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Employment Projections

Occupational projections and worker characteristics

Other available formats: (XLSX)

Table 1.7 Occupational projections, 2019–29, and worker characteristics, 2019
(Numbers in thousands)

2019 National Employment Matrix title

2019 National Employment Matrix code

Occupation type

Employment, 2019

Employment, 2029

Employment change, numeric, 2019–29

Employment change, percent, 2019–29

Percent self employed, 2019

Occupational openings, 2019–29 annual average

Median annual wage, 2020(1)

Typical education needed for entry

Work experience in a related occupation

Typical on-the-job training needed to attain competency in the occupation

Total, all occupations

00-0000

Summary

162,795.6

168,834.7

6,039.2

3.7

5.8

17,454.3

$41,950

Management occupations

11-0000

Summary

10,697.2

11,202.2

505.0

4.7

18.6

843.0

$109,760

Top executives

11-1000

Summary

2,828.0

2,946.3

118.3

4.2

3.0

222.2

$106,180

Chief executives

11-1011

Line item

287.9

259.1

-28.7

-10.0

24.2

13.9

$185,950

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

General and operations managers

11-1021

Line item

2,486.4

2,630.2

143.8

5.8

0.6

204.4

$103,650

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Legislators

11-1031

Line item

53.7

57.0

3.3

6.2

3.9

$33,200

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers

11-2000

Summary

836.7

879.0

42.3

5.1

4.7

70.0

$134,120

Advertising and promotions managers

11-2011

Line item

28.6

28.3

-0.3

-1.1

11.0

2.5

$133,460

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Marketing and sales managers

11-2020

Summary

720.1

754.6

34.5

4.8

5.0

59.9

$136,350

Marketing managers

11-2021

Line item

286.3

305.4

19.1

6.7

5.0

24.6

$142,170

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Sales managers

11-2022

Line item

433.8

449.2

15.4

3.5

5.1

35.3

$132,290

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Public relations and fundraising managers

11-2030

Line item

88.0

96.1

8.1

9.2

7.6

$118,430

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Operations specialties managers

11-3000

Summary

2,116.6

2,316.6

200.0

9.4

1.8

168.5

$125,040

Administrative services and facilities managers

11-3010

Line item

325.9

347.0

21.2

6.5

0.4

26.3

$98,890

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Computer and information systems managers

11-3021

Line item

461.0

509.2

48.1

10.4

1.8

36.8

$151,150

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Financial managers

11-3031

Line item

697.9

806.0

108.1

15.5

2.0

59.6

$134,180

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Industrial production managers

11-3051

Line item

190.1

191.9

1.7

0.9

1.0

11.7

$108,790

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Purchasing managers

11-3061

Line item

76.9

78.9

2.0

2.6

3.5

5.6

$125,940

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Transportation, storage, and distribution managers

11-3071

Line item

139.4

144.3

4.9

3.5

3.1

10.0

$96,390

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

Compensation and benefits managers

11-3111

Line item

18.0

18.4

0.5

2.5

1.9

1.3

$125,130

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Human resources managers

11-3121

Line item

165.2

175.6

10.4

6.3

2.1

13.3

$121,220

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Training and development managers

11-3131

Line item

42.3

45.4

3.1

7.3

3.6

3.7

$115,640

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Other management occupations

11-9000

Summary

4,915.9

5,060.3

144.4

2.9

37.3

382.3

$95,180

Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers

11-9013

Line item

952.3

890.6

-61.6

-6.5

66.7

80.9

$68,090

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

Construction managers

11-9021

Line item

476.7

517.1

40.4

8.5

37.9

34.7

$97,180

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Education and childcare administrators

11-9030

Summary

595.1

618.2

23.1

3.9

3.7

42.0

$93,470

Education and childcare administrators, preschool and daycare

11-9031

Line item

69.2

69.9

0.7

1.0

8.6

4.6

$49,160

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Education administrators, kindergarten through secondary

11-9032

Line item

283.2

294.4

11.1

3.9

1.9

20.0

$98,490

Master's degree

5 years or more

None

Education administrators, postsecondary

11-9033

Line item

190.5

197.6

7.1

3.7

4.1

13.4

$97,500

Master's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Education administrators, all other

11-9039

Line item

52.1

56.4

4.2

8.1

6.0

4.0

$87,580

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Architectural and engineering managers

11-9041

Line item

198.1

203.2

5.1

2.6

12.5

$149,530

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Food service managers

11-9051

Line item

352.6

354.8

2.2

0.6

32.1

34.8

$56,590

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Gambling managers

11-9071

Line item

5.1

5.6

0.5

8.8

11.4

0.6

$75,470

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Lodging managers

11-9081

Line item

57.2

50.6

-6.7

-11.7

31.1

4.5

$56,670

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Medical and health services managers

11-9111

Line item

422.3

555.5

133.2

31.5

2.8

47.0

$104,280

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Natural sciences managers

11-9121

Line item

71.4

74.8

3.4

4.8

4.9

$137,940

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Postmasters and mail superintendents

11-9131

Line item

13.4

10.5

-2.9

-21.9

0.7

0.5

$78,060

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Property, real estate, and community association managers

11-9141

Line item

367.9

368.7

0.8

0.2

37.9

26.0

$59,660

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Social and community service managers

11-9151

Line item

175.5

205.4

29.8

17.0

4.8

17.1

$69,600

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Emergency management directors

11-9161

Line item

10.4

10.9

0.5

4.5

0.7

$76,250

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Funeral home managers

11-9171

Line item

28.6

26.9

-1.6

-5.7

66.5

1.6

$74,200

Associate's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Personal service managers, all other; entertainment and recreation managers, except gambling; and managers, all other

11-9198

Line item

1,189.2

1,167.5

-21.7

-1.8

57.6

74.5

$116,350

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Business and financial operations occupations

13-0000

Summary

9,016.3

9,492.5

476.2

5.3

4.5

813.0

$72,250

Business operations specialists

13-1000

Summary

5,944.0

6,311.9

367.9

6.2

3.7

561.7

$71,450

Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes

13-1011

Line item

21.9

24.4

2.6

11.8

22.5

2.7

$75,420

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Buyers and purchasing agents

13-1020

Line item

449.3

409.7

-39.7

-8.8

3.5

36.0

$66,690

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators

13-1030

Summary

348.8

326.8

-22.0

-6.3

2.3

22.1

$68,130

Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators

13-1031

Line item

332.9

311.5

-21.4

-6.4

2.3

21.0

$68,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Insurance appraisers, auto damage

13-1032

Line item

15.9

15.3

-0.6

-4.0

2.8

1.1

$65,550

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Compliance officers

13-1041

Line item

337.6

353.2

15.6

4.6

0.6

27.7

$71,100

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cost estimators

13-1051

Line item

214.2

211.0

-3.2

-1.5

1.3

17.5

$66,610

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Human resources workers

13-1070

Summary

746.2

787.8

41.6

5.6

1.5

70.7

$64,070

Human resources specialists

13-1071

Line item

666.5

713.5

46.9

7.0

1.5

64.5

$63,490

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Farm labor contractors

13-1074

Line item

0.8

0.9

0.1

10.4

0.1

$47,780

No formal educational credential

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Labor relations specialists

13-1075

Line item

78.9

73.5

-5.4

-6.8

1.7

6.1

$73,240

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Logisticians

13-1081

Line item

188.2

196.4

8.2

4.4

0.4

16.8

$76,270

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Management analysts

13-1111

Line item

876.3

970.2

93.8

10.7

14.8

87.1

$87,660

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Meeting, convention, and event planners

13-1121

Line item

138.6

149.5

10.8

7.8

5.1

15.2

$51,560

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Fundraisers

13-1131

Line item

100.6

115.0

14.4

14.3

11.1

$59,610

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists

13-1141

Line item

94.4

101.8

7.5

7.9

9.0

$67,190

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Training and development specialists

13-1151

Line item

327.9

356.1

28.2

8.6

0.7

33.7

$62,700

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Market research analysts and marketing specialists

13-1161

Line item

738.1

868.4

130.3

17.7

4.3

84.2

$65,810

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Project management specialists and business operations specialists, all other

13-1198

Line item

1,361.8

1,441.6

79.8

5.9

0.2

128.0

$77,420

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Financial specialists

13-2000

Summary

3,072.3

3,180.6

108.3

3.5

6.0

251.3

$73,840

Accountants and auditors

13-2011

Line item

1,436.1

1,497.9

61.7

4.3

6.0

125.7

$73,560

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Property appraisers and assessors

13-2020

Line item

75.1

77.3

2.2

2.9

23.0

5.4

$58,650

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Budget analysts

13-2031

Line item

55.4

57.3

1.9

3.4

4.3

$78,970

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Credit analysts

13-2041

Line item

74.9

71.2

-3.6

-4.8

5.3

$74,970

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Personal financial advisors

13-2052

Line item

263.0

274.6

11.6

4.4

18.9

19.2

$89,330

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Insurance underwriters

13-2053

Line item

114.7

107.6

-7.1

-6.2

7.3

$71,790

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Financial examiners

13-2061

Line item

66.9

71.8

4.9

7.3

4.9

$81,430

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Credit counselors and loan officers

13-2070

Summary

352.4

365.2

12.8

3.6

0.9

27.1

$61,640

Credit counselors

13-2071

Line item

35.6

38.3

2.7

7.6

0.7

2.9

$46,170

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Loan officers

13-2072

Line item

316.9

327.0

10.1

3.2

0.9

24.2

$63,960

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tax examiners, collectors and preparers, and revenue agents

13-2080

Summary

146.1

143.1

-2.9

-2.0

12.7

13.3

$50,580

Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents

13-2081

Line item

57.6

55.3

-2.4

-4.1

4.2

$55,640

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tax preparers

13-2082

Line item

88.4

87.9

-0.6

-0.6

21.0

9.1

$44,300

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Financial and investment analysts, financial risk specialists, and financial specialists, all other

13-2098

Line item

487.8

514.6

26.8

5.5

1.9

38.6

$83,660

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Computer and mathematical occupations

15-0000

Summary

4,845.1

5,432.4

587.4

12.1

2.2

382.9

$91,350

Computer occupations

15-1200

Summary

4,633.4

5,164.6

531.2

11.5

2.2

362.6

$91,250

Computer and information analysts

15-1210

Summary

763.4

850.8

87.5

11.5

2.7

60.0

$95,490

Computer systems analysts

15-1211

Line item

632.4

679.0

46.6

7.4

3.0

46.2

$93,730

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Information security analysts

15-1212

Line item

131.0

171.9

40.9

31.2

0.8

13.9

$103,590

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Computer and information research scientists

15-1221

Line item

32.7

37.7

5.0

15.4

3.0

$126,830

Master's degree

None

None

Computer support specialists

15-1230

Summary

882.3

949.6

67.3

7.6

1.9

68.4

$55,510

Computer network support specialists

15-1231

Line item

195.1

207.7

12.6

6.4

2.0

14.8

$65,450

Associate's degree

None

None

Computer user support specialists

15-1232

Line item

687.2

741.9

54.8

8.0

1.9

53.6

$52,690

Some college, no degree

None

None

Database and network administrators and architects

15-1240

Summary

666.5

703.3

36.9

5.5

1.1

43.7

$94,380

Computer network architects

15-1241

Line item

160.1

168.1

8.0

5.0

2.0

10.0

$116,780

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Network and computer systems administrators

15-1244

Line item

373.9

389.9

16.0

4.3

1.0

23.8

$84,810

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Database administrators and architects

15-1245

Line item

132.5

145.3

12.8

9.7

0.2

9.9

$98,860

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Software and web developers, programmers, and testers

15-1250

Summary

1,857.4

2,167.3

309.9

16.7

2.2

155.2

$105,310

Computer programmers

15-1251

Line item

213.9

193.8

-20.1

-9.4

2.8

10.4

$89,190

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Software developers and software quality assurance analysts and testers

15-1256

Line item

1,469.2

1,785.2

316.0

21.5

1.2

131.4

$110,140

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Web developers and digital interface designers

15-1257

Line item

174.3

188.3

14.0

8.0

9.8

13.4

$77,200

Associate's degree

None

None

Computer occupations, all other

15-1299

Line item

431.1

455.8

24.7

5.7

3.9

32.3

$92,870

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mathematical science occupations

15-2000

Summary

211.7

267.8

56.1

26.5

1.6

20.2

$93,170

Actuaries

15-2011

Line item

27.7

32.6

4.9

17.6

4.2

2.0

$111,030

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Mathematicians

15-2021

Line item

2.9

3.0

0.1

3.0

0.2

$110,860

Master's degree

None

None

Operations research analysts

15-2031

Line item

105.1

131.3

26.1

24.8

0.2

9.6

$86,200

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Statisticians

15-2041

Line item

42.7

57.5

14.8

34.6

2.5

4.9

$92,270

Master's degree

None

None

Data scientists and mathematical science occupations, all other

15-2098

Line item

33.2

43.4

10.3

30.9

3.0

3.6

$98,230

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Architecture and engineering occupations

17-0000

Summary

2,728.9

2,803.7

74.8

2.7

2.9

193.6

$83,160

Architects, surveyors, and cartographers

17-1000

Summary

214.3

216.0

1.8

0.8

13.7

14.8

$76,190

Architects, except naval

17-1010

Summary

154.4

154.8

0.5

0.3

17.2

10.2

$80,350

Architects, except landscape and naval

17-1011

Line item

129.9

130.9

1.1

0.8

17.3

8.7

$82,320

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Landscape architects

17-1012

Line item

24.5

23.9

-0.6

-2.4

16.7

1.5

$70,630

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists

17-1020

Summary

59.9

61.2

1.3

2.1

4.7

4.6

$66,250

Cartographers and photogrammetrists

17-1021

Line item

12.0

12.5

0.5

4.5

3.0

0.9

$68,380

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Surveyors

17-1022

Line item

48.0

48.7

0.8

1.6

5.1

3.6

$65,590

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Engineers

17-2000

Summary

1,810.1

1,879.1

69.0

3.8

2.0

117.5

$96,310

Aerospace engineers

17-2011

Line item

66.4

68.2

1.9

2.8

1.2

3.9

$118,610

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Agricultural engineers

17-2021

Line item

1.7

1.7

0.0

1.6

5.0

0.1

$84,410

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Bioengineers and biomedical engineers

