

14,476.4

14,102.0

-374.5

-2.6

7.8

1,806.9

35,290

Supervisors of sales workers

41-1000

Summary

1,770.2

1,668.2

-102.0

-5.8

24.1

152.0

47,800

First-line supervisors of retail sales workers

41-1011

Line item

1,405.8

1,311.8

-94.0

-6.7

21.7

123.7

45,250

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers

41-1012

Line item

364.4

356.4

-8.0

-2.2

33.1

28.2

82,850

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Retail sales workers

41-2000

Summary

7,777.8

7,362.3

-415.4

-5.3

2.0

1,189.9

29,660

Cashiers

41-2010

Summary

3,365.2

3,016.0

-349.2

-10.4

0.5

581.2

28,250

Cashiers

41-2011

Line item

3,345.8

2,997.7

-348.1

-10.4

0.5

577.6

28,240

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Gambling change persons and booth cashiers

41-2012

Line item

19.4

18.3

-1.1

-5.6

3.5

30,010

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Counter and rental clerks and parts salespersons

41-2020

Summary

646.9

659.9

12.9

2.0

0.9

77.1

35,820

Counter and rental clerks

41-2021

Line item

380.8

391.2

10.4

2.7

0.8

45.7

35,830

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Parts salespersons

41-2022

Line item

266.1

268.7

2.6

1.0

1.0

31.4

35,800

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Retail salespersons

41-2031

Line item

3,765.6

3,686.4

-79.1

-2.1

3.6

531.7

30,600

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, services

41-3000

Summary

2,309.8

2,428.0

118.1

5.1

5.1

218.1

61,180

Advertising sales agents

41-3011

Line item

111.4

103.4

-8.0

-7.2

3.6

10.5

58,450

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Insurance sales agents

41-3021

Line item

536.8

579.3

42.5

7.9

11.1

48.3

57,860

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents

41-3031

Line item

482.2

517.7

35.6

7.4

5.9

40.1

67,480

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Travel agents

41-3041

Line item

66.3

68.6

2.3

3.5

17.8

8.6

46,400

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives of services, except advertising, insurance, financial services, and travel

41-3091

Line item

1,113.2

1,158.9

45.7

4.1

1.3

110.6

62,400

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing

41-4000

Summary

1,649.9

1,670.4

20.5

1.2

2.7

148.0

67,750

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products

41-4011

Line item

305.6

317.1

11.4

3.7

2.7

28.5

97,710

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and scientific products

41-4012

Line item

1,344.3

1,353.4

9.1

0.7

2.7

119.5

63,230

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Other sales and related workers

41-9000

Summary

968.7

973.0

4.3

0.4

39.4

99.0

45,970

Models, demonstrators, and product promoters

41-9010

Summary

47.1

48.9

1.8

3.8

2.2

8.9

34,840

Demonstrators and product promoters

41-9011

Line item

45.0

46.8

1.8

4.0

2.3

8.5

34,770

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Models

41-9012

Line item

2.2

2.2

0.0

0.5

0.4

43,130

No formal educational credential

None

None

Real estate brokers and sales agents

41-9020

Summary

589.8

609.2

19.4

3.3

57.5

51.6

52,030

Real estate brokers

41-9021

Line item

127.2

131.6

4.4

3.5

58.0

11.2

62,190

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Real estate sales agents

41-9022

Line item

462.6

477.6

14.9

3.2

57.3

40.5

49,980

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales engineers

41-9031

Line item

60.9

63.8

2.9

4.7

0.5

5.9

108,530

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Telemarketers

41-9041

Line item

97.7

77.6

-20.1

-20.6

0.9

9.8

31,030

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous sales and related workers

41-9090

Summary

173.2

173.5

0.3

0.2

23.3

22.8

42,220

Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers

41-9091

Line item

36.4

30.6

-5.8

-15.9

76.1

4.0

31,100

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sales and related workers, all other

41-9099

Line item

136.8

142.9

6.1

4.5

9.2

18.8

44,120

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Office and administrative support occupations

43-0000

Summary

19,891.4

18,663.8

-1,227.6

-6.2

1.9

2,059.8

40,910

Supervisors of office and administrative support workers

43-1000

Summary

1,567.2

1,486.4

-80.7

-5.2

0.8

137.7

61,370

First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers

43-1011

Line item

1,567.2

1,486.4

-80.7

-5.2

0.8

137.7

61,370

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Communications equipment operators

43-2000

Summary

54.3

41.1

-13.1

-24.2

0.9

3.6

35,020

Switchboard operators, including answering service

43-2011

Line item

48.4

36.2

-12.1

-25.1

2.9

34,670

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Telephone operators

43-2021

Line item

4.1

3.0

-1.1

-26.6

0.4

38,330

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Communications equipment operators, all other

43-2099

Line item

1.8

1.9

0.1

5.9

26.4

0.3

46,180

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Financial clerks

43-3000

Summary

3,052.5

2,839.0

-213.5

-7.0

2.7

302.2

43,680

Bill and account collectors

43-3011

Line item

209.7

189.6

-20.1

-9.6

2.3

19.2

39,470

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Billing and posting clerks

43-3021

Line item

456.3

456.4

0.1

0.0

0.7

46.7

42,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks

43-3031

Line item

1,735.8

1,627.5

-108.3

-6.2

4.1

183.9

45,860

Some college, no degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Gambling cage workers

43-3041

Line item

12.2

11.5

-0.7

-5.4

0.8

1.1

31,720

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Payroll and timekeeping clerks

43-3051

Line item

165.4

138.3

-27.2

-16.4

0.8

12.5

49,630

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Procurement clerks

43-3061

Line item

65.3

60.4

-4.9

-7.6

5.4

45,240

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tellers

43-3071

Line item

364.1

311.1

-52.9

-14.5

0.0

29.0

36,380

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Financial clerks, all other

43-3099

Line item

43.7

44.2

0.5

1.1

1.5

4.5

47,130

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Information and record clerks

43-4000

Summary

5,871.0

5,639.3

-231.7

-3.9

1.0

712.4

37,440

Brokerage clerks

43-4011

Line item

43.7

39.8

-3.9

-8.9

0.6

4.3

54,680

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Correspondence clerks

43-4021

Line item

6.0

5.6

-0.4

-5.9

12.5

0.6

38,700

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Court, municipal, and license clerks