17-2031

Line item

21.2

22.2

1.0

4.7

2.6

1.4

$92,620

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Chemical engineers

17-2041

Line item

32.6

34.0

1.4

4.4

5.4

2.0

$108,540

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Civil engineers

17-2051

Line item

329.2

334.7

5.5

1.7

3.6

22.9

$88,570

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Computer hardware engineers

17-2061

Line item

71.1

72.2

1.1

1.6

1.6

4.9

$119,560

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Electrical and electronics engineers

17-2070

Summary

328.1

338.9

10.8

3.3

1.7

20.7

$103,390

Electrical engineers

17-2071

Line item

193.1

202.1

9.0

4.6

1.8

12.5

$100,830

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Electronics engineers, except computer

17-2072

Line item

134.9

136.8

1.9

1.4

1.6

8.2

$107,540

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Environmental engineers

17-2081

Line item

55.8

57.6

1.7

3.1

2.0

3.7

$92,120

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Industrial engineers, including health and safety

17-2110

Summary

322.3

353.3

31.0

9.6

23.0

$89,290

Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors

17-2111

Line item

26.4

27.5

1.0

3.9

1.7

$94,240

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Industrial engineers

17-2112

Line item

295.8

325.8

30.0

10.1

21.3

$88,950

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Marine engineers and naval architects

17-2121

Line item

11.8

12.0

0.2

1.5

0.6

$95,440

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Materials engineers

17-2131

Line item

27.5

27.9

0.4

1.5

1.5

$95,640

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mechanical engineers

17-2141

Line item

316.3

328.7

12.4

3.9

1.0

19.2

$90,160

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers

17-2151

Line item

6.3

6.6

0.3

4.2

0.4

$93,800

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Nuclear engineers

17-2161

Line item

16.4

14.3

-2.1

-12.6

0.7

$116,140

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Petroleum engineers

17-2171

Line item

33.4

34.4

1.1

3.2

2.1

$137,330

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Engineers, all other

17-2199

Line item

170.1

172.3

2.2

1.3

6.1

10.3

$103,380

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Drafters, engineering technicians, and mapping technicians

17-3000

Summary

704.6

708.6

4.0

0.6

1.7

61.3

$58,900

Drafters

17-3010

Summary

200.9

193.7

-7.1

-3.5

2.9

16.4

$57,960

Architectural and civil drafters

17-3011

Line item

102.9

100.3

-2.6

-2.5

2.9

8.5

$57,500

Associate's degree

None

None

Electrical and electronics drafters

17-3012

Line item

25.3

25.4

0.1

0.5

2.9

2.2

$62,100

Associate's degree

None

None

Mechanical drafters

17-3013

Line item

57.5

52.7

-4.7

-8.3

3.0

4.3

$58,270

Associate's degree

None

None

Drafters, all other

17-3019

Line item

15.2

15.3

0.1

0.6

2.9

1.3

$54,500

Associate's degree

None

None

Engineering technologists and technicians, except drafters

17-3020

Summary

353.7

362.5

8.8

2.5

0.3

30.6

$61,000

Aerospace engineering and operations technologists and technicians

17-3021

Line item

11.9

12.7

0.8

7.0

1.1

$68,570

Associate's degree

None

None

Civil engineering technologists and technicians

17-3022

Line item

70.9

72.7

1.8

2.5

0.2

6.1

$54,080

Associate's degree

None

None

Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians

17-3023

Line item

125.8

127.8

1.9

1.5

0.3

10.7

$67,550

Associate's degree

None

None

Electro-mechanical and mechatronics technologists and technicians

17-3024

Line item

14.6

15.1

0.4

3.0

0.4

1.3

$59,800

Associate's degree

None

None

Environmental engineering technologists and technicians

17-3025

Line item

18.5

19.9

1.4

7.5

0.3

1.7

$51,630

Associate's degree

None

None

Industrial engineering technologists and technicians

17-3026

Line item

68.5

69.5

1.0

1.5

0.4

5.8

$57,320

Associate's degree

None

None

Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians

17-3027

Line item

43.5

44.9

1.4

3.1

0.4

3.8

$58,230

Associate's degree

None

None

Surveying and mapping technicians

17-3031

Line item

58.4

58.8

0.4

0.7

8.4

6.4

$46,200

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Calibration technologists and technicians and engineering technologists and technicians, except drafters, all other

17-3098

Line item

91.6

93.6

2.0

2.1

0.3

7.9

$64,190

Associate's degree

None

None

Life, physical, and social science occupations

19-0000

Summary

1,460.3

1,528.5

68.2

4.7

6.1

126.9

$69,760

Life scientists

19-1000

Summary

344.8

361.4

16.6

4.8

1.6

29.2

$81,130

Agricultural and food scientists

19-1010

Summary

34.8

36.8

2.0

5.7

0.2

3.6

$68,830

Animal scientists

19-1011

Line item

2.8

3.0

0.2

5.5

0.3

$63,490

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Food scientists and technologists

19-1012

Line item

14.2

14.9

0.6

4.4

1.4

$73,450

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Soil and plant scientists

19-1013

Line item

17.8

19.0

1.2

6.8

1.9

$66,120

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Biological scientists

19-1020

Summary

120.6

124.4

3.8

3.2

2.4

10.0

$83,220

Biochemists and biophysicists

19-1021

Line item

34.6

36.0

1.4

4.0

3.7

2.9

$94,270

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Microbiologists

19-1022

Line item

20.2

20.9

0.6

3.1

2.7

1.7

$84,400

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Zoologists and wildlife biologists

19-1023

Line item

21.0

21.8

0.8

3.9

1.0

1.8

$66,350

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Biological scientists, all other

19-1029

Line item

44.7

45.7

1.0

2.2

1.9

3.6

$85,290

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Conservation scientists and foresters

19-1030

Summary

36.1

37.8

1.7

4.7

4.0

3.3

$64,010

Conservation scientists

19-1031

Line item

24.5

25.8

1.2

5.1

3.4

2.3

$64,020

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Foresters

19-1032

Line item

11.6

12.0

0.4

3.8

5.4

1.1

$63,980

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Medical scientists

19-1040

Summary

146.2

155.0

8.8

6.0

0.7

11.8

$90,010

Epidemiologists

19-1041

Line item

8.0

8.3

0.4

4.6

0.6

$74,560

Master's degree

None

None

Medical scientists, except epidemiologists

19-1042

Line item

138.3

146.7

8.4

6.1

0.7

11.2

$91,510

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Life scientists, all other

19-1099

Line item

7.0

7.4

0.3

4.6

0.6

$82,000

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Physical scientists

19-2000

Summary

276.6

291.4

14.7

5.3

2.6

24.3

$83,250

Astronomers and physicists

19-2010

Summary

20.5

21.9

1.4

6.8

1.4

$128,950

Astronomers

19-2011

Line item

2.3

2.4

0.1

2.4

0.1

$119,730

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physicists

19-2012

Line item

18.2

19.5

1.3

7.3

1.3

$129,850

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Atmospheric and space scientists

19-2021

Line item

9.9

10.6

0.6

6.4

0.9

$99,740

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Chemists and materials scientists

19-2030

Summary

93.7

98.0

4.3

4.6

0.3

7.9

$80,680

Chemists

19-2031

Line item

86.7

90.8

4.1

4.7

0.3

7.3

$79,300

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Materials scientists

19-2032

Line item

7.0

7.2

0.2

3.4

0.6

$99,460

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Environmental scientists and geoscientists

19-2040

Summary

129.7

138.8

9.0

7.0

3.6

12.5

$77,520

Environmental scientists and specialists, including health

19-2041

Line item

90.9

98.0

7.1

7.8

3.3

8.9

$73,230

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers

19-2042

Line item

31.8

33.4

1.6

4.9

4.6

3.0

$93,580

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Hydrologists

19-2043

Line item

7.0

7.3

0.4

5.3

2.4

0.7

$84,040

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Physical scientists, all other

19-2099

Line item

22.8

22.1

-0.7

-3.0

9.9

1.5

$107,210

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Social scientists and related workers

19-3000

Summary

326.9

340.8

13.9

4.3

20.3

24.2

$82,280

Economists

19-3011

Line item

20.5

23.5

2.9

14.1

1.4

1.6

$108,350

Master's degree

None

None

Survey researchers

19-3022

Line item

12.2

11.7

-0.4

-3.7

14.8

1.1

$59,870

Master's degree

None

None

Psychologists

19-3030

Summary

192.3

198.1

5.7

3.0

31.5

11.8

$82,180

Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists

19-3031

Line item

171.5

176.7

5.3

3.1

32.5

10.5

$79,820

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Industrial-organizational psychologists

19-3032

Line item

1.1

1.1

0.0

2.5

40.9

0.1

$96,270

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Psychologists, all other

19-3039

Line item

19.8

20.2

0.4

2.3

22.1

1.2

$105,780

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Sociologists

19-3041

Line item

3.2

3.3

0.1

3.6

11.0

0.3

$86,110

Master's degree

None

None

Urban and regional planners

19-3051

Line item

39.7

44.1

4.4

11.0

3.7

$75,950

Master's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers

19-3090

Summary

58.9

60.1

1.2

2.0

5.8

5.6

$85,890

Anthropologists and archeologists

19-3091

Line item

8.0

8.4

0.4

5.2

11.4

0.8

$66,130

Master's degree

None

None

Geographers

19-3092

Line item

1.6

1.6

0.0

-1.2

0.1

$85,430

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Historians

19-3093

Line item

3.5

3.6

0.1

2.6

6.8

0.3

$63,100

Master's degree

None

None

Political scientists

19-3094

Line item

7.0

7.4

0.4

6.1

6.8

0.7

$125,350

Master's degree

None

None

Social scientists and related workers, all other

19-3099

Line item

38.8

39.1

0.3

0.8

4.6

3.6

$87,260

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Life, physical, and social science technicians

19-4000

Summary

389.5

407.6

18.1

4.7

1.4

42.5

$48,440

Agricultural and food science technicians

19-4010

Line item

24.2

25.1

1.0

4.1

1.5

2.8

$41,970

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Biological technicians

19-4021

Line item

87.5

91.8

4.3

4.9

0.9

9.4

$46,340

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Chemical technicians

19-4031

Line item

68.1

70.0

1.9

2.8

1.2

6.3

$49,820

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Environmental science and geoscience technicians

19-4040

Summary

53.7

57.7

4.0

7.4

3.6

5.9

$47,740

Environmental science and protection technicians, including health

19-4042

Line item

34.7

37.6

2.9

8.4

1.4

4.3

$46,850

Associate's degree

None

None

Geological and hydrologic technicians

19-4045

Line item

19.0

20.1

1.0

5.5

7.5

1.6

$50,630

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Nuclear technicians

19-4051

Line item

6.7

5.4

-1.3

-18.9

2.1

0.5

$84,190

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Social science research assistants

19-4061

Line item

40.1

42.4

2.3

5.8

1.3

4.8

$49,210

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Forest and conservation technicians

19-4071

Line item

21.2

21.3

0.1

0.6

2.3

$38,940

Associate's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians

19-4090

Summary

88.1

93.9

5.8

6.5

1.1

10.6

$53,980

Forensic science technicians

19-4092

Line item

17.2

19.6

2.4

14.1

2.3

$60,590

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other

19-4099

Line item

71.0

74.3

3.4

4.7

1.4

8.3

$52,460

Associate's degree

None

None

Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians

19-5000

Summary

122.6

127.4

4.8

4.0

4.1

6.7

$72,530

Occupational health and safety specialists

19-5011

Line item

100.5

104.3

3.8

3.8

4.0

5.5

$76,340

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Occupational health and safety technicians

19-5012

Line item

22.1

23.1

1.0

4.8

4.4

1.2

$53,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Community and social service occupations

21-0000

Summary

2,797.7

3,146.3

348.6

12.5

2.2

309.9

$47,520

Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists

21-1000

Summary

2,331.3

2,663.0

331.7

14.2

2.5

259.6

$47,500

Counselors

21-1010

Summary

868.4

1,005.1

136.7

15.7

5.8

95.8

$50,270

Educational, guidance, and career counselors and advisors

21-1012

Line item

333.5

360.4

26.8

8.0

2.9

33.1

$58,120

Master's degree

None

None

Marriage and family therapists

21-1013

Line item

66.2

80.9

14.8

22.3

8.0

7.9

$51,340

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Rehabilitation counselors

21-1015

Line item

120.2

132.5

12.3

10.3

7.2

12.3

$37,530

Master's degree

None

None

Substance abuse, behavioral disorder, and mental health counselors

21-1018

Line item

319.4

398.4

79.0

24.7

7.7

39.4

$47,660

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Counselors, all other

21-1019

Line item

29.1

32.9

3.8

13.0

5.6

3.1

$45,760

Master's degree

None

None

Social workers

21-1020

Summary

713.2

803.8

90.7

12.7

1.1

73.7

$51,760

Child, family, and school social workers

21-1021

Line item

342.5

382.6

40.1

11.7

0.9

34.9

$48,430

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Healthcare social workers

21-1022

Line item

185.0

211.7

26.7

14.4

1.5

19.6

$57,630

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Mental health and substance abuse social workers

21-1023

Line item

123.2

143.8

20.7

16.8

1.4

13.4

$48,720

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Social workers, all other

21-1029

Line item

62.5

65.6

3.2

5.1

0.5

5.8

$64,210

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous community and social service specialists

21-1090

Summary

749.7

854.0

104.3

13.9

0.2

90.1

$40,330

Health education specialists

21-1091

Line item

62.2

69.3

7.1

11.4

0.4

6.9

$56,500

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists

21-1092

Line item

91.8

95.3

3.4

3.7

7.3

$55,690

Bachelor's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Social and human service assistants

21-1093

Line item

425.6

497.1

71.5

16.8

0.1

56.5

$35,960

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Community health workers

21-1094

Line item

64.9

74.8

9.9

15.2

0.4

7.6

$42,000

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Community and social service specialists, all other

21-1099

Line item

105.2

117.6

12.4

11.7

0.3

11.8

$46,770

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Religious workers

21-2000

Summary

466.5

483.4

16.9

3.6

0.5

50.3

$48,430

Clergy

21-2011

Line item

243.9

253.6

9.7

4.0

0.7

24.4

$51,940

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Directors, religious activities and education

21-2021

Line item

157.5

162.7

5.2

3.3

0.4

17.7

$45,110

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Religious workers, all other

21-2099

Line item

65.0

67.1

2.1

3.2

8.3

$33,530

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Legal occupations

23-0000

Summary

1,335.6

1,403.2

67.6

5.1

11.6

89.6

$84,910

Lawyers, judges, and related workers

23-1000

Summary

883.9

918.4

34.5

3.9

16.1

43.3

$124,360

Lawyers and judicial law clerks

23-1010

Summary

831.3

864.2

32.9

4.0

17.0

40.8

$125,040

Lawyers

23-1011

Line item

813.9

846.3

32.3

4.0

17.3

39.9

$126,930

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Judicial law clerks

23-1012

Line item

17.3

17.9

0.6

3.4

0.8

$57,510

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers

23-1020

Summary

52.6

54.2

1.6

3.1

1.7

2.5

$115,150

Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers

23-1021

Line item

15.4

15.4

0.0

0.3

0.7

$97,520

Doctoral or professional degree

5 years or more

Short-term on-the-job training

Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators

23-1022

Line item

7.3

7.9

0.6

7.7

11.9

0.4

$66,130

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates

23-1023

Line item

29.9

30.9

1.0

3.4

1.4

$141,080

Doctoral or professional degree

5 years or more

Short-term on-the-job training

Legal support workers

23-2000

Summary

451.7

484.8

33.1

7.3

2.9

46.3

$52,960

Paralegals and legal assistants

23-2011

Line item

337.8

373.1

35.3

10.5

0.8

37.6

$52,920

Associate's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous legal support workers

23-2090

Summary

113.9

111.7

-2.2

-2.0

8.9

8.7

$53,110

Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers

23-2093

Line item

63.6

61.9

-1.6

-2.6

11.7

4.8

$48,820

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Legal support workers, all other

23-2099

Line item

50.4

49.8

-0.6

-1.2

5.3

3.9

$59,540

Associate's degree

None

None

Educational instruction and library occupations

25-0000

Summary

9,744.7

10,185.6

441.0

4.5

2.1

850.0

$52,380

Postsecondary teachers

25-1000

Summary

1,721.5

1,849.7

128.2

7.4

0.2

145.3

$76,990

Business teachers, postsecondary

25-1011

Line item

105.1

117.7

12.7

12.0

0.2

9.5

$88,010

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Math and computer science teachers, postsecondary

25-1020

Summary

98.6

100.4

1.8

1.8

0.1

7.6

$78,090

Computer science teachers, postsecondary

25-1021

Line item

38.5

39.5

1.0

2.6

3.0

$85,540

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary

25-1022

Line item

60.1

60.8

0.8

1.3

0.1

4.6

$73,650

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Engineering and architecture teachers, postsecondary

25-1030

Summary

53.1

57.4

4.3

8.1

0.1

4.5

$101,990

Architecture teachers, postsecondary

25-1031

Line item

8.5

9.0

0.4

5.1

0.7

$90,880

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Engineering teachers, postsecondary

25-1032

Line item

44.6

48.4

3.8

8.6

3.8

$103,600

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Life sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1040

Summary

78.3

84.6

6.3

8.1

0.1

6.7

$86,390

Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1041

Line item

11.4

11.7

0.2

2.1

0.9

$90,340

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Biological science teachers, postsecondary

25-1042

Line item

64.7

70.7

6.0

9.3

0.2

5.6

$85,600

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary

25-1043

Line item

2.1

2.2

0.0

2.2

0.2

$87,400

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physical sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1050

Summary

64.2

66.6

2.4

3.8

0.1

5.1

$86,170

Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1051

Line item

13.1

13.4

0.2

1.9

1.0

$94,520

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Chemistry teachers, postsecondary

25-1052

Line item

26.4

27.5

1.1

4.3

2.1

$80,400

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Environmental science teachers, postsecondary

25-1053

Line item

7.6

7.8

0.3

3.7

0.6

$84,740

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physics teachers, postsecondary

25-1054

Line item

17.1

17.8

0.8

4.4

1.4

$90,400

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Social sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1060

Summary

145.0

152.7

7.7

5.3

0.2

11.8

$80,990

Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary

25-1061

Line item

7.2

7.5

0.3

4.4

0.6

$89,220

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary

25-1062

Line item

13.4

14.0

0.7

4.9

1.1

$78,840

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Economics teachers, postsecondary

25-1063

Line item

16.8

17.6

0.9

5.2

1.4

$107,260

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Geography teachers, postsecondary

25-1064

Line item

4.8

5.0

0.1

2.9

0.4

$82,330

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Political science teachers, postsecondary

25-1065

Line item

19.8

20.8

1.0

4.9

1.6

$85,760

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Psychology teachers, postsecondary

25-1066

Line item

46.8

51.0

4.1

8.8

0.2

4.0

$78,180

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Sociology teachers, postsecondary

25-1067

Line item

17.0

17.6

0.6

3.8

1.3

$75,610

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other

25-1069

Line item

19.3

19.2

-0.1

-0.3

1.4

$69,340

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Health teachers, postsecondary

25-1070

Summary

326.9

391.8

64.9

19.9

0.2

33.2

$90,890

Health specialties teachers, postsecondary

25-1071

Line item

254.0

306.1

52.1

20.5

0.2

26.0

$99,090

Doctoral or professional degree

Less than 5 years

None

Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary

25-1072

Line item

72.9

85.7

12.8

17.6

0.2

7.2

$75,470

Doctoral or professional degree

Less than 5 years

None

Education and library science teachers, postsecondary

25-1080

Summary

82.6

86.5

3.9

4.7

0.2

6.7

$65,940

Education teachers, postsecondary

25-1081

Line item

77.3

81.0

3.7

4.8

0.2

6.2

$65,440

Doctoral or professional degree

Less than 5 years

None

Library science teachers, postsecondary

25-1082

Line item

5.4

5.5

0.2

3.0

0.4

$71,580

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Law, criminal justice, and social work teachers, postsecondary

25-1110

Summary

55.4

59.0

3.6

6.4

0.2

4.6

$76,160

Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary

25-1111

Line item

16.8

17.9

1.1

6.7

1.4

$63,560

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Law teachers, postsecondary

25-1112

Line item

21.3

22.8

1.5

6.9

0.3

1.8

$116,430

Doctoral or professional degree

Less than 5 years

None

Social work teachers, postsecondary

25-1113

Line item

17.3

18.3

1.0

5.7

1.4

$71,570

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Arts, communications, history, and humanities teachers, postsecondary

25-1120

Summary

320.6

334.7

14.0

4.4

0.2

25.7

$71,030

Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary

25-1121

Line item

116.3

122.8

6.5

5.6

0.2

9.5

$69,690

Master's degree

None

None

Communications teachers, postsecondary

25-1122

Line item

35.6

36.7

1.1

3.2

2.8

$71,030

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

English language and literature teachers, postsecondary

25-1123

Line item

81.3

82.9

1.7

2.1

0.1

6.3

$69,000

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary

25-1124

Line item

30.6

32.3

1.7

5.7

0.2

2.5

$69,920

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

History teachers, postsecondary

25-1125

Line item

26.0

27.0

0.9

3.6

2.1

$76,890

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary

25-1126

Line item

30.9

32.9

2.1

6.7

0.3

2.6

$76,160

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Miscellaneous postsecondary teachers

25-1190

Summary

391.6

398.3

6.7

1.7

0.1

30.0

$63,620

Family and consumer sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1192

Line item

2.5

2.6

0.0

1.3

0.2

$72,220

Master's degree

None

None

Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary

25-1193

Line item

19.1

19.6

0.5

2.6

1.5

$66,290

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Career/technical education teachers, postsecondary

25-1194

Line item

124.1

125.5

1.3

1.1

0.2

9.4

$55,620

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Postsecondary teachers, all other

25-1199

Line item

245.9

250.7

4.8

2.0

0.1

18.9

$71,950

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Preschool, elementary, middle, secondary, and special education teachers

25-2000

Summary

4,363.9

4,515.6

151.8

3.5

0.1

322.4

$59,410

Preschool and kindergarten teachers

25-2010

Summary

668.1

686.3

18.2

2.7

0.8

62.8

$36,810

Preschool teachers, except special education

25-2011

Line item

540.4

553.9

13.5

2.5

0.9

50.6

$31,930

Associate's degree

None

None

Kindergarten teachers, except special education

25-2012

Line item

127.7

132.4

4.7

3.7

0.2

12.2

$57,860

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Elementary and middle school teachers

25-2020

Summary

2,091.0

2,165.3

74.3

3.6

148.7

$60,910

Elementary school teachers, except special education

25-2021

Line item

1,452.1

1,503.5

51.4

3.5

103.2

$60,940

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education

25-2022

Line item

627.1

649.6

22.5

3.6

44.6

$60,810

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Career/technical education teachers, middle school

25-2023

Line item

11.8

12.1

0.4

3.1

0.8

$62,270

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Secondary school teachers

25-2030

Summary

1,124.5

1,166.4

41.9

3.7

75.9

$62,840

Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education

25-2031

Line item

1,050.8

1,090.9

40.2

3.8

71.1

$62,870

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Career/technical education teachers, secondary school

25-2032

Line item

73.8

75.5

1.7

2.3

4.8

$62,460

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Special education teachers

25-2050

Summary

480.2

497.7

17.4

3.6

0.1

35.0

$61,500

Special education teachers, preschool

25-2051

Line item

23.0

24.9

1.9

8.3

0.4

1.8

$61,400

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school

25-2052

Line item

193.0

198.6

5.6

2.9

0.1

13.9

$60,620

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Special education teachers, middle school

25-2057

Line item

84.7

86.9

2.2

2.6

6.1

$61,820

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Special education teachers, secondary school

25-2058

Line item

143.0

147.6

4.6

3.2

0.1

10.3

$62,320

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Special education teachers, all other

25-2059

Line item

36.6

39.7

3.1

8.5

0.3

2.9

$62,820

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Other teachers and instructors

25-3000

Summary

1,471.1

1,550.7

79.7

5.4

12.3

166.3

$33,970

Adult basic education, adult secondary education, and English as a Second Language instructors

25-3011

Line item

59.3

53.1

-6.2

-10.4

7.5

5.3

$55,350

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Self-enrichment teachers

25-3021

Line item

386.2

425.9

39.8

10.3

21.4

46.5

$39,960

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Substitute teachers, short-term

25-3031

Line item

619.4

635.3

15.9

2.6

5.3

67.3

$29,370

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Tutors and teachers and instructors, all other

25-3097

Line item

406.2

436.4

30.2

7.4

14.8

47.2

$40,590

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Librarians, curators, and archivists

25-4000

Summary

278.1

285.9

7.8

2.8

1.4

31.0

$50,860

Archivists, curators, and museum technicians

25-4010

Summary

37.5

41.7

4.2

11.2

5.3

4.5

$52,140

Archivists

25-4011

Line item

8.1

8.8

0.6

7.9

4.7

0.9

$56,760

Master's degree

None

None

Curators

25-4012

Line item

14.5

16.4

1.8

12.6

5.7

1.8

$56,990

Master's degree

None

None

Museum technicians and conservators

25-4013

Line item

14.8

16.5

1.7

11.6

5.1

1.8

$45,710

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Librarians and media collections specialists

25-4022

Line item

146.5

153.8

7.3

5.0

1.2

13.8

$60,820

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Library technicians

25-4031

Line item

94.1

90.5

-3.6

-3.9

12.7

$37,010

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Other educational instruction and library occupations

25-9000

Summary

1,910.2

1,983.7

73.5

3.8

0.4

185.0

$30,970

Farm and home management educators

25-9021

Line item

10.4

10.0

-0.4

-3.9

0.7

0.8

$51,550

Master's degree

None

None

Instructional coordinators

25-9031

Line item

192.9

204.3

11.4

5.9

2.0

17.7

$66,970

Master's degree

5 years or more

None

Teaching assistants

25-9040

Summary

1,565.5

1,621.7

56.3

3.6

0.2

153.8

$29,310

Teaching assistants, postsecondary

25-9044

Line item

169.6

175.4

5.8

3.4

0.1

13.4

$36,250

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Teaching assistants, except postsecondary