43-4031

Line item

170.6

175.7

5.1

3.0

2.6

17.7

44,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks

43-4041

Line item

16.4

15.5

-1.0

-5.8

1.2

44,830

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Customer service representatives

43-4051

Line item

2,982.9

2,820.2

-162.7

-5.5

0.6

373.4

37,780

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Eligibility interviewers, government programs

43-4061

Line item

157.5

161.0

3.5

2.2

14.1

49,230

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

File clerks

43-4071

Line item

91.1

76.5

-14.6

-16.0

0.8

8.8

37,290

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

43-4081

Line item

257.7

251.1

-6.6

-2.6

0.4

39.8

28,910

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Interviewers, except eligibility and loan

43-4111

Line item

175.4

157.6

-17.7

-10.1

0.3

18.2

38,700

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Library assistants, clerical

43-4121

Line item

82.9

78.2

-4.8

-5.8

0.8

13.5

31,150

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Loan interviewers and clerks

43-4131

Line item

247.1

244.6

-2.5

-1.0

0.8

20.0

46,490

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

New accounts clerks

43-4141

Line item

46.6

39.8

-6.7

-14.4

3.2

40,820

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Order clerks

43-4151

Line item

132.8

108.6

-24.2

-18.2

13.7

11.2

38,060

Some college, no degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping

43-4161

Line item

107.6

102.4

-5.2

-4.9

0.6

11.1

45,930

Associate's degree

None

None

Receptionists and information clerks

43-4171

Line item

1,068.8

1,072.7

3.9

0.4

1.3

142.6

33,960

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks

43-4181

Line item

123.0

124.6

1.6

1.3

0.5

13.8

39,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Information and record clerks, all other

43-4199

Line item

161.1

165.4

4.3

2.7

0.2

18.9

44,720

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers

43-5000

Summary

2,467.9

2,382.9

-84.9

-3.4

5.9

226.0

44,580

Cargo and freight agents

43-5011

Line item

95.9

105.2

9.3

9.7

0.8

11.0

46,860

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Couriers and messengers

43-5021

Line item

217.1

220.6

3.5

1.6

63.9

23.7

35,280

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Dispatchers

43-5030

Summary

314.3

315.4

1.1

0.3

1.0

30.1

45,550

Public safety telecommunicators

43-5031

Line item

99.5

102.9

3.4

3.4

10.4

46,900

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance

43-5032

Line item

214.8

212.5

-2.3

-1.1

1.5

19.7

44,830

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Meter readers, utilities

43-5041

Line item

21.1

18.5

-2.6

-12.2

1.4

44,760

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Postal service workers

43-5050

Summary

504.3

465.3

-39.0

-7.7

34.4

53,680

Postal service clerks

43-5051

Line item

74.8

69.8

-5.0

-6.7

5.6

56,200

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Postal service mail carriers

43-5052

Line item

314.5

293.5

-21.0

-6.7

20.6

54,250

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

43-5053

Line item

115.0

102.1

-13.0

-11.3

8.2

49,130

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Production, planning, and expediting clerks

43-5061

Line item

396.8

413.3

16.5

4.2

0.1

42.7

50,630

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Shipping, receiving, and inventory clerks

43-5071

Line item

862.9

790.6

-72.2

-8.4

0.4

76.1

37,760

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping

43-5111

Line item

55.6

54.0

-1.6

-2.8

6.5

39,950

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Secretaries and administrative assistants

43-6000

Summary

3,399.2

3,066.6

-332.6

-9.8

1.1

316.0

44,080

Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants

43-6011

Line item

511.1

403.0

-108.1

-21.1

0.4

35.6

65,980

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Legal secretaries and administrative assistants

43-6012

Line item

161.4

126.2

-35.3

-21.8

0.2

12.7

48,780

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Medical secretaries and administrative assistants

43-6013

Line item

696.6

743.2

46.6

6.7

79.3

38,500

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive

43-6014

Line item

2,030.2

1,794.3

-235.9

-11.6

1.7

188.4

41,000

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other office and administrative support workers

43-9000

Summary

3,479.4

3,208.4

-271.0

-7.8

1.3

362.0

38,290

Data entry and information processing workers

43-9020

Summary

209.6

149.5

-60.1

-28.7

1.9

15.3

37,270

Data entry keyers

43-9021

Line item

165.6

122.5

-43.1

-26.0

2.0

12.3

36,190

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Word processors and typists

43-9022

Line item

44.0

27.0

-17.0

-38.6

1.8

3.0

44,330

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Desktop publishers

43-9031

Line item

8.5

7.4

-1.1

-13.5

17.3

0.7

47,910

Associate's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Insurance claims and policy processing clerks

43-9041

Line item

259.0

250.8

-8.2

-3.2

0.4

22.1

46,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service

43-9051

Line item

72.8

69.4

-3.4

-4.7

1.7

8.9

35,070

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Office clerks, general

43-9061

Line item

2,668.2

2,492.8

-175.4

-6.6

0.5

290.1

38,040

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Office machine operators, except computer

43-9071

Line item

31.6

27.1

-4.5

-14.2

3.5

36,710

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Proofreaders and copy markers

43-9081

Line item

7.2

6.9

-0.3

-3.9

18.7

0.9

45,410

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Statistical assistants

43-9111

Line item

7.4

7.2

-0.1

-1.7

0.6

48,880

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Office and administrative support workers, all other

43-9199

Line item

215.1

197.3

-17.8

-8.3

9.9

19.8

38,660

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

45-0000

Summary

996.4

977.2

-19.2

-1.9

6.7

142.0

33,970

Supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers

45-1000

Summary

56.6

58.1

1.5

2.7

8.9

7.7

54,490

First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers

45-1011

Line item

56.6

58.1

1.5

2.7

8.9

7.7

54,490

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Agricultural workers

45-2000

Summary

848.8

831.6

-17.2

-2.0

4.3

122.0

33,410

Agricultural inspectors

45-2011

Line item

14.1

14.4

0.3

2.0

1.4

2.3

44,720

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Animal breeders

45-2021

Line item

6.5

6.6

0.1

2.1

2.0

1.0

45,320

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Graders and sorters, agricultural products