25-9045

Line item

1,395.9

1,446.4

50.5

3.6

0.2

140.4

$28,900

Some college, no degree

None

None

Educational instruction and library workers, all other

25-9099

Line item

141.4

147.7

6.2

4.4

1.2

12.7

$41,570

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

27-0000

Summary

2,923.6

2,997.6

73.9

2.5

24.7

293.4

$53,150

Art and design workers

27-1000

Summary

909.5

876.7

-32.9

-3.6

29.5

75.6

$49,600

Artists and related workers

27-1010

Summary

218.6

219.7

1.1

0.5

54.5

21.0

$80,360

Art directors

27-1011

Line item

99.1

97.3

-1.8

-1.8

55.6

9.2

$97,270

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Craft artists

27-1012

Line item

10.6

10.5

-0.1

-1.0

55.9

1.0

$35,180

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators

27-1013

Line item

28.3

28.6

0.3

1.0

55.3

2.7

$52,340

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Special effects artists and animators

27-1014

Line item

67.5

70.3

2.8

4.1

55.6

6.9

$77,700

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Artists and related workers, all other

27-1019

Line item

13.1

13.0

0.0

-0.2

38.1

1.2

$65,800

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Designers

27-1020

Summary

690.9

657.0

-33.9

-4.9

21.6

54.6

$45,980

Commercial and industrial designers

27-1021

Line item

42.2

40.7

-1.5

-3.5

21.9

3.4

$71,640

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Fashion designers

27-1022

Line item

28.3

27.0

-1.3

-4.4

22.0

2.3

$75,810

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Floral designers

27-1023

Line item

51.8

41.4

-10.4

-20.1

22.8

3.0

$29,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Graphic designers

27-1024

Line item

281.5

270.8

-10.7

-3.8

20.9

22.7

$53,380

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Interior designers

27-1025

Line item

77.9

74.1

-3.8

-4.9

21.8

6.2

$57,060

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Merchandise displayers and window trimmers

27-1026

Line item

180.4

174.2

-6.2

-3.4

22.1

14.6

$30,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Set and exhibit designers

27-1027

Line item

15.2

15.4

0.2

1.2

20.2

1.3

$58,180

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Designers, all other

27-1029

Line item

13.6

13.4

-0.3

-1.9

21.7

1.1

$63,750

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers

27-2000

Summary

841.8

902.4

60.6

7.2

21.4

104.7

$47,080

Actors, producers, and directors

27-2010

Summary

229.6

247.7

18.1

7.9

19.0

22.3

$65,780

Actors

27-2011

Line item

70.1

72.2

2.1

3.1

23.9

7.1

Some college, no degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Producers and directors

27-2012

Line item

159.5

175.5

16.0

10.0

16.9

15.2

$76,400

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers

27-2020

Summary

328.4

366.0

37.5

11.4

10.2

50.7

$36,050

Athletes and sports competitors

27-2021

Line item

13.6

15.0

1.4

10.0

14.2

2.1

$50,850

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Coaches and scouts

27-2022

Line item

292.0

326.4

34.3

11.8

10.2

45.3

$36,330

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Umpires, referees, and other sports officials

27-2023

Line item

22.8

24.6

1.8

8.0

8.1

3.4

$28,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Dancers and choreographers

27-2030

Summary

16.9

18.0

1.0

6.1

15.0

2.8

$39,750

Dancers

27-2031

Line item

11.4

11.7

0.3

2.3

15.0

1.8

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Choreographers

27-2032

Line item

5.5

6.3

0.8

14.0

14.9

1.0

$43,680

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

Long-term on-the-job training

Musicians, singers, and related workers

27-2040

Summary

233.6

236.1

2.6

1.1

35.7

25.3

Music directors and composers

27-2041

Line item

58.0

59.0

1.0

1.7

27.8

6.3

$52,250

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Musicians and singers

27-2042

Line item

175.6

177.2

1.6

0.9

38.3

19.0

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous entertainers and performers, sports and related workers

27-2090

Line item

33.3

34.6

1.4

4.2

51.3

3.6

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Media and communication workers

27-3000

Summary

804.0

828.0

24.0

3.0

19.3

76.1

$61,310

Broadcast announcers and radio disc jockeys

27-3011

Line item

40.8

38.7

-2.1

-5.3

28.2

3.7

$36,770

Bachelor's degree

None

None

News analysts, reporters, and journalists

27-3023

Line item

52.0

46.2

-5.8

-11.2

15.9

4.3

$49,300

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Public relations specialists

27-3031

Line item

274.6

294.3

19.7

7.2

1.4

27.1

$62,810

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Writers and editors

27-3040

Summary

308.4

300.9

-7.4

-2.4

34.1

27.1

$67,730

Editors

27-3041

Line item

118.7

110.0

-8.7

-7.3

13.8

9.8

$63,400

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Technical writers

27-3042

Line item

58.4

62.7

4.3

7.4

10.3

5.7

$74,650

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Writers and authors

27-3043

Line item

131.2

128.2

-3.1

-2.3

63.1

11.6

$67,120

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous media and communication workers

27-3090

Summary

128.2

148.0

19.7

15.4

20.4

13.8

$53,330

Interpreters and translators

27-3091

Line item

77.4

92.9

15.5

20.0

21.3

8.8

$52,330

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Court reporters and simultaneous captioners

27-3092

Line item

15.7

17.0

1.4

8.9

4.6

1.4

$61,660

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Media and communication workers, all other

27-3099

Line item

35.2

38.0

2.8

8.1

25.3

3.6

$49,730

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Media and communication equipment workers

27-4000

Summary

368.3

390.5

22.2

6.0

32.3

37.1

$50,870

Audio and video technicians

27-4011

Line item

91.8

103.1

11.3

12.3

9.1

10.8

$47,920

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Broadcast technicians

27-4012

Line item

32.7

33.7

1.0

3.1

10.0

3.4

$43,570

Associate's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sound engineering technicians

27-4014

Line item

15.8

16.7

1.0

6.0

9.7

1.7

$53,520

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Photographers

27-4021

Line item

133.5

128.7

-4.8

-3.6

63.8

10.9

$41,280

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Television, video, and film camera operators and editors

27-4030

Summary

67.9

80.4

12.4

18.3

27.0

7.4

$61,900

Camera operators, television, video, and film

27-4031

Line item

29.7

33.8

4.2

14.0

26.4

3.0

$57,200

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Film and video editors

27-4032

Line item

38.3

46.5

8.3

21.6

27.4

4.3

$67,250

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Lighting technicians and media and communication equipment workers, all other

27-4098

Line item

26.6

27.9

1.3

4.9

8.3

2.8

$70,980

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

29-0000

Summary

9,133.7

9,967.3

833.6

9.1

2.5

570.8

$69,870

Healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners

29-1000

Summary

6,061.2

6,646.8

585.5

9.7

3.6

339.8

$84,430

Chiropractors

29-1011

Line item

51.1

53.4

2.3

4.5

31.4

1.4

$70,720

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Dentists

29-1020

Summary

151.6

155.5

4.0

2.6

15.3

4.8

$164,010

Dentists, general

29-1021

Line item

132.1

135.7

3.7

2.8

15.6

4.2

$158,940

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons

29-1022

Line item

5.6

5.7

0.1

2.4

15.2

0.2

>=$208,000

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Orthodontists

29-1023

Line item

7.2

7.3

0.2

2.4

15.9

0.2

>=$208,000

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Prosthodontists

29-1024

Line item

0.6

0.6

0.0

2.2

15.9

0.0

>=$208,000

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Dentists, all other specialists

29-1029

Line item

6.2

6.2

0.0

0.2

9.7

0.2

$183,300

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Dietitians and nutritionists

29-1031

Line item

74.2

80.1

5.9

8.0

4.1

5.3

$63,090

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Optometrists

29-1041

Line item

44.4

46.3

1.9

4.3

10.9

1.5

$118,050

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Pharmacists

29-1051

Line item

321.7

311.2

-10.5

-3.3

1.8

11.2

$128,710

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physician assistants

29-1071

Line item

125.5

164.8

39.3

31.3

2.0

11.4

$115,390

Master's degree

None

None

Podiatrists

29-1081

Line item

10.5

10.6

0.0

0.2

4.8

0.5

$134,300

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Therapists

29-1120

Summary

790.7

937.2

146.5

18.5

8.2

54.3

$79,970

Occupational therapists

29-1122

Line item

143.3

166.0

22.7

15.9

4.3

10.3

$86,280

Master's degree

None

None

Physical therapists

29-1123

Line item

258.2

305.2

47.0

18.2

7.5

15.2

$91,010

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Radiation therapists

29-1124

Line item

18.5

19.9

1.3

7.1

1.5

1.0

$86,850

Associate's degree

None

None

Recreational therapists

29-1125

Line item

19.9

21.6

1.7

8.3

1.2

$47,710

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Respiratory therapists

29-1126

Line item

135.8

162.0

26.3

19.4

0.1

9.2

$62,810

Associate's degree

None

None

Speech-language pathologists

29-1127

Line item

162.6

203.1

40.5

24.9

3.8

13.7

$80,480

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Exercise physiologists

29-1128

Line item

19.8

22.1

2.2

11.3

62.3

1.4

$50,280

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Therapists, all other

29-1129

Line item

32.6

37.4

4.8

14.6

61.4

2.4

$57,310

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Veterinarians

29-1131

Line item

89.2

103.4

14.2

15.9

13.6

4.5

$99,250

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Registered nurses

29-1141

Line item

3,096.7

3,318.7

221.9

7.2

0.6

175.9

$75,330

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Nurse anesthetists

29-1151

Line item

44.9

51.0

6.2

13.7

0.6

2.9

$183,580

Master's degree

None

None

Nurse midwives

29-1161

Line item

7.2

8.1

0.8

11.6

2.2

0.5

$111,130

Master's degree

None

None

Nurse practitioners

29-1171

Line item

211.3

322.0

110.7

52.4

2.2

24.2

$111,680

Master's degree

None

None

Audiologists

29-1181

Line item

13.8

15.6

1.8

13.3

0.8

$81,030

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Anesthesiologists

29-1211

Line item

33.8

34.0

0.2

0.5

7.1

0.9

>=$208,000

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Family medicine physicians

29-1215

Line item

119.3

126.6

7.3

6.1

6.7

4.0

$207,380

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

General internal medicine physicians

29-1216

Line item

49.5

49.2

-0.3

-0.6

6.8

1.3

>=$208,000

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Obstetricians and gynecologists

29-1218

Line item

20.3

20.1

-0.3

-1.4

7.0

0.5

>=$208,000

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Pediatricians, general

29-1221

Line item

32.5

32.0

-0.5

-1.6

7.0

0.8

$177,130

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Psychiatrists

29-1223

Line item

27.9

31.3

3.3

11.9

5.6

1.1

>=$208,000

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Physicians, all other; and ophthalmologists, except pediatric

29-1228

Line item

429.5

447.9

18.5

4.3

5.9

13.6

>=$208,000

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Surgeons, except ophthalmologists

29-1248

Line item

39.6

38.8

-0.9

-2.2

6.9

1.0

>=$208,000

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Miscellaneous healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners

29-1290

Summary

276.0

289.1

13.2

4.8

5.1

17.4

$77,490

Dental hygienists

29-1292

Line item

226.4

239.7

13.3

5.9

1.6

15.1

$77,090

Associate's degree

None

None

Acupuncturists and healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners, all other

29-1298

Line item

49.6

49.4

-0.1

-0.3

21.2

2.3

$82,420

Master's degree

None

None

Health technologists and technicians

29-2000

Summary

2,978.3

3,215.9

237.6

8.0

0.3

225.0

$45,620

Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians

29-2010

Line item

337.8

362.5

24.7

7.3

21.6

$54,180

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Cardiovascular technologists and technicians

29-2031

Line item

57.4

60.5

3.1

5.4

3.2

$59,100

Associate's degree

None

None

Diagnostic medical sonographers

29-2032

Line item

74.3

86.8

12.5

16.8

5.1

$75,920

Associate's degree

None

None

Nuclear medicine technologists

29-2033

Line item

18.5

19.5

1.0

5.4

1.0

$79,590

Associate's degree

None

None

Radiologic technologists and technicians

29-2034

Line item

212.0

226.1

14.1

6.7

0.0

12.0

$61,900

Associate's degree

None

None

Magnetic resonance imaging technologists

29-2035

Line item

38.7

41.4

2.7

7.0

2.2

$74,690

Associate's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

29-2040

Line item

265.2

282.2

17.0

6.4

0.1

17.4

$36,650

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Health practitioner support technologists and technicians

29-2050

Summary

819.0

881.3

62.3

7.6

0.1

69.2

$36,680

Dietetic technicians

29-2051

Line item

30.2

32.0

1.8

5.9

2.5

$30,110

Associate's degree

None

None

Pharmacy technicians

29-2052

Line item

422.3

437.6

15.2

3.6

0.1

33.4

$35,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Psychiatric technicians

29-2053

Line item

82.8

93.8

11.0

13.3

0.1

7.6

$35,030

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Surgical technologists

29-2055

Line item

111.3

118.9

7.6

6.8

0.1

9.3

$49,710

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Veterinary technologists and technicians

29-2056

Line item

112.9

131.2

18.3

16.2

0.1

10.9

$36,260

Associate's degree

None

None

Ophthalmic medical technicians

29-2057

Line item

59.5

67.9

8.5

14.2

0.1

5.6

$37,940

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

29-2061

Line item

721.7

787.4

65.7

9.1

0.7

58.4

$48,820

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Opticians, dispensing

29-2081

Line item

73.8

76.8

3.0

4.0

2.7

5.7

$38,530

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Orthotists and prosthetists

29-2091

Line item

10.0

11.7

1.7

16.9

0.9

$70,190

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Hearing aid specialists

29-2092

Line item

8.1

9.0

0.9

10.5

0.6

$52,630

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Medical dosimetrists, medical records specialists, and health technologists and technicians, all other