45-2041

Line item

30.1

28.5

-1.5

-5.1

4.1

32,550

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous agricultural workers

45-2090

Summary

798.1

782.0

-16.1

-2.0

4.5

114.7

33,290

Agricultural equipment operators

45-2091

Line item

64.0

69.5

5.5

8.6

4.6

10.4

37,780

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse

45-2092

Line item

523.5

512.2

-11.3

-2.2

5.6

75.1

33,000

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals

45-2093

Line item

199.4

188.9

-10.5

-5.3

1.6

27.5

34,150

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Agricultural workers, all other

45-2099

Line item

11.2

11.4

0.2

1.8

4.5

1.7

35,720

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Fishing and hunting workers

45-3000

Summary

27.3

27.2

-0.1

-0.4

36.3

3.5

Fishing and hunting workers

45-3031

Line item

27.3

27.2

-0.1

-0.4

36.3

3.5

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Forest, conservation, and logging workers

45-4000

Summary

63.6

60.2

-3.4

-5.3

24.5

8.9

45,050

Forest and conservation workers

45-4011

Line item

11.3

10.3

-1.0

-8.7

9.2

1.8

32,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Logging workers

45-4020

Summary

52.3

49.9

-2.4

-4.6

27.8

7.1

46,580

Fallers

45-4021

Line item

6.5

5.9

-0.6

-9.4

27.6

0.8

49,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Logging equipment operators

45-4022

Line item

35.3

34.0

-1.3

-3.8

27.8

4.8

46,400

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Log graders and scalers

45-4023

Line item

5.6

5.5

-0.1

-1.6

27.8

0.8

42,370

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Logging workers, all other

45-4029

Line item

4.9

4.6

-0.3

-7.0

28.2

0.6

47,110

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Construction and extraction occupations

47-0000

Summary

7,335.5

7,520.6

185.1

2.5

16.1

646.1

50,570

Supervisors of construction and extraction workers

47-1000

Summary

809.9

830.3

20.4

2.5

10.0

66.6

74,080

First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

47-1011

Line item

809.9

830.3

20.4

2.5

10.0

66.6

74,080

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

Construction trades workers

47-2000

Summary

5,629.0

5,786.1

157.1

2.8

19.0

488.1

49,330

Boilermakers

47-2011

Line item

13.7

13.1

-0.5

-4.0

1.1

66,920

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons

47-2020

Summary

86.5

86.0

-0.5

-0.5

24.1

6.8

58,290

Brickmasons and blockmasons

47-2021

Line item

73.0

73.3

0.3

0.5

24.0

5.9

59,000

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Stonemasons

47-2022

Line item

13.5

12.7

-0.8

-5.9

24.2

1.0

50,210

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Carpenters

47-2031

Line item

956.3

964.9

8.6

0.9

26.7

79.5

51,390

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers

47-2040

Summary

120.9

124.4

3.5

2.9

30.0

9.8

47,890

Carpet installers

47-2041

Line item

25.1

22.3

-2.8

-11.1

30.2

1.5

45,240

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles

47-2042

Line item

30.2

32.3

2.2

7.3

30.0

2.6

48,870

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Floor sanders and finishers

47-2043

Line item

6.2

6.2

0.0

0.1

30.0

0.5

46,060

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tile and stone setters

47-2044

Line item

59.4

63.5

4.1

6.9

29.9

5.1

48,340

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers

47-2050

Summary

207.7

199.3

-8.5

-4.1

4.2

14.3

48,330

Cement masons and concrete finishers

47-2051

Line item

206.2

197.9

-8.3

-4.0

4.2

14.2

48,300

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Terrazzo workers and finishers

47-2053

Line item

1.6

1.4

-0.2

-12.2

4.1

0.1

52,330

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Construction laborers

47-2061

Line item

1,418.6

1,480.5

61.9

4.4

28.3

129.4

40,750

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Construction equipment operators

47-2070

Summary

483.3

496.6

13.3

2.7

2.1

42.3

51,050

Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators

47-2071

Line item

42.3

43.9

1.6

3.7

2.3

3.8

47,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Pile driver operators

47-2072

Line item

3.3

3.4

0.1

3.2

2.6

0.3

64,310

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

47-2073

Line item

437.6

449.2

11.6

2.7

2.1

38.2

51,430

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers

47-2080

Summary

134.5

135.9

1.4

1.1

21.7

9.0

51,160

Drywall and ceiling tile installers

47-2081

Line item

116.4

118.2

1.9

1.6

21.7

7.9

50,440

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tapers

47-2082

Line item

18.1

17.7

-0.4

-2.3

21.7

1.1

62,360

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electricians

47-2111

Line item

762.6

811.8

49.2

6.4

7.9

73.5

60,240

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Glaziers

47-2121

Line item

54.5

55.7

1.2

2.2

5.5

5.5

48,720

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Insulation workers

47-2130

Summary

61.6

62.6

1.0

1.7

3.7

4.8

47,980

Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall

47-2131

Line item

34.4

35.0

0.6

1.7

3.8

2.7

45,380

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Insulation workers, mechanical

47-2132

Line item

27.2

27.6

0.5

1.7

3.6

2.1

50,590

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Painters and paperhangers

47-2140

Summary

376.3

382.0

5.7

1.5

41.3

29.6

46,090

Painters, construction and maintenance

47-2141

Line item

372.4

377.9

5.5

1.5

41.3

29.3

46,090

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Paperhangers

47-2142

Line item

3.9

4.0

0.1

3.7

42.2

0.3

44,930

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

47-2150

Summary

520.7

529.9

9.2

1.8

9.1

45.2

59,320

Pipelayers

47-2151

Line item

38.0

36.3

-1.7

-4.4

2.4

2.6

45,990

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

47-2152

Line item

482.7

493.6

10.9

2.3

9.6

42.6

60,090

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Plasterers and stucco masons

47-2161

Line item

27.3

27.9

0.6

2.1

5.4

2.0

49,730

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Reinforcing iron and rebar workers

47-2171

Line item

22.8

23.1

0.3

1.2

24.3

1.9

51,070

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Roofers

47-2181

Line item

154.5

157.6

3.1

2.0

14.1

12.2

47,920

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sheet metal workers

47-2211

Line item

126.2

126.0

-0.2

-0.1

2.6

11.4

55,350

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Structural iron and steel workers

47-2221

Line item

71.6

72.9

1.3

1.8

6.4

6.3

60,500

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Solar photovoltaic installers

47-2231

Line item

29.4

35.9

6.6

22.3

5.3

3.5

45,230

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers, construction trades

47-3000

Summary

206.2

202.2

-4.0

-2.0

0.6

22.0

37,180

Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters

47-3011

Line item

17.9

15.9

-2.0

-10.9

0.6

1.7

39,430

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--carpenters

47-3012

Line item

25.1

23.7

-1.3

-5.3

0.6

2.5

37,490

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--electricians

47-3013

Line item

72.5

70.0

-2.5

-3.5

0.6

7.6

37,070

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons

47-3014

Line item

8.7

8.9

0.1

1.5

0.6

1.0

36,080

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

47-3015

Line item

47.8

48.9

1.1

2.3

0.6

5.4

36,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--roofers

47-3016

Line item

5.9

6.0

0.1

2.0

0.7

37,020

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers, construction trades, all other

47-3019

Line item

28.3

28.8

0.4

1.6

0.6

3.2

37,820

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other construction and related workers

47-4000

Summary

480.9

494.3

13.4

2.8

5.4

48.3

49,660

Construction and building inspectors

47-4011

Line item

142.4

140.2

-2.2

-1.5

7.1

15.7

64,480

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Elevator and escalator installers and repairers

47-4021

Line item

25.1

25.5

0.4

1.5

2.1

99,000

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Fence erectors

47-4031

Line item

35.2

34.9

-0.3

-0.7

24.0

2.9

39,840

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Hazardous materials removal workers

47-4041

Line item

48.7

49.1

0.4

0.8

2.9

5.2

46,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Highway maintenance workers

47-4051

Line item

151.2

163.2

12.0

7.9

1.7

15.2

44,930

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators

47-4061

Line item

16.5

16.7

0.2

1.4

1.2

63,230

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners

47-4071

Line item

29.5

31.7

2.2

7.4

5.4

3.0

45,610

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous construction and related workers

47-4090

Line item

32.3

33.0

0.6

2.0

6.3

3.0

44,890

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Extraction workers

47-5000

Summary

209.5

207.8

-1.7

-0.8

2.9

21.1

49,330

Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil and gas

47-5010

Summary

64.6

64.7

0.1

0.2

2.2

6.5

51,050

Derrick operators, oil and gas

47-5011

Line item

11.9

11.9

0.1

0.5

2.2

1.2

51,220

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Rotary drill operators, oil and gas

47-5012

Line item

13.2

13.2

0.0

0.1

2.2

1.3

55,260

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Service unit operators, oil and gas

47-5013

Line item

39.5

39.5

0.1

0.1

2.2

4.0

50,140

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Surface mining machine operators and earth drillers

47-5020

Summary

56.8

55.8

-0.9

-1.7

6.1

5.5

49,590

Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators, surface mining

47-5022

Line item

36.4

35.0

-1.4

-3.8

6.0

3.4

48,350

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Earth drillers, except oil and gas

47-5023

Line item

20.4

20.8

0.4

2.2

6.1

2.1

51,740

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Long-term on-the-job training

Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters

47-5032

Line item

4.9

4.9

0.1

1.1

0.4

56,670

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Long-term on-the-job training

Underground mining machine operators

47-5040

Summary

23.4

21.2

-2.2

-9.3

0.6

2.2

60,670

Continuous mining machine operators

47-5041

Line item

13.9

13.5

-0.4

-3.2

0.6

1.4

57,360

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Roof bolters, mining

47-5043

Line item

1.8

1.3

-0.5

-28.5

0.1

60,210

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Loading and moving machine operators, underground mining

47-5044

Line item

5.4

4.4

-1.0

-17.7

0.4

63,920

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Underground mining machine operators, all other

47-5049

Line item

2.3

2.0

-0.3

-12.5

0.2

64,180

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rock splitters, quarry

47-5051

Line item

4.1

4.1

0.1

1.9

0.5

46,010

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Roustabouts, oil and gas

47-5071

Line item

42.1

43.3

1.2

2.9

2.2

4.4

43,590

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers--extraction workers

47-5081

Line item

7.2

7.2

0.1

0.8

0.8

43,110

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Extraction workers, all other

47-5099

Line item

6.6

6.4

-0.1

-1.8

0.7

51,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

49-0000

Summary

6,315.3

6,543.7

228.4

3.6

4.7

582.1

50,080

Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers

49-1000

Summary

576.2

590.2

14.0

2.4

0.0

49.2

73,140

First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-1011

Line item

576.2

590.2

14.0

2.4

0.0

49.2

73,140

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-2000

Summary

527.5

528.0

0.5

0.1

4.8

50.5

56,950

Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers

49-2011

Line item

96.4

86.0

-10.4

-10.8

13.9

7.7

44,910

Some college, no degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers

49-2020

Summary

187.1

198.6

11.4

6.1

2.2

20.5

59,940

Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairers

49-2021

Line item

13.5

13.9

0.5

3.4

2.0

1.4

59,720

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers

49-2022

Line item

173.7

184.7

11.0

6.3

2.2

19.1

59,960

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-2090

Summary

244.0

243.4

-0.6

-0.2

3.2

22.3

59,270

Avionics technicians

49-2091

Line item

20.8

21.7

0.9

4.3

1.9

75,450

Associate's degree

None

None

Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers

49-2092

Line item

16.1

16.5

0.4

2.5

2.8

1.3

48,260

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment

49-2093

Line item

7.9

8.3

0.4

4.8

0.7

73,630

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment

49-2094

Line item

53.6

53.2

-0.4

-0.7

0.5

4.4

64,030

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay

49-2095

Line item

26.1

25.4

-0.7

-2.7

0.5

2.1

93,720

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles

49-2096

Line item

9.7

7.9

-1.7

-18.0

0.6

0.6

41,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Audiovisual equipment installers and repairers