29-2098

Line item

341.6

370.6

29.0

8.5

0.1

27.8

$44,090

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

29-9000

Summary

94.2

104.7

10.5

11.1

4.1

6.0

$51,560

Athletic trainers

29-9091

Line item

32.1

37.3

5.2

16.2

4.0

2.2

$49,860

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Genetic counselors

29-9092

Line item

2.6

3.2

0.6

21.5

4.7

0.2

$85,700

Master's degree

None

None

Health information technologists, medical registrars, surgical assistants, and healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other

29-9098

Line item

59.4

64.1

4.7

7.9

4.2

3.5

$51,840

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Healthcare support occupations

31-0000

Summary

7,013.4

8,598.1

1,584.8

22.6

2.7

1,000.0

$29,960

Home health and personal care aides; and nursing assistants, orderlies, and psychiatric aides

31-1100

Summary

5,078.4

6,363.8

1,285.4

25.3

2.4

755.3

$28,270

Home health and personal care aides

31-1120

Line item

3,439.7

4,599.2

1,159.5

33.7

2.5

568.8

$27,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Nursing assistants, orderlies, and psychiatric aides

31-1130

Summary

1,638.7

1,764.6

125.9

7.7

2.3

186.6

$30,850

Nursing assistants

31-1131

Line item

1,528.5

1,645.5

116.9

7.6

2.3

174.0

$30,850

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Orderlies

31-1132

Line item

50.6

53.1

2.5

5.0

2.2

5.6

$30,030

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Psychiatric aides

31-1133

Line item

59.5

66.0

6.5

10.9

1.2

7.1

$31,570

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Occupational therapy and physical therapist assistants and aides

31-2000

Summary

204.4

265.3

60.9

29.8

0.7

30.0

$54,250

Occupational therapy assistants and aides

31-2010

Summary

55.1

73.0

17.9

32.5

2.7

7.9

$60,950

Occupational therapy assistants

31-2011

Line item

47.1

63.5

16.3

34.6

2.7

6.9

$62,940

Associate's degree

None

None

Occupational therapy aides

31-2012

Line item

8.0

9.5

1.6

19.9

2.8

1.0

$30,180

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Physical therapist assistants and aides

31-2020

Summary

149.3

192.3

43.0

28.8

22.0

$49,970

Physical therapist assistants

31-2021

Line item

98.7

130.9

32.2

32.6

15.1

$59,770

Associate's degree

None

None

Physical therapist aides

31-2022

Line item

50.6

61.3

10.8

21.3

6.9

$28,450

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other healthcare support occupations

31-9000

Summary

1,730.6

1,969.0

238.5

13.8

3.8

214.7

$36,780

Massage therapists

31-9011

Line item

166.7

201.1

34.4

20.6

35.0

22.0

$43,620

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations

31-9090

Summary

1,563.8

1,767.9

204.1

13.1

0.5

192.7

$36,610

Dental assistants

31-9091

Line item

354.6

378.0

23.4

6.6

39.0

$41,180

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Medical assistants

31-9092

Line item

725.2

864.4

139.2

19.2

0.2

92.8

$35,850

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Medical equipment preparers

31-9093

Line item

58.7

62.2

3.4

5.9

0.9

6.7

$38,800

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Medical transcriptionists

31-9094

Line item

58.5

57.2

-1.3

-2.2

4.0

6.9

$35,270

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Pharmacy aides

31-9095

Line item

37.9

32.0

-5.9

-15.7

1.3

3.2

$29,280

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers

31-9096

Line item

99.5

115.2

15.7

15.8

16.9

$29,930

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Phlebotomists

31-9097

Line item

132.6

155.5

22.8

17.2

1.2

15.8

$36,320

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Healthcare support workers, all other

31-9099

Line item

96.9

103.6

6.7

6.9

0.7

11.3

$39,530

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Protective service occupations

33-0000

Summary

3,615.9

3,711.1

95.2

2.6

0.4

387.9

$43,710

Supervisors of protective service workers

33-1000

Summary

331.9

340.5

8.6

2.6

0.3

23.5

$72,360

First-line supervisors of law enforcement workers

33-1010

Summary

174.8

177.6

2.8

1.6

11.1

$82,880

First-line supervisors of correctional officers

33-1011

Line item

48.7

44.9

-3.8

-7.8

2.8

$60,910

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of police and detectives

33-1012

Line item

126.1

132.7

6.6

5.2

8.3

$92,970

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

First-line supervisors of firefighting and prevention workers

33-1021

Line item

71.5

75.9

4.4

6.2

4.6

$78,870

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous first-line supervisors, protective service workers

33-1090

Line item

85.7

87.0

1.3

1.6

1.3

7.8

$52,650

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Firefighting and prevention workers

33-2000

Summary

351.9

373.6

21.7

6.2

0.4

26.0

$53,060

Firefighters

33-2011

Line item

335.5

355.8

20.3

6.1

0.4

24.2

$52,500

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Fire inspectors

33-2020

Summary

16.4

17.8

1.4

8.5

0.4

1.8

$62,120

Fire inspectors and investigators

33-2021

Line item

14.2

15.0

0.8

5.9

0.4

1.5

$64,610

Postsecondary nondegree award

5 years or more

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists

33-2022

Line item

2.3

2.8

0.5

24.3

0.3

$42,150

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Law enforcement workers

33-3000

Summary

1,283.9

1,288.5

4.6

0.4

0.1

94.0

$59,340

Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers

33-3010

Summary

462.3

429.2

-33.1

-7.2

34.7

$47,440

Bailiffs

33-3011

Line item

20.3

20.3

-0.1

-0.3

1.7

$48,000

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Correctional officers and jailers

33-3012

Line item

442.0

408.9

-33.1

-7.5

33.0

$47,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Detectives and criminal investigators

33-3021

Line item

113.5

114.7

1.3

1.1

0.9

7.3

$86,940

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Fish and game wardens

33-3031

Line item

7.2

7.3

0.1

1.2

0.5

$58,040

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Parking enforcement workers

33-3041

Line item

8.1

5.2

-2.9

-36.2

0.2

$42,070

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Police officers

33-3050

Summary

692.9

732.1

39.2

5.7

51.3

$65,600

Police and sheriff's patrol officers

33-3051

Line item

688.4

727.4

39.1

5.7

51.0

$65,540

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Transit and railroad police

33-3052

Line item

4.5

4.7

0.2

4.0

0.3

$72,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Other protective service workers

33-9000

Summary

1,648.2

1,708.5

60.3

3.7

0.7

244.4

$31,230

Animal control workers

33-9011

Line item

13.9

14.8

0.9

6.5

1.4

$38,430

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Private detectives and investigators

33-9021

Line item

36.2

39.2

3.0

8.3

3.0

3.3

$53,320

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Security guards and gambling surveillance officers

33-9030

Summary

1,164.6

1,197.9

33.3

2.9

0.8

144.0

$31,080

Gambling surveillance officers and gambling investigators

33-9031

Line item

10.5

11.1

0.6

5.6

1.4

$35,300

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Security guards

33-9032

Line item

1,154.1

1,186.8

32.8

2.8

0.8

142.7

$31,050

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous protective service workers

33-9090

Summary

433.5

456.6

23.1

5.3

0.1

95.7

$30,740

Crossing guards and flaggers

33-9091

Line item

86.7

91.6

5.0

5.7

15.4

$30,790

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers

33-9092

Line item

149.8

163.3

13.5

9.0

0.2

39.3

$25,020

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Transportation security screeners

33-9093

Line item

51.4

49.8

-1.6

-3.1

4.3

$44,300

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

School bus monitors and protective service workers, all other

33-9098

Line item

145.6

151.8

6.2

4.3

0.1

36.7

$31,960

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food preparation and serving related occupations

35-0000

Summary

13,761.3

14,769.7

1,008.4

7.3

0.5

2,412.8

$25,500

Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

35-1000

Summary

1,188.0

1,258.3

70.4

5.9

2.4

171.1

$35,900

Chefs and head cooks

35-1011

Line item

148.7

158.1

9.5

6.4

10.1

18.5

$53,380

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

35-1012

Line item

1,039.3

1,100.2

60.9

5.9

1.4

152.6

$34,570

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Cooks and food preparation workers

35-2000

Summary

3,458.5

3,705.6

247.2

7.1

0.7

514.4

$27,070

Cooks

35-2010

Summary

2,571.7

2,828.4

256.6

10.0

0.6

374.9

$27,250

Cooks, fast food

35-2011

Line item

534.0

462.3

-71.6

-13.4

57.3

$24,380

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, institution and cafeteria

35-2012

Line item

420.2

428.7

8.5

2.0

55.8

$28,650

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, private household

35-2013

Line item

23.8

22.3

-1.5

-6.3

61.9

2.8

$32,630

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

None

Cooks, restaurant

35-2014

Line item

1,417.3

1,744.6

327.3

23.1

237.2

$28,800

No formal educational credential

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cooks, short order

35-2015

Line item

154.7

147.9

-6.8

-4.4

18.9

$26,570

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, all other

35-2019

Line item

21.8

22.5

0.8

3.5

2.9

$30,460

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food preparation workers

35-2021

Line item

886.7

877.2

-9.5

-1.1

1.1

139.4

$26,070

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food and beverage serving workers

35-3000

Summary

7,600.8

8,217.1

616.3

8.1

0.1

1,456.1

$24,050

Bartenders

35-3011

Line item

654.7

693.1

38.4

5.9

0.3

108.7

$24,960

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Fast food and counter workers

35-3023

Line item

4,047.7

4,508.6

460.9

11.4

0.0

826.6

$23,860

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Waiters and waitresses

35-3031

Line item

2,613.8

2,711.4

97.6

3.7

0.2

475.7

$23,740

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food servers, nonrestaurant

35-3041

Line item

284.6

303.9

19.3

6.8

0.4

45.1

$25,910

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other food preparation and serving related workers

35-9000

Summary

1,514.1

1,588.7

74.6

4.9

0.3

271.2

$25,010

Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers

35-9011

Line item

488.0

519.9

31.9

6.5

0.3

83.0

$25,010

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Dishwashers

35-9021

Line item

522.3

524.7

2.4

0.5

0.2

77.6

$25,270

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop

35-9031

Line item

429.7

464.9

35.2

8.2

0.4

98.1

$23,880

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food preparation and serving related workers, all other

35-9099

Line item

74.1

79.2

5.1

6.9

0.3

12.6

$27,080

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

37-0000

Summary

5,664.0

5,943.4

279.5

4.9

11.4

721.9

$29,940

Supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers

37-1000

Summary

402.6

441.3

38.8

9.6

33.9

45.6

$46,280

First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers

37-1011

Line item

231.9

251.2

19.4

8.4

30.3

26.8

$42,040

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers

37-1012

Line item

170.7

190.1

19.4

11.4

38.9

18.9

$51,010

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Building cleaning and pest control workers

37-2000

Summary

3,956.1

4,066.0

109.9

2.8

5.7

501.8

$28,360

Building cleaning workers

37-2010

Summary

3,868.5

3,970.9

102.4

2.6

5.7

489.7

$28,160

Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners

37-2011

Line item

2,374.2

2,479.8

105.6

4.4

4.0

305.6

$29,080

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Maids and housekeeping cleaners

37-2012

Line item

1,474.9

1,470.7

-4.1

-0.3

8.3

181.5

$26,220

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Building cleaning workers, all other

37-2019

Line item

19.4

20.4

0.9

4.8

5.2

2.5

$34,510

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pest control workers

37-2021

Line item

87.6

95.0

7.5

8.5

5.8

12.1

$37,820

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Grounds maintenance workers

37-3000

Summary

1,305.3

1,436.1

130.8

10.0

21.6

174.5

$32,220

Landscaping and groundskeeping workers

37-3011

Line item

1,188.0

1,307.9

119.9

10.1

21.7

158.9

$31,730

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation

37-3012

Line item

38.1

41.2

3.2

8.3

18.4

5.0

$36,630

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tree trimmers and pruners

37-3013

Line item

62.0

68.6

6.6

10.7

23.0

8.3

$41,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Grounds maintenance workers, all other

37-3019

Line item

17.4

18.5

1.1

6.5

14.4

2.2

$34,210

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Personal care and service occupations

39-0000

Summary

4,724.1

5,088.4

364.3

7.7

20.8

717.4

$28,120

Supervisors of personal care and service workers

39-1000

Summary

371.1

415.7

44.5

12.0

30.9

41.5

$42,850

First-line supervisors of gambling services workers

39-1013

Line item

58.0

67.5

9.5

16.4

48.3

9.7

$50,440

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of personal service and entertainment and recreation workers, except gambling services

39-1098

Line item

313.1

348.1

35.0

11.2

27.7

31.8

$42,000

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Animal care and service workers

39-2000

Summary

350.9

426.4

75.5

21.5

27.7

62.4

$26,370

Animal trainers

39-2011

Line item

50.2

56.9

6.7

13.3

35.4

7.6

$31,520

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Animal caretakers

39-2021

Line item

300.7

369.5

68.8

22.9

26.4

54.9

$26,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Entertainment attendants and related workers

39-3000

Summary

654.9

707.0

52.1

8.0

1.4

140.8

$24,980

Gambling services workers

39-3010

Summary

124.2

133.2

9.0

7.2

2.2

19.7

$24,790

Gambling dealers

39-3011

Line item

102.9

110.7

7.9

7.7

2.2

16.4

$23,740

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Gambling and sports book writers and runners

39-3012

Line item

10.4

10.8

0.4

3.7

2.5

1.6

$25,220

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Gambling service workers, all other

39-3019

Line item

10.9

11.6

0.7

6.5

2.5

1.7

$29,360

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Motion picture projectionists