49-2097

Line item

26.9

25.2

-1.8

-6.5

16.4

2.3

44,960

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Security and fire alarm systems installers

49-2098

Line item

83.0

85.3

2.3

2.8

2.8

8.9

50,130

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-3000

Summary

1,847.8

1,890.4

42.5

2.3

9.2

163.7

48,630

Aircraft mechanics and service technicians

49-3011

Line item

140.2

146.2

6.1

4.3

1.2

10.9

70,010

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Automotive technicians and repairers

49-3020

Summary

957.4

972.4

15.0

1.6

13.5

82.8

47,040

Automotive body and related repairers

49-3021

Line item

153.3

155.2

1.9

1.2

8.0

13.4

47,670

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Automotive glass installers and repairers

49-3022

Line item

21.9

22.2

0.4

1.7

19.4

1.7

43,700

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Automotive service technicians and mechanics

49-3023

Line item

782.2

795.0

12.8

1.6

14.4

67.7

46,970

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists

49-3031

Line item

291.6

294.1

2.5

0.9

4.6

24.3

54,360

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics

49-3040

Summary

234.8

247.8

13.0

5.5

4.9

21.1

58,350

Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians

49-3041

Line item

45.6

49.3

3.7

8.1

4.5

4.3

48,010

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines

49-3042

Line item

169.1

177.6

8.6

5.1

5.0

15.1

59,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Rail car repairers

49-3043

Line item

20.1

20.8

0.7

3.6

4.9

1.8

62,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Small engine mechanics

49-3050

Summary

88.0

90.5

2.5

2.8

13.4

9.0

44,080

Motorboat mechanics and service technicians

49-3051

Line item

29.3

31.0

1.7

5.7

13.5

3.1

48,280

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Motorcycle mechanics

49-3052

Line item

17.1

17.4

0.3

1.8

13.7

1.7

43,370

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics

49-3053

Line item

41.6

42.1

0.5

1.2

13.1

4.2

40,030

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-3090

Summary

135.9

139.3

3.4

2.5

2.0

15.5

35,250

Bicycle repairers

49-3091

Line item

14.4

14.9

0.5

3.8

2.0

1.7

36,250

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Recreational vehicle service technicians

49-3092

Line item

17.7

19.4

1.7

9.8

2.0

2.2

45,030

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Tire repairers and changers

49-3093

Line item

103.8

105.0

1.2

1.1

2.0

11.6

34,240

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

49-9000

Summary

3,363.8

3,535.2

171.5

5.1

3.0

318.7

48,360

Control and valve installers and repairers

49-9010

Summary

75.9

78.3

2.4

3.2

0.4

5.9

55,790

Mechanical door repairers

49-9011

Line item

28.0

30.6

2.7

9.6

0.5

2.4

47,010

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door

49-9012

Line item

47.9

47.6

-0.3

-0.6

0.4

3.4

64,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers

49-9021

Line item

415.8

438.8

23.0

5.5

7.8

37.7

51,390

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Home appliance repairers

49-9031

Line item

36.6

35.1

-1.6

-4.3

19.1

2.9

46,000

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Industrial machinery installation, repair, and maintenance workers

49-9040

Summary

508.5

573.1

64.6

12.7

1.6

49.1

59,470

Industrial machinery mechanics

49-9041

Line item

402.2

462.1

59.9

14.9

1.9

39.2

59,830

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Maintenance workers, machinery

49-9043

Line item

63.6

67.1

3.5

5.5

6.4

53,310

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Millwrights

49-9044

Line item

42.1

43.4

1.3

3.0

1.1

3.5

60,930

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons

49-9045

Line item

0.6

0.5

-0.1

-21.4

0.0

50,550

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Line installers and repairers

49-9050

Summary

234.5

245.5

11.0

4.7

1.4

20.6

75,230

Electrical power-line installers and repairers

49-9051

Line item

122.4

125.8

3.5

2.8

0.1

9.7

82,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Telecommunications line installers and repairers

49-9052

Line item

112.1

119.6

7.5

6.7

2.9

11.0

60,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Precision instrument and equipment repairers

49-9060

Summary

89.9

97.5

7.5

8.4

9.4

9.2

56,070

Camera and photographic equipment repairers

49-9061

Line item

2.4

2.4

0.0

1.1

8.1

0.2

44,060

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Medical equipment repairers

49-9062

Line item

66.4

75.1

8.8

13.2

9.6

7.3

57,860

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Musical instrument repairers and tuners

49-9063

Line item

7.0

6.3

-0.7

-9.4

9.9

0.5

38,150

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Watch and clock repairers

49-9064

Line item

2.1

1.4

-0.6

-29.8

10.2

0.1

48,370

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other

49-9069

Line item

12.1

12.1

0.0

0.0

8.0

1.1

61,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Maintenance and repair workers, general

49-9071

Line item

1,607.2

1,664.4

57.2

3.6

0.9

152.4

44,980

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Wind turbine service technicians

49-9081

Line item

11.2

16.2

5.0

44.9

10.6

1.8

57,320

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous installation, maintenance, and repair workers

49-9090

Summary

384.1

386.5

2.4

0.6

7.0

39.1

40,770

Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers

49-9091

Line item

39.2

38.5

-0.7

-1.7

7.0

4.2

39,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Commercial divers

49-9092

Line item

4.4

4.7

0.3

6.0

10.4

0.5

68,300

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Locksmiths and safe repairers

49-9094

Line item

18.2

16.1

-2.0

-11.1

14.6

1.7

47,400

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Manufactured building and mobile home installers

49-9095

Line item

4.1

3.2

-0.9

-21.0

10.7

0.3

36,820

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Riggers

49-9096

Line item

19.7

20.0

0.3

1.4

2.0

54,680

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Signal and track switch repairers

49-9097

Line item

6.6

6.7

0.1

1.2

9.3

0.6

81,300

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers

49-9098

Line item

96.5

98.9

2.4

2.5

1.3

11.0

35,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other

49-9099

Line item

195.4

198.3

2.9

1.5

9.7

18.8

44,500

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Production occupations

51-0000

Summary

9,134.5

8,845.8

-288.7

-3.2

2.7

933.0

39,910

Supervisors of production workers

51-1000

Summary

681.7

683.7

1.9

0.3

1.5

63.3

63,510

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

51-1011

Line item

681.7

683.7

1.9

0.3

1.5

63.3

63,510

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Assemblers and fabricators

51-2000

Summary

1,961.9

1,836.2

-125.7

-6.4

1.3

188.6

37,930

Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers

51-2011

Line item

33.9

28.8

-5.1

-15.2

1.4

2.8

58,430

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers

51-2020

Summary

294.0

304.9

10.9

3.7

0.8

32.7

38,640

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

51-2021

Line item

11.1

9.3

-1.8

-16.6

0.8

0.9

43,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders, tapers, and finishers

51-2028

Line item

282.9

295.6

12.7

4.5

0.8

31.8

38,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Engine and other machine assemblers

51-2031

Line item

50.9

41.3

-9.6

-18.9

4.7

50,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

51-2041

Line item

59.6

49.8

-9.8

-16.4

4.6

47,200

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Fiberglass laminators and fabricators

51-2051

Line item

22.6

22.5

-0.1

-0.3

1.5

2.4

38,110

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Timing device assemblers and adjusters

51-2061

Line item

0.4

0.3

-0.1

-18.7

0.0

42,290

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators

51-2090

Line item

1,500.4

1,388.6

-111.8

-7.5

1.5

141.4

37,280

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food processing workers

51-3000

Summary

841.7

869.3

27.6

3.3

1.7

115.4

35,320

Bakers

51-3011

Line item

218.8

229.6

10.8

4.9

4.0

33.8

32,780

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers

51-3020

Summary

353.8

354.1

0.4

0.1

0.4

41.7

35,870

Butchers and meat cutters

51-3021

Line item

131.6

130.1

-1.6

-1.2

0.4

15.3

36,930

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

51-3022

Line item

141.0

143.8

2.8

2.0

0.4

17.0

35,070

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Slaughterers and meat packers

51-3023

Line item

81.1

80.3

-0.8

-1.0

0.4

9.4

35,240

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous food processing workers

51-3090

Summary

269.2

285.6

16.4

6.1

1.6

39.9

36,190

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

51-3091

Line item

21.5

22.2

0.7

3.0

4.7

3.0

37,790

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food batchmakers

51-3092

Line item

171.5

185.0

13.4

7.8

1.2

27.8

36,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

51-3093

Line item

27.3

27.7

0.4

1.6

0.3

3.9

36,700

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food processing workers, all other

51-3099

Line item

48.8

50.7

1.9

3.9

2.4

5.2

34,710

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Metal workers and plastic workers

51-4000

Summary

1,693.4

1,640.7

-52.7

-3.1

1.5

156.9

45,080

Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4020

Summary

103.4

97.5

-5.9

-5.7

9.6

42,540

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4021

Line item

64.3

63.1

-1.2

-1.9

6.4

39,970

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4022

Line item

10.9

9.3

-1.6

-14.6

0.9

46,540

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4023

Line item

28.2

25.1

-3.1

-11.0

2.4

46,310

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Machine tool cutting setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4030

Summary

301.8

269.3

-32.5

-10.8

0.0

26.1

39,880

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4031

Line item

184.8

164.7

-20.1

-10.9

14.9

39,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4032

Line item

6.6

5.4

-1.2

-18.3

0.6

42,450

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4033

Line item

75.0

67.9

-7.1

-9.5

0.2

6.8

38,910

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4034

Line item

19.7

17.8

-1.9

-9.4

2.2

47,020

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4035

Line item

15.7

13.5

-2.2

-13.9

1.6

46,870

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Machinists

51-4041

Line item

327.0

333.3

6.3

1.9

1.4

32.6

48,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters

51-4050

Summary

25.9

23.7

-2.2

-8.4

2.2

49,110

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders

51-4051

Line item

19.7

18.1

-1.6

-8.2

1.7

50,280

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Pourers and casters, metal

51-4052

Line item

6.2

5.6

-0.6

-9.1

0.5

45,070

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic

51-4060

Summary

5.7

4.5

-1.1

-19.9

0.3

56,170

Model makers, metal and plastic

51-4061

Line item

3.4

2.8

-0.6

-18.8

0.2

57,620

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Patternmakers, metal and plastic

51-4062

Line item

2.3

1.8

-0.5

-21.6

0.1

54,970

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4070

Summary

179.4

170.5

-8.9

-5.0

0.0

14.6

37,160

Foundry mold and coremakers

51-4071

Line item

11.5

8.8

-2.7

-23.5

0.6

40,120

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4072

Line item

167.9

161.7

-6.2

-3.7

0.0

13.9

37,050

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4081

Line item

139.9

140.7

0.8

0.6

0.7

13.6

39,210

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tool and die makers

51-4111

Line item

62.7

57.4

-5.3

-8.5

5.6

59,800

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Welding, soldering, and brazing workers

51-4120

Summary

464.7

468.1

3.4

0.7

4.0

45.4

47,430

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

51-4121

Line item

431.8

438.0

6.2

1.4

4.0

42.6

47,540

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-4122

Line item

32.9

30.1

-2.8

-8.4

4.0

2.8

44,920

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous metal workers and plastic workers

51-4190

Summary

83.0

75.5

-7.4

-8.9

0.7

6.9

39,520

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4191

Line item

16.0

14.6

-1.5

-9.1

0.7

1.3

40,900

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Layout workers, metal and plastic

51-4192

Line item

7.1

6.4

-0.7

-10.2

0.6

58,260

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Plating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4193

Line item

32.9

29.8

-3.1

-9.4

0.7

2.7

37,900

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

51-4194

Line item

5.5

5.0

-0.5

-8.5

0.5

41,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

51-4199

Line item

21.4

19.8

-1.7

-7.8

0.7

1.8

38,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Printing workers

51-5100

Summary

222.5

198.1

-24.4

-11.0

3.2

19.7

38,890

Prepress technicians and workers

51-5111

Line item

25.7

21.3

-4.4

-17.1

1.4

2.5

43,560

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Printing press operators

51-5112

Line item

155.5

142.3

-13.2

-8.5

2.9

14.4

39,350

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Print binding and finishing workers