39-3021

Line item

4.7

4.1

-0.5

-11.2

2.2

0.9

$27,490

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers

39-3031

Line item

139.0

143.7

4.7

3.3

0.1

31.9

$25,110

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers

39-3090

Summary

387.0

426.1

39.0

10.1

1.6

88.3

$25,000

Amusement and recreation attendants

39-3091

Line item

357.7

394.7

37.0

10.3

1.6

81.8

$24,760

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Costume attendants

39-3092

Line item

7.7

8.1

0.4

4.7

1.8

1.7

$42,910

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants

39-3093

Line item

16.8

18.1

1.4

8.1

1.7

3.8

$26,700

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other

39-3099

Line item

4.8

5.1

0.3

6.2

1.5

1.1

$27,230

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Embalmers

39-4011

Line item

3.9

3.6

-0.3

-7.6

0.5

$47,630

Associate's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Funeral attendants

39-4021

Line item

34.3

33.3

-1.0

-2.9

5.0

$29,150

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Morticians, undertakers, and funeral arrangers

39-4031

Line item

26.6

26.1

-0.5

-2.0

4.6

2.7

$54,100

Associate's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Personal appearance workers

39-5000

Summary

978.0

1,014.1

36.1

3.7

39.4

110.7

$28,310

Barbers, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists

39-5010

Summary

722.6

713.3

-9.2

-1.3

43.6

77.8

$27,630

Barbers

39-5011

Line item

66.5

71.5

5.0

7.5

69.6

7.2

$32,470

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists

39-5012

Line item

656.1

641.8

-14.2

-2.2

41.0

70.6

$27,380

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Miscellaneous personal appearance workers

39-5090

Summary

255.4

300.8

45.4

17.8

27.5

32.9

$29,560

Makeup artists, theatrical and performance

39-5091

Line item

4.7

5.2

0.5

11.0

27.8

0.6

$106,920

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Manicurists and pedicurists

39-5092

Line item

155.3

185.2

29.9

19.2

27.5

20.4

$27,870

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Shampooers

39-5093

Line item

16.8

18.8

1.9

11.4

27.5

2.0

$24,190

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Skincare specialists

39-5094

Line item

78.6

91.6

13.1

16.6

27.5

10.0

$36,510

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges

39-6000

Summary

83.3

88.3

5.0

6.0

0.3

11.6

$30,110

Baggage porters and bellhops

39-6011

Line item

40.6

42.8

2.2

5.3

0.3

5.6

$27,050

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Concierges

39-6012

Line item

42.6

45.5

2.9

6.7

0.3

6.0

$32,380

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tour and travel guides

39-7000

Summary

57.3

60.5

3.1

5.4

7.1

9.6

$29,460

Tour and travel guides

39-7010

Line item

57.3

60.5

3.1

5.4

7.1

9.6

$29,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Childcare workers

39-9011

Line item

1,146.4

1,165.9

19.5

1.7

22.7

160.2

$25,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Recreation and fitness workers

39-9030

Summary

790.9

890.0

99.1

12.5

9.0

136.6

$31,250

Exercise trainers and group fitness instructors

39-9031

Line item

373.7

431.3

57.6

15.4

11.0

66.4

$40,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Recreation workers

39-9032

Line item

417.1

458.7

41.5

10.0

7.2

70.2

$28,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Residential advisors

39-9041

Line item

115.2

128.7

13.6

11.8

18.5

$31,190

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Crematory operators and personal care and service workers, all other

39-9098

Line item

111.3

128.8

17.5

15.7

36.3

17.1

$28,420

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sales and related occupations

41-0000

Summary

15,525.3

15,222.0

-303.4

-2.0

7.4

1,856.1

$31,500

Supervisors of sales workers

41-1000

Summary

1,886.3

1,771.0

-115.3

-6.1

25.0

159.8

$46,070

First-line supervisors of retail sales workers

41-1011

Line item

1,476.4

1,395.3

-81.2

-5.5

21.4

131.0

$41,580

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers

41-1012

Line item

409.8

375.7

-34.1

-8.3

38.2

28.8

$78,560

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Retail sales workers

41-2000

Summary

8,676.0

8,396.0

-280.0

-3.2

1.8

1,205.6

$26,270

Cashiers

41-2010

Summary

3,622.5

3,357.7

-264.8

-7.3

0.4

562.3

$25,020

Cashiers

41-2011

Line item

3,600.9

3,335.5

-265.3

-7.4

0.4

558.6

$25,020

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Gambling change persons and booth cashiers

41-2012

Line item

21.7

22.2

0.5

2.5

3.8

$27,080

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Counter and rental clerks and parts salespersons

41-2020

Summary

682.1

691.9

9.9

1.4

0.7

75.2

$31,480

Counter and rental clerks

41-2021

Line item

420.4

424.9

4.5

1.1

0.5

46.1

$30,870

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Parts salespersons

41-2022

Line item

261.7

267.0

5.3

2.0

1.1

29.1

$32,460

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Retail salespersons

41-2031

Line item

4,371.4

4,346.3

-25.1

-0.6

3.1

568.1

$27,080

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, services

41-3000

Summary

2,257.2

2,336.0

78.8

3.5

5.4

230.3

$57,760

Advertising sales agents

41-3011

Line item

139.2

130.2

-9.0

-6.5

6.7

14.4

$54,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Insurance sales agents

41-3021

Line item

501.3

528.8

27.5

5.5

12.4

45.9

$52,180

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents

41-3031

Line item

464.2

481.6

17.4

3.7

4.3

40.5

$64,770

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Travel agents

41-3041

Line item

82.0

60.8

-21.3

-25.9

17.0

5.7

$42,350

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives of services, except advertising, insurance, financial services, and travel

41-3091

Line item

1,070.5

1,134.7

64.2

6.0

1.5

123.8

$58,770

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing

41-4000

Summary

1,720.7

1,747.0

26.2

1.5

2.7

158.2

$65,420

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products

41-4011

Line item

321.0

334.0

13.0

4.1

2.7

30.7

$86,650

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and scientific products

41-4012

Line item

1,399.7

1,412.9

13.2

0.9

2.7

127.5

$62,070

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Other sales and related workers

41-9000

Summary

985.2

972.1

-13.1

-1.3

36.6

102.2

$37,560

Models, demonstrators, and product promoters

41-9010

Summary

90.8

93.6

2.7

3.0

11.3

15.7

$32,490

Demonstrators and product promoters

41-9011

Line item

88.1

90.9

2.7

3.1

11.4

15.3

$32,500

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Models

41-9012

Line item

2.7

2.7

0.0

0.5

8.4

0.5

$31,910

No formal educational credential

None

None

Real estate brokers and sales agents

41-9020

Summary

477.2

488.5

11.3

2.4

55.7

41.1

$51,220

Real estate brokers

41-9021

Line item

100.7

103.3

2.7

2.6

56.3

8.7

$60,370

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Real estate sales agents

41-9022

Line item

376.5

385.2

8.7

2.3

55.6

32.4

$49,040

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales engineers

41-9031

Line item

64.5

68.6

4.1

6.3

6.7

$108,830

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Telemarketers

41-9041

Line item

136.9

117.5

-19.4

-14.2

0.5

15.5

$27,920

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous sales and related workers

41-9090

Summary

215.8

203.9

-11.9

-5.5

38.8

23.1

$30,510

Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers

41-9091

Line item

72.9

58.3

-14.6

-20.0

87.7

6.3

$29,730

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sales and related workers, all other

41-9099

Line item

142.9

145.6

2.7

1.9

13.9

16.9

$30,550

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Office and administrative support occupations

43-0000

Summary

20,633.0

19,673.3

-959.7

-4.7

1.3

2,017.4

$38,720

Supervisors of office and administrative support workers

43-1000

Summary

1,552.4

1,505.7

-46.7

-3.0

0.5

138.2

$58,450

First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers

43-1011

Line item

1,552.4

1,505.7

-46.7

-3.0

0.5

138.2

$58,450

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Communications equipment operators

43-2000

Summary

78.5

61.7

-16.8

-21.4

0.6

5.5

$32,060

Switchboard operators, including answering service

43-2011

Line item

69.9

54.1

-15.7

-22.5

0.3

4.7

$31,430

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Telephone operators

43-2021

Line item

5.0

3.6

-1.4

-27.9

0.4

$37,710

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Communications equipment operators, all other

43-2099

Line item

3.6

3.9

0.3

9.1

7.0

0.4

$46,680

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Financial clerks

43-3000

Summary

3,111.1

2,932.9

-178.3

-5.7

2.5

294.1

$39,550

Bill and account collectors

43-3011

Line item

238.9

223.5

-15.4

-6.4

0.3

22.9

$38,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Billing and posting clerks

43-3021

Line item

484.2

493.5

9.3

1.9

1.3

48.1

$39,590

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks

43-3031

Line item

1,673.6

1,578.2

-95.4

-5.7

4.0

162.1

$42,410

Some college, no degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Gambling cage workers

43-3041

Line item

14.6

15.4

0.8

5.7

1.8

$28,650

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Payroll and timekeeping clerks

43-3051

Line item

149.8

143.1

-6.7

-4.5

0.2

13.7

$47,020

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Procurement clerks

43-3061

Line item

68.5

63.4

-5.1

-7.5

5.3

$44,740

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tellers

43-3071

Line item

449.0

380.4

-68.6

-15.3

0.1

36.7

$32,620

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Financial clerks, all other

43-3099

Line item

32.6

35.4

2.8

8.6

3.3

3.6

$44,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Information and record clerks

43-4000

Summary

6,012.8

5,963.6

-49.2

-0.8

0.8

689.6

$35,300

Brokerage clerks

43-4011

Line item

48.6

50.5

1.9

3.8

4.9

$55,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Correspondence clerks

43-4021

Line item

6.8

6.6

-0.2

-3.2

5.4

0.7

$38,400

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Court, municipal, and license clerks

43-4031

Line item

163.7

171.6

7.9

4.8

2.5

15.6

$40,930

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks

43-4041

Line item

26.9

25.6

-1.3

-4.8

2.2

$41,730

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Customer service representatives

43-4051

Line item

3,018.8

2,959.8

-59.0

-2.0

0.4

350.2

$35,830

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Eligibility interviewers, government programs

43-4061

Line item

147.5

153.1

5.7

3.8

13.7

$47,110

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

File clerks

43-4071

Line item

106.7

91.1

-15.6

-14.6

0.4

9.4

$34,090

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

43-4081

Line item

276.5

257.4

-19.1

-6.9

0.8

38.5

$25,490

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Interviewers, except eligibility and loan

43-4111

Line item

201.9

207.0

5.1

2.5

1.7

23.9

$36,170

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Library assistants, clerical

43-4121

Line item

90.5

87.0

-3.5

-3.8

12.2

$28,730

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Loan interviewers and clerks

43-4131

Line item

212.6

230.3

17.7

8.3

0.4

21.2

$41,370

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

New accounts clerks

43-4141

Line item

44.3

37.8

-6.5

-14.7

0.6

3.4

$37,750

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Order clerks

43-4151

Line item

146.0

129.1

-16.8

-11.5

5.7

12.8

$35,590

Some college, no degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping

43-4161

Line item

123.9

117.7

-6.2

-5.0

1.4

11.5

$43,250

Associate's degree

None

None

Receptionists and information clerks

43-4171

Line item

1,105.3

1,144.7

39.5

3.6

1.0

139.2

$31,110

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks

43-4181

Line item

126.3

122.7

-3.7

-2.9

1.1

12.5

$39,430

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Information and record clerks, all other

43-4199

Line item

166.5

171.5

5.1

3.0

0.7

17.8

$42,820

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers

43-5000

Summary

2,206.1

2,093.6

-112.5

-5.1

2.3

171.9

$41,160

Cargo and freight agents

43-5011

Line item

97.2

102.6

5.4

5.5

9.1

$43,770

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Couriers and messengers

43-5021

Line item

121.8

119.1

-2.7

-2.2

36.2

10.4

$30,980

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Dispatchers

43-5030

Summary

302.9

307.1

4.2

1.4

1.1

26.3

$41,750

Public safety telecommunicators

43-5031

Line item

98.3

104.3

6.1

6.2

9.2

$43,290

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance

43-5032

Line item

204.6

202.7

-1.9

-0.9

1.7

17.1

$40,980

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Meter readers, utilities

43-5041

Line item

30.9

27.4

-3.6

-11.5

2.2

$41,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Postal service workers

43-5050

Summary

503.1

430.9

-72.2

-14.3

25.6

$51,150

Postal service clerks

43-5051

Line item

78.1

67.5

-10.5

-13.5

4.3

$50,150

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Postal service mail carriers

43-5052

Line item

326.6

282.5

-44.1

-13.5

16.1

$51,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

43-5053

Line item

98.5

80.9

-17.6

-17.8

5.2

$53,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Production, planning, and expediting clerks

43-5061

Line item

378.5

393.3

14.8

3.9

0.0

37.5

$49,640

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Shipping, receiving, and inventory clerks

43-5071

Line item

710.4

648.8

-61.5

-8.7

0.3

54.3

$35,260

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping

43-5111

Line item

61.3

64.5

3.1

5.1

1.0

6.4

$36,650

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Secretaries and administrative assistants

43-6000

Summary

3,638.8

3,311.4

-327.4

-9.0

0.9

321.8

$40,990

Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants

43-6011

Line item

593.4

472.4

-121.1

-20.4

0.9

42.3

$63,110

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Legal secretaries and administrative assistants

43-6012

Line item

171.8

133.8

-38.0

-22.1

1.1

11.8

$48,980

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Medical secretaries and administrative assistants