51-5113

Line item

41.4

34.6

-6.8

-16.4

5.4

2.8

36,970

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers

51-6000

Summary

536.3

490.3

-46.0

-8.6

10.8

57.7

31,200

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

51-6011

Line item

184.4

182.0

-2.3

-1.3

1.9

24.5

29,060

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

51-6021

Line item

29.8

23.3

-6.5

-21.8

1.8

2.7

29,690

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sewing machine operators

51-6031

Line item

141.9

120.3

-21.6

-15.2

17.0

12.5

31,740

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Shoe and leather workers

51-6040

Summary

13.1

11.7

-1.4

-10.9

8.0

1.3

32,790

Shoe and leather workers and repairers

51-6041

Line item

9.8

8.7

-1.1

-11.0

8.0

1.0

32,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Shoe machine operators and tenders

51-6042

Line item

3.3

2.9

-0.4

-10.9

8.0

0.3

33,060

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers

51-6050

Summary

40.9

35.1

-5.7

-14.0

49.0

4.6

33,850

Sewers, hand

51-6051

Line item

6.9

5.8

-1.1

-15.8

49.0

0.8

31,530

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

51-6052

Line item

33.9

29.3

-4.6

-13.6

49.0

3.8

34,280

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Textile machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-6060

Summary

60.9

55.0

-5.9

-9.7

2.0

5.8

34,170

Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders

51-6061

Line item

7.0

6.4

-0.7

-9.5

2.0

0.7

32,680

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-6062

Line item

11.1

9.9

-1.2

-10.8

2.1

1.0

34,420

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-6063

Line item

17.8

15.9

-1.9

-10.5

2.0

1.7

35,750

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-6064

Line item

25.0

22.9

-2.2

-8.6

2.0

2.4

33,720

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous textile, apparel, and furnishings workers

51-6090

Summary

65.4

62.8

-2.5

-3.9

11.3

6.3

38,460

Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers

51-6091

Line item

16.3

15.9

-0.4

-2.3

9.0

1.7

39,860

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Fabric and apparel patternmakers

51-6092

Line item

3.4

3.1

-0.2

-7.4

9.2

0.3

60,320

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Upholsterers

51-6093

Line item

31.5

30.7

-0.8

-2.5

13.9

2.8

39,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other

51-6099

Line item

14.3

13.2

-1.1

-7.8

8.7

1.4

32,640

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Woodworkers

51-7000

Summary

253.9

250.7

-3.2

-1.3

8.2

25.0

37,520

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

51-7011

Line item

105.7

103.7

-2.0

-1.9

8.9

9.8

38,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Furniture finishers

51-7021

Line item

19.2

19.1

-0.1

-0.7

21.8

2.2

37,960

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Model makers and patternmakers, wood

51-7030

Summary

1.6

1.5

-0.1

-4.0

31.4

0.2

46,100

Model makers, wood

51-7031

Line item

1.1

1.0

0.0

-3.6

31.5

0.1

46,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Patternmakers, wood

51-7032

Line item

0.5

0.5

0.0

-5.1

31.3

0.1

44,290

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-7040

Summary

114.0

113.4

-0.6

-0.5

2.1

11.4

36,580

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

51-7041

Line item

49.4

49.5

0.1

0.1

4.8

5.5

36,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

51-7042

Line item

64.6

63.9

-0.6

-1.0

5.9

36,830

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Woodworkers, all other

51-7099

Line item

13.5

13.0

-0.5

-3.6

31.4

1.5

35,370

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Plant and system operators

51-8000

Summary

287.8

273.0

-14.8

-5.1

0.5

24.2

64,990

Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers

51-8010

Summary

47.3

42.6

-4.7

-10.0

3.2

97,570

Nuclear power reactor operators

51-8011

Line item

5.5

5.3

-0.2

-3.3

0.4

115,870

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Power distributors and dispatchers

51-8012

Line item

9.6

9.1

-0.5

-5.0

0.7

101,650

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Power plant operators

51-8013

Line item

32.2

28.2

-4.0

-12.5

2.1

93,060

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

51-8021

Line item

33.5

34.4

1.0

2.8

3.6

67,120

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

51-8031

Line item

124.8

116.9

-7.9

-6.3

1.2

10.5

51,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous plant and system operators

51-8090

Summary

82.2

79.1

-3.1

-3.8

7.0

79,210

Chemical plant and system operators

51-8091

Line item

19.3

18.6

-0.6

-3.2

1.7

82,670

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Gas plant operators

51-8092

Line item

14.8

13.0

-1.7

-11.7

1.1

79,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

51-8093

Line item

32.2

31.5

-0.7

-2.3

2.8

85,090

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Plant and system operators, all other

51-8099

Line item

15.9

15.9

0.0

-0.2

1.4

57,470

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Other production occupations

51-9000

Summary

2,655.3

2,603.9

-51.4

-1.9

3.1

282.1

39,960

Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9010

Summary

175.9

171.2

-4.6

-2.6

1.2

15.6

48,260

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

51-9011

Line item

120.2

113.7

-6.6

-5.5

1.2

10.2

49,330

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9012

Line item

55.6

57.6

1.9

3.4

1.2

5.4

46,250

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers

51-9020

Summary

157.3

155.2

-2.1

-1.3

1.5

15.7

42,120

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9021

Line item

28.8

27.8

-1.0

-3.5

1.5

2.8

43,290

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

51-9022

Line item

14.5

11.7

-2.8

-19.5

1.5

1.0

36,960

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9023

Line item

114.0

115.8

1.7

1.5

1.5

11.8

43,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cutting workers

51-9030

Summary

64.0

59.4

-4.6

-7.2

1.1

6.1

39,410

Cutters and trimmers, hand

51-9031

Line item

8.3

5.9

-2.3

-28.2

1.1

0.5

36,130

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9032

Line item

55.8

53.4

-2.3

-4.1

1.1

5.6

39,880

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9041

Line item

60.0

59.2

-0.8

-1.3

5.8

39,480

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

51-9051

Line item

16.2

16.2

0.1

0.4

5.0

1.8

44,530

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

51-9061

Line item

595.4

572.4

-23.0

-3.9

1.1

64.3

43,900

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

51-9071

Line item

47.2

45.8

-1.4

-2.9

45.5

6.1

47,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Dental and ophthalmic laboratory technicians and medical appliance technicians

51-9080

Summary

73.4

72.4

-1.0

-1.3

4.8

8.3

41,180

Dental laboratory technicians

51-9081

Line item

35.4

33.8

-1.6

-4.5

4.7

3.8

46,050

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Medical appliance technicians

51-9082

Line item

16.6

17.1

0.4

2.5

4.8

2.0

42,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

51-9083

Line item

21.3

21.6

0.2

1.1

4.8

2.5

36,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

51-9111

Line item

373.2

390.5

17.3

4.6

0.3

42.4

36,750

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Painting workers

51-9120

Summary

185.9

186.9

1.0

0.5

10.2

16.7

43,370

Painting, coating, and decorating workers

51-9123

Line item

13.5

13.5

0.0

0.1

10.1

1.2

38,270

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9124

Line item

172.4

173.4

1.0

0.6

10.2

15.5

43,960

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Semiconductor processing technicians

51-9141

Line item

24.6

26.6

2.0

8.0

2.9

44,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

51-9151

Line item

6.4

5.6

-0.8

-12.5

15.6

0.7

36,280

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Computer numerically controlled tool operators and programmers

51-9160

Summary

210.3

200.2

-10.1

-4.8

17.5

47,810

Computer numerically controlled tool operators

51-9161

Line item

181.8

167.2

-14.6

-8.1

14.3

46,760

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Computer numerically controlled tool programmers

51-9162

Line item

28.5

33.0

4.6

16.0

3.2

60,800

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous production workers

51-9190

Summary

665.6

642.3

-23.3

-3.5

3.5

78.1

36,680

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

51-9191

Line item

11.4

11.2

-0.3

-2.2

1.0

38,780

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

51-9192

Line item

14.0

14.5

0.5

3.8

5.9

1.6

37,190

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders

51-9193

Line item

7.1

7.4

0.4

5.1

5.6

0.8

42,890

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Etchers and engravers

51-9194

Line item

8.5

8.4

0.0

-0.2

1.3

37,980

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

51-9195

Line item

44.7

45.8

1.1

2.4

11.1

5.8

39,590

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9196

Line item

92.7

82.5

-10.2

-11.0

8.8

45,710

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tire builders

51-9197

Line item

18.9

18.1

-0.8

-4.3

1.8

51,650

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers--production workers

51-9198

Line item

193.0

175.1

-17.9

-9.3

0.7

26.9

34,670

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Production workers, all other

51-9199

Line item

275.3

279.2

3.9

1.4

5.7

30.1

35,490

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Transportation and material moving occupations

53-0000

Summary

14,302.8

15,082.2

779.4

5.4

4.1

1,920.8

37,940

Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers

53-1000

Summary

609.1

637.9

28.8

4.7

0.4

64.8

57,810

Aircraft cargo handling supervisors

53-1041

Line item

8.0

8.7

0.7

8.6

0.9

53,490

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of transportation and material moving workers, except aircraft cargo handling supervisors

53-1047

Line item

601.1

629.2

28.1

4.7

0.4

63.9

57,860

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Air transportation workers

53-2000

Summary

291.7

311.0

19.3

6.6

0.5

36.9

95,010

Aircraft pilots and flight engineers

53-2010

Summary

142.6

148.1

5.6

3.9

0.9

16.8

148,900

Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers

53-2011

Line item

91.7

95.2

3.5

3.9

10.8

211,790

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Commercial pilots

53-2012

Line item

50.9

52.9

2.1

4.0

2.6

6.0

103,910

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists

53-2020

Summary

38.0

39.1

1.1

2.8

3.4

94,700

Air traffic controllers

53-2021

Line item

23.0

23.3

0.3

1.4

2.0

132,250

Associate's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Airfield operations specialists

53-2022

Line item

15.0

15.8

0.7

4.9

1.4

49,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Flight attendants

53-2031

Line item

111.1

123.8

12.6

11.4

16.6

63,760

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Motor vehicle operators

53-3000

Summary

4,887.0

5,224.7

337.7

6.9

10.1

589.2

45,460

Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians

53-3011

Line item

10.1

10.1

0.0

0.2

1.4

30,380

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Driver/sales workers and truck drivers

53-3030

Summary

3,897.8

4,162.8

265.0

6.8

7.5

445.0

46,300

Driver/sales workers

53-3031

Line item

541.0

582.9

41.9

7.7

7.6

62.5

32,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers

53-3032

Line item

2,192.3

2,281.5

89.3

4.1

7.5

241.2

49,920

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Light truck drivers

53-3033

Line item

1,164.6

1,298.4

133.8

11.5

7.6

141.3

40,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Passenger vehicle drivers

53-3050

Summary

910.8

978.1

67.3

7.4

19.8

131.9

39,440

Bus drivers, school

53-3051

Line item

358.8

363.7

4.9

1.4

0.5

55.2

41,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Bus drivers, transit and intercity

53-3052

Line item

156.4

164.8

8.4

5.4

4.1

21.2

50,890

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Shuttle drivers and chauffeurs

53-3053

Line item

218.4

235.9

17.5

8.0

4.4

32.6

32,800

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Taxi drivers

53-3054

Line item

177.3

213.7

36.4

20.6

91.5

22.8

30,670

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Motor vehicle operators, all other

53-3099

Line item

68.3

73.7

5.4

7.9

26.3

10.9

33,210

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Rail transportation workers

53-4000

Summary

90.5

91.8

1.2

1.4

7.7

68,960

Locomotive engineers and operators

53-4010

Summary

32.3

32.6

0.3

1.0

2.6

73,770

Locomotive engineers

53-4011

Line item

29.7

29.9

0.2

0.8

2.4

74,570

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers

53-4013

Line item

2.6

2.6

0.1

2.4

0.2

56,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators and locomotive firers

53-4022

Line item

12.2

12.3

0.1

1.2