43-6013

Line item

623.4

682.7

59.3

9.5

1.1

72.6

$37,350

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive

43-6014

Line item

2,250.2

2,022.6

-227.5

-10.1

0.8

195.2

$38,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other office and administrative support workers

43-9000

Summary

4,033.3

3,804.4

-228.9

-5.7

1.3

396.3

$35,870

Data entry and information processing workers

43-9020

Summary

225.1

163.5

-61.6

-27.4

4.0

13.8

$35,820

Data entry keyers

43-9021

Line item

172.4

130.0

-42.4

-24.6

3.1

10.9

$34,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Word processors and typists

43-9022

Line item

52.7

33.5

-19.2

-36.4

6.8

2.9

$41,050

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Desktop publishers

43-9031

Line item

10.4

8.4

-2.0

-19.0

13.9

0.8

$47,560

Associate's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Insurance claims and policy processing clerks

43-9041

Line item

293.9

287.3

-6.6

-2.2

1.0

25.5

$42,050

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service

43-9051

Line item

88.4

82.5

-6.0

-6.7

1.2

8.3

$31,920

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Office clerks, general

43-9061

Line item

3,126.3

2,970.4

-155.9

-5.0

0.5

317.5

$35,330

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Office machine operators, except computer

43-9071

Line item

47.3

41.1

-6.2

-13.1

3.8

$34,730

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Proofreaders and copy markers

43-9081

Line item

10.3

10.1

-0.3

-2.7

17.4

1.2

$41,140

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Statistical assistants

43-9111

Line item

10.8

11.5

0.7

6.4

1.4

1.3

$50,360

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Office and administrative support workers, all other

43-9199

Line item

220.8

229.6

8.8

4.0

8.1

24.1

$35,890

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

45-0000

Summary

1,116.6

1,115.1

-1.5

-0.1

4.2

159.7

$29,670

Supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers

45-1000

Summary

53.2

52.6

-0.6

-1.1

19.8

6.9

$50,080

First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers

45-1011

Line item

53.2

52.6

-0.6

-1.1

19.8

6.9

$50,080

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Agricultural workers

45-2000

Summary

956.5

966.0

9.5

1.0

0.6

139.6

$29,020

Agricultural inspectors

45-2011

Line item

15.2

15.5

0.3

1.8

2.2

$46,700

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Animal breeders

45-2021

Line item

8.4

8.1

-0.3

-3.2

1.2

$40,770

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Graders and sorters, agricultural products

45-2041

Line item

38.3

38.3

0.0

0.0

0.2

5.0

$28,220

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous agricultural workers

45-2090

Summary

894.5

904.0

9.5

1.1

0.6

131.2

$28,890

Agricultural equipment operators

45-2091

Line item

70.3

78.3

8.0

11.4

0.6

11.6

$32,750

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse

45-2092

Line item

566.5

587.9

21.4

3.8

0.8

85.8

$28,660

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals

45-2093

Line item

245.4

225.1

-20.3

-8.3

0.2

32.1

$29,130

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Agricultural workers, all other

45-2099

Line item

12.3

12.7

0.4

2.9

0.7

1.8

$30,140

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Fishing and hunting workers

45-3000

Summary

36.7

33.9

-2.8

-7.7

33.8

4.6

Fishing and hunting workers

45-3031

Line item

36.7

33.9

-2.8

-7.7

33.8

4.6

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Forest, conservation, and logging workers

45-4000

Summary

70.1

62.6

-7.6

-10.8

25.4

8.5

$40,200

Forest and conservation workers

45-4011

Line item

13.2

13.1

-0.1

-0.5

20.2

1.8

$30,640

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Logging workers

45-4020

Summary

56.9

49.4

-7.5

-13.2

26.6

6.7

$42,350

Fallers

45-4021

Line item

7.2

6.0

-1.2

-16.7

27.0

0.8

$43,190

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Logging equipment operators

45-4022

Line item

39.2

34.3

-4.9

-12.5

26.5

4.7

$43,210

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Log graders and scalers

45-4023

Line item

4.8

4.3

-0.6

-11.4

27.2

0.6

$36,900

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Logging workers, all other

45-4029

Line item

5.7

4.9

-0.8

-14.5

26.1

0.7

$41,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Construction and extraction occupations

47-0000

Summary

7,349.1

7,645.4

296.3

4.0

14.9

733.9

$48,610

Supervisors of construction and extraction workers

47-1000

Summary

685.0

718.0

33.0

4.8

8.0

65.5

$67,840

First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

47-1011

Line item

685.0

718.0

33.0

4.8

8.0

65.5

$67,840

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

Construction trades workers

47-2000

Summary

5,681.0

5,872.4

191.3

3.4

17.9

550.9

$47,480

Boilermakers

47-2011

Line item

15.9

16.0

0.1

0.9

1.4

$65,360

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons

47-2020

Summary

98.7

93.0

-5.8

-5.9

26.8

7.8

$53,090

Brickmasons and blockmasons

47-2021

Line item

81.9

76.7

-5.2

-6.4

26.8

6.4

$55,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Stonemasons

47-2022

Line item

16.8

16.3

-0.5

-3.2

27.0

1.4

$43,650

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Carpenters

47-2031

Line item

1,024.1

1,019.9

-4.2

-0.4

27.7

89.0

$49,520

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers

47-2040

Summary

123.4

127.5

4.1

3.3

27.9

10.7

$43,210

Carpet installers

47-2041

Line item

36.5

33.3

-3.2

-8.9

28.0

2.5

$41,480

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles

47-2042

Line item

22.9

25.2

2.3

9.9

27.9

2.2

$45,520

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Floor sanders and finishers

47-2043

Line item

7.0

7.1

0.2

2.2

27.9

0.6

$38,850

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tile and stone setters

47-2044

Line item

57.0

61.9

4.9

8.6

27.8

5.4

$44,220

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers

47-2050

Summary

203.4

199.2

-4.3

-2.1

1.6

17.0

$46,060

Cement masons and concrete finishers

47-2051

Line item

200.4

196.4

-3.9

-2.0

1.6

16.8

$46,000

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Terrazzo workers and finishers

47-2053

Line item

3.0

2.7

-0.3

-10.3

0.2

$51,430

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Construction laborers

47-2061

Line item

1,398.0

1,473.4

75.4

5.4

26.7

141.1

$37,890

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Construction equipment operators

47-2070

Summary

468.3

487.5

19.2

4.1

1.8

49.5

$49,100

Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators

47-2071

Line item

46.6

48.8

2.2

4.7

1.7

5.2

$41,540

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Pile driver operators

47-2072

Line item

3.6

3.8

0.2

4.4

2.2

0.4

$63,370

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

47-2073

Line item

418.0

434.9

16.9

4.0

1.8

43.9

$49,770

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers

47-2080

Summary

146.9

146.6

-0.3

-0.2

17.8

11.8

$48,830

Drywall and ceiling tile installers

47-2081

Line item

125.1

125.6

0.5

0.4

17.8

10.1

$47,460

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tapers

47-2082

Line item

21.8

21.0

-0.9

-4.0

17.8

1.6

$59,450

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electricians

47-2111

Line item

739.2

801.4

62.2

8.4

5.0

82.2

$56,900

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Glaziers

47-2121

Line item

52.8

54.8

2.1

3.9

0.9

5.4

$46,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Insulation workers

47-2130

Summary

61.3

63.1

1.8

2.9

1.1

6.0

$45,820

Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall

47-2131

Line item

34.0

34.5

0.6

1.6

1.1

3.2

$41,690

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Insulation workers, mechanical

47-2132

Line item

27.3

28.6

1.2

4.5

1.0

2.7

$50,030

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Painters and paperhangers

47-2140

Summary

385.0

385.9

0.8

0.2

37.7

32.8

$42,150

Painters, construction and maintenance

47-2141

Line item

379.5

380.3

0.9

0.2

37.7

32.3

$42,130

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Paperhangers

47-2142

Line item

5.6

5.5

0.0

-0.8

39.1

0.5

$43,560

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

47-2150

Summary

529.0

551.8

22.8

4.3

8.2

53.8

$54,980

Pipelayers

47-2151

Line item

38.9

40.7

1.8

4.7

7.2

4.0

$40,480

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

47-2152

Line item

490.2

511.1

20.9

4.3

8.3

49.8

$56,330

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Plasterers and stucco masons

47-2161

Line item

27.7

28.8

1.1

4.1

1.5

2.3

$47,020

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Reinforcing iron and rebar workers

47-2171

Line item

18.8

19.8

0.9

5.0

2.6

$49,390

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Roofers

47-2181

Line item

161.6

165.4

3.8

2.4

18.5

14.7

$43,580

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sheet metal workers

47-2211

Line item

137.7

139.5

1.8

1.3

3.4

12.7

$51,370

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Structural iron and steel workers

47-2221

Line item

77.0

80.6

3.6

4.7

0.4

8.1

$54,830

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Solar photovoltaic installers

47-2231

Line item

12.0

18.1

6.1

50.5

6.0

2.3

$46,470

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers, construction trades

47-3000

Summary

245.9

251.5

5.6

2.3

0.4

29.0

$34,000

Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters

47-3011

Line item

23.4

22.3

-1.1

-4.7

0.4

2.5

$36,990

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--carpenters

47-3012

Line item

33.2

33.7

0.4

1.3

0.4

3.9

$34,280

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--electricians

47-3013

Line item

81.1

82.3

1.2

1.5

0.4

9.5

$33,840

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons

47-3014

Line item

11.0

11.2

0.2

1.9

1.3

$31,640

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

47-3015

Line item

59.3

62.6

3.3

5.6

0.4

7.3

$33,590

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--roofers

47-3016

Line item

9.1

9.5

0.3

3.5

1.1

$33,260

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers, construction trades, all other

47-3019

Line item

28.8

30.0

1.2

4.2

0.4

3.5

$33,360

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other construction and related workers

47-4000

Summary

464.0

487.1

23.1

5.0

4.1

50.9

$47,580

Construction and building inspectors

47-4011

Line item

120.8

124.6

3.9

3.2

6.8

13.5

$62,860

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Elevator and escalator installers and repairers

47-4021

Line item

28.9

30.8

1.9

6.6

3.0

$88,540

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Fence erectors

47-4031

Line item

34.2

35.0

0.8

2.2

24.8

3.4

$37,550

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Hazardous materials removal workers

47-4041

Line item

45.3

49.0

3.7

8.2

5.6

$45,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Highway maintenance workers

47-4051

Line item

156.1

163.8

7.8

5.0

0.2

16.5

$41,660

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators

47-4061

Line item

13.9

14.4

0.5

3.4

1.4

$56,370

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners

47-4071

Line item

30.7

33.8

3.1

10.1

0.9

3.5

$41,120

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous construction and related workers

47-4090

Line item

34.1

35.6

1.5

4.3

5.5

4.0

$39,660

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Extraction workers

47-5000

Summary

273.2

316.4

43.2

15.8

1.5

37.6

$46,020

Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil and gas

47-5010

Summary

84.7

105.8

21.1

25.0

0.5

13.6

$48,820

Derrick operators, oil and gas

47-5011

Line item

12.0

15.7

3.7

30.5

0.5

2.0

$47,920

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Rotary drill operators, oil and gas

47-5012

Line item

20.9

26.6

5.6

26.9

0.5

3.4

$53,820

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Service unit operators, oil and gas

47-5013

Line item

51.7

63.6

11.8

22.9

0.5

8.1

$47,380

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators, surface mining

47-5022

Line item

46.1

47.4

1.3

2.9

3.7

5.1

$45,150

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Continuous mining machine operators

47-5041

Line item

15.0

15.3

0.3

2.3

2.5

1.7

$56,920

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Roof bolters, mining

47-5043

Line item

3.3

2.8

-0.5

-16.0

2.4

0.3

$61,190

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Loading and moving machine operators, underground mining

47-5044

Line item

4.5

3.9

-0.6

-13.4

3.7

0.4

$56,640

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Rock splitters, quarry

47-5051

Line item

5.1

5.2

0.2

3.6

2.5

0.6

$37,130

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Roustabouts, oil and gas

47-5071

Line item

58.5

73.1

14.7

25.1

0.3

8.8

$39,420

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers--extraction workers

47-5081

Line item

16.9

20.3

3.4

20.2

2.5

2.4

$37,860

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Earth drillers, except oil and gas; and explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters

47-5097

Line item

25.3

27.3

2.0

7.8

1.7

3.0

$48,510

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Long-term on-the-job training

Underground mining machine operators and extraction workers, all other

47-5098

Line item

14.1

15.4

1.3

9.3

2.5

1.8

$52,400

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

49-0000

Summary

6,128.0

6,301.3

173.3

2.8

4.2

556.7

$48,750

Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers

49-1000

Summary

499.1

512.4

13.3

2.7

0.2

42.1

$70,240

First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-1011

Line item

499.1

512.4

13.3

2.7

0.2

42.1

$70,240

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-2000

Summary

593.4

594.4

1.0

0.2

5.0

55.2

$55,300

Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers

49-2011

Line item

112.3

111.4

-0.9

-0.8

11.5

10.6

$41,090

Some college, no degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers

49-2020

Summary

230.7

225.6

-5.0

-2.2

3.3

22.5

$61,250

Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairers

49-2021

Line item

15.0

15.5

0.6

3.7

3.1

1.6

$57,720

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers

49-2022

Line item

215.7

210.1

-5.6

-2.6

3.3

20.9

$61,470

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-2090

Summary

250.4

257.3

6.9

2.8

3.8

22.1

$56,750

Avionics technicians

49-2091

Line item

22.8

23.8

1.0

4.4

1.7

$67,840

Associate's degree

None

None

Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers

49-2092

Line item

17.9

18.6

0.7

4.1

9.9

1.9

$46,590

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment

49-2093

Line item

9.2

9.4

0.2

2.4

0.7

$70,200

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment

49-2094

Line item

61.2

62.4

1.2

1.9

4.3

$62,010

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay

49-2095

Line item

23.0

22.2

-0.7

-3.2

1.5

$85,340

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles

49-2096

Line item

10.4

8.0

-2.4

-23.2

0.7

$39,570

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Audiovisual equipment installers and repairers

49-2097

Line item

29.7

28.8

-0.8

-2.8

12.9

2.6

$41,460

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Security and fire alarm systems installers

49-2098

Line item

76.3

84.1

7.8

10.3

5.0

8.8

$50,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-3000

Summary

1,793.5

1,793.0

-0.5

0.0

7.6

155.4

$46,530

Aircraft mechanics and service technicians

49-3011

Line item

137.2

143.5

6.3

4.6

0.3

11.2

$66,440

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Automotive technicians and repairers

49-3020

Summary

936.3

912.8

-23.4

-2.5

11.8

77.5

$44,080

Automotive body and related repairers

49-3021

Line item

155.5

159.9

4.4

2.9

6.4

13.6

$45,350

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Automotive glass installers and repairers

49-3022

Line item

24.3

24.2

-0.1

-0.4

19.2

2.2

$37,710

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Automotive service technicians and mechanics

49-3023

Line item

756.6

728.8

-27.8

-3.7

12.6

61.7

$44,050

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists

49-3031

Line item

281.3

290.8

9.6

3.4

4.1

24.5

$50,200

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics

49-3040

Summary

218.1

218.9

0.9

0.4

2.5

19.4

$53,370

Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians

49-3041

Line item

40.8

41.3

0.5

1.3

2.5

3.7

$43,880

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines

49-3042

Line item

152.9

154.0

1.1

0.7

2.4

13.7

$55,350

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Rail car repairers

49-3043

Line item

24.3

23.5

-0.8

-3.2

2.7

2.0

$57,710

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Small engine mechanics

49-3050

Summary

78.1

80.3

2.2

2.8

8.5

7.7

$39,020

Motorboat mechanics and service technicians

49-3051

Line item

25.7

25.9

0.2

0.8

8.5

2.5

$43,320

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Motorcycle mechanics

49-3052

Line item

17.4

18.0

0.6

3.5

8.6

1.7

$38,010

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics

49-3053

Line item

35.0

36.3

1.3

3.8

8.5

3.5

$37,530

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-3090

Summary

142.6

146.6

4.1

2.8

1.0

15.2

$31,010

Bicycle repairers

49-3091

Line item

13.2

13.8

0.6

4.9

1.0

1.4

$32,630

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Recreational vehicle service technicians

49-3092

Line item

15.9

16.8

0.8

5.1

1.0

1.8

$40,520

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Tire repairers and changers

49-3093

Line item

113.4

116.0

2.6

2.3

1.0

12.0

$30,060

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

49-9000

Summary

3,242.1

3,401.6

159.5

4.9

2.9

304.1

$46,290

Control and valve installers and repairers

49-9010

Summary

76.6

77.5

0.9

1.2

0.6

5.8

$52,560

Mechanical door repairers

49-9011

Line item

23.4

24.3

0.8

3.6

0.7

1.9

$43,220

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door

49-9012

Line item

53.1

53.2

0.1

0.2

0.6

4.0

$60,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers

49-9021

Line item

376.8

391.9

15.1

4.0

7.5

34.2

$50,590

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Home appliance repairers

49-9031

Line item

38.4

35.8

-2.7

-6.9

19.2

3.0

$41,610

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Industrial machinery installation, repair, and maintenance workers

49-9040

Summary

522.2

592.1

70.0

13.4

0.6

51.3

$54,920

Industrial machinery mechanics

49-9041

Line item

399.4

461.7

62.3

15.6

0.7

40.5

$55,490

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Maintenance workers, machinery

49-9043

Line item

73.2

77.7

4.5

6.1

6.4

$50,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Millwrights

49-9044

Line item

48.7

52.1

3.4

6.9

0.3

4.3

$57,260

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons

49-9045

Line item

0.8

0.7

-0.2

-19.3

0.0

$54,610

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Line installers and repairers

49-9050

Summary

238.6

238.6

0.0

0.0

1.7

20.7

$68,030

Electrical power-line installers and repairers

49-9051

Line item

115.0

116.9

2.0

1.7

1.6

8.9

$75,030

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Telecommunications line installers and repairers

49-9052

Line item

123.6

121.6

-2.0

-1.6

1.8

11.8

$58,870

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Precision instrument and equipment repairers

49-9060

Summary

82.4

84.0

1.6

1.9

12.2

7.9

$50,740

Camera and photographic equipment repairers

49-9061

Line item

4.2

4.3

0.1

2.6

11.2

0.4

$40,330

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Medical equipment repairers

49-9062

Line item

53.9

56.7

2.8

5.1

12.5

5.4

$51,610

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Musical instrument repairers and tuners

49-9063

Line item

8.9

8.3

-0.6

-7.1

13.3

0.7

$36,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Watch and clock repairers

49-9064

Line item

3.2

2.1

-1.0

-32.3

13.3

0.1

$45,290

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other

49-9069

Line item

12.2

12.6

0.4

3.3

9.9

1.2

$61,420

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Maintenance and repair workers, general

49-9071

Line item

1,516.4

1,579.4

63.0

4.2

0.4

139.4

$40,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Wind turbine service technicians

49-9081

Line item

7.0

11.3

4.3

60.7

13.9

1.3

$56,230

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous installation, maintenance, and repair workers

49-9090

Summary

383.8

391.2

7.3

1.9

9.0

40.4

$39,100

Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers

49-9091

Line item

37.0

36.3

-0.8

-2.0

13.7

3.9

$37,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Commercial divers

49-9092

Line item

4.0

4.2

0.2

4.7

13.8

0.4

$54,800

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Locksmiths and safe repairers

49-9094

Line item

21.1

19.5

-1.6

-7.5

16.7

1.7

$43,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Manufactured building and mobile home installers

49-9095

Line item

2.9

2.2

-0.6

-22.3

2.2

0.1

$35,120

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Riggers

49-9096

Line item

23.5

24.6

1.1

4.6

1.2

2.1

$50,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Signal and track switch repairers

49-9097

Line item

6.6

6.5

0.0

-0.7

13.6

0.6

$76,210

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers

49-9098

Line item

101.1

105.5

4.4

4.4

13.0

$31,760

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other

49-9099

Line item

187.7

192.4

4.7

2.5

12.8

18.5

$42,480

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Production occupations

51-0000

Summary

9,447.0

9,023.8

-423.2

-4.5

2.2

886.3

$37,440

Supervisors of production workers

51-1000

Summary

648.9

646.9

-2.0

-0.3

1.9

56.9

$62,850

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

51-1011

Line item

648.9

646.9

-2.0

-0.3

1.9

56.9

$62,850

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Assemblers and fabricators

51-2000

Summary

1,883.7

1,679.4

-204.3

-10.8

0.7

156.3

$34,970

Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers

51-2011

Line item

43.9

36.3

-7.6

-17.4

2.6

$53,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers

51-2020

Summary

304.6

306.4

1.8

0.6

29.8

$36,460

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

51-2021

Line item

13.0

10.5

-2.4

-18.7

0.9

$37,970

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders, tapers, and finishers

51-2028

Line item

291.7

295.9

4.2

1.4

28.9

$36,390

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Engine and other machine assemblers

51-2031

Line item

45.9

39.0

-7.0

-15.2

3.2

$45,770

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

51-2041

Line item

78.5

66.0

-12.5

-16.0

1.3

5.6

$41,780

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Fiberglass laminators and fabricators

51-2051

Line item

20.4

19.3

-1.1

-5.3

0.8

1.9

$36,950

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Timing device assemblers and adjusters

51-2061

Line item

1.3

1.0

-0.3

-22.3

0.1

$36,170

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators

51-2090

Line item

1,389.1

1,211.5

-177.6

-12.8

0.8

113.2

$33,550

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food processing workers

51-3000

Summary

832.8

853.0

20.2

2.4

2.0

98.1

$30,960

Bakers

51-3011

Line item

199.3

209.9

10.6

5.3

6.1

26.0

$29,400

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers

51-3020

Summary

374.3

381.9

7.6

2.0

0.3

40.8

$31,080

Butchers and meat cutters

51-3021

Line item

137.5

139.8

2.3

1.7

0.3

14.9

$32,900

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

51-3022

Line item

161.8

164.5

2.7

1.7

0.3

17.5

$30,190

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Slaughterers and meat packers

51-3023

Line item

75.0

77.5

2.5

3.3

0.3

8.3

$30,710

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous food processing workers

51-3090

Summary

259.2

261.3

2.1

0.8

1.4

31.3

$31,950

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

51-3091

Line item

22.1

21.9

-0.2

-0.8

5.8

2.4

$32,480

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food batchmakers

51-3092

Line item

162.5

164.7

2.1

1.3

0.6

20.1

$32,710

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

51-3093

Line item

30.4

30.6

0.2

0.5

4.8

$33,010

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food processing workers, all other

51-3099

Line item

44.2

44.1

-0.1

-0.1

2.9

4.0

$29,620

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Metal workers and plastic workers

51-4000

Summary

1,871.2

1,823.2

-48.0

-2.6

1.8

165.8

$40,770

Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4020

Summary

126.4

111.1

-15.3

-12.1

10.0

$39,430

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4021

Line item

77.4

69.2

-8.2

-10.5

6.8

$37,530

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4022

Line item

16.4

13.0

-3.5

-21.1

0.9

$41,430

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4023

Line item

32.6

28.9

-3.7

-11.3

2.3

$43,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Machine tool cutting setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4030

Summary

331.3

300.2

-31.1

-9.4

0.2

26.7

$37,590

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4031

Line item

195.7

179.4

-16.3

-8.3

16.0

$36,980

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4032

Line item

11.2

9.1

-2.1

-19.0

1.9

0.7

$39,780

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4033

Line item

77.1

70.8

-6.3

-8.2

6.8

$36,880

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4034

Line item

28.2

25.3

-2.9

-10.1

2.0

$41,380

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4035

Line item

19.2

15.6

-3.6

-18.6

1.9

1.2

$43,150

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Machinists

51-4041

Line item

388.1

404.4

16.3

4.2

0.8

38.0

$45,840

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters

51-4050

Summary

25.1

24.4

-0.7

-2.8

2.0

$43,000

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders

51-4051

Line item

17.1

17.1

0.0

0.0

1.4

$44,610

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Pourers and casters, metal

51-4052

Line item

8.0

7.3

-0.7

-8.6

0.6

$40,170

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic

51-4060

Summary

7.5

6.9

-0.6

-8.3

1.9

0.6

$51,650

Model makers, metal and plastic

51-4061

Line item

4.4

4.1

-0.4

-8.2

1.9

0.3

$54,780

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Patternmakers, metal and plastic

51-4062

Line item

3.1

2.8

-0.3

-8.4

1.9

0.2

$48,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4070

Summary

191.0

173.2

-17.7

-9.3

14.0

$33,560

Foundry mold and coremakers

51-4071

Line item

17.6

16.5

-1.0

-5.8

1.4

$37,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4072

Line item

173.4

156.7

-16.7

-9.6

12.6

$33,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4081

Line item

150.5

153.6

3.1

2.1

1.9

14.0

$37,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tool and die makers

51-4111

Line item

72.5

68.6

-3.9

-5.4

2.0

6.0

$54,760

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Welding, soldering, and brazing workers

51-4120

Summary

476.1

487.2

11.1

2.3

5.1

46.6

$43,790

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

51-4121

Line item

438.9

452.5

13.6

3.1

5.1

43.4

$44,190

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-4122

Line item

37.2

34.7

-2.5

-6.8

5.2

3.1

$39,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous metal workers and plastic workers

51-4190

Summary

102.6

93.5

-9.1

-8.9

1.6

7.9

$37,210

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4191

Line item

20.1

18.0

-2.1

-10.3

1.9

1.5

$39,530

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Layout workers, metal and plastic

51-4192

Line item

8.5

7.6

-0.9

-10.2

1.6

0.6

$52,300

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Plating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4193

Line item

42.1

38.4

-3.7

-8.8

3.0

$34,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

51-4194

Line item

7.1

6.8

-0.3

-4.8

8.8

0.8

$41,060

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

51-4199

Line item

24.9

22.7

-2.1

-8.6

1.8

1.9

$35,520

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Printing workers

51-5100

Summary

256.8

219.7

-37.1

-14.4

3.2

20.8

$37,600

Prepress technicians and workers

51-5111

Line item

30.2

24.0

-6.3

-20.7

2.5

$41,410

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Printing press operators

51-5112

Line item

181.4

157.2

-24.2

-13.3

4.5

14.1

$37,880

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Print binding and finishing workers

51-5113

Line item

45.2

38.5

-6.7

-14.8

4.3

$34,260

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers

51-6000

Summary

617.8

580.4

-37.4

-6.1

7.8

61.3

$28,020

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

51-6011

Line item

215.2

215.6

0.5

0.2

1.7

25.6

$25,470

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

51-6021

Line item

38.3

31.1

-7.2

-18.9

2.9

$25,580

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sewing machine operators

51-6031

Line item

146.5

132.8

-13.7

-9.3

9.5

12.7

$28,230

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Shoe and leather workers

51-6040

Summary

16.2

14.3

-1.9

-11.7

13.9

1.5

$30,580

Shoe and leather workers and repairers

51-6041

Line item

10.8

9.7

-1.